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Adverbs of place in Spanish (aquí...)

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Adverbs of place (adverbios de lugar) give information about the location of an action. 

They give an answer to questions starting with "where?".


  • Where are your room keys?
  • Las llaves de tu habitación están aquí. (Your room keys are here.)


  • Where should I put my backpack?
  • Pon tu mochila debajo del asiento. (Put your backpack under the seat.)


Adverbs of place generally modify the verb they refer to. 

Since they refer to a verb, they do not change according to the gender or number.


  • El gato está encima del sofá. (The cat is on the couch.)
  • El banco está enfrente del restaurante italiano. (The bank is in front of the Italian restaurant.)

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Adverbs of place are generally placed after the verb they modify. 


  • El banco está allí. (The bank is over there.)
  • Siéntate aquí.  (Sit down here.)

Types of adverbs of place 

Adverbs of place are divided into 2 types

  1. demonstrative adverbs 
  2. adverbs of location

1. Demonstrative adverbs 

Demonstrative adverbs indicate an imprecise location.

Spanish adverbEnglish adverbExample
acáhere, over hereMiguel vive acá. (Miguel lives here.)
ahítherePon tus gafas ahí. (Put your glasses there.)
alláthere, over thereVamos para allá. (Let's go over there.)
allíthereLa carnicería está allí. (The butcher's is there.)
aquíhereDeberías venir aquí. (You should come here.)

2. Adverbs of location 

Adverbs of location are divided into 2 other types: 

  1. adverbs of position 
  2. adverbs of direction

enlightenedThey correspond to English prepositions of place. 


  • Es: La parada del autobus está delante de la casa de Javier. (delante: adverb)
  • En: The bus stop is in front of Javier's house. (in front of: preposition)

1. Adverbs of position

Adverbs of position indicate where something or someone is exactly located.

They are generally followed by the preposition de.

Adverb of positionOpposite
delante (in front)detrás (behind)
dentro (inside)fuera (outside)
encima (ahead)debajo (underneath)


  • El banco está detrás de la parada del autobús. (The bank is behind the bus stop.)
  • Aparqué el coche delante del supermercado. (I parked the car in front of the supermarket.)
  • El gato está fuera de la casa. (The cat is outside the house.)


* When de is followed by the definite article el, they turn into del (de+el).

2. Adverbs of direction

As the name suggests, these type of adverbs indicate direction.

Unlike adverbs of position, adverbs of direction are generally used with verbs which express movement.

Adverb of directionOpposite
adelante (forwards, to the front)atrás (behind, back)
arriba (above)abajo (downwards, down)
adentro (inside)afuera (outside)


  • ¡Vamos adelante! (Let's go ahead!)
  • El bar está abajo y el restaurante arriba. (The bar is downstairs and the restaurant upstairs.)
  • Mejor vamos adentro porque aquí hace mucho calor. (Let's go inside because it is hot out here.)

enlightenedTo clarify the difference between adverbs of position and adverbs of direction, have a look at the following examples: 

  • Exact location: Puso su paraguas detrás de la puerta. (He put his umbrella behind the door.)
  • Movement towards a point: Se fueron sin mirar atrás. (They left without looking backwards.)

Other adverbs of place

Spanish adverbEnglish translationExample
a la derecha

to the right

on the right

Hay un edificio histórico a la derecha. (There is an historic building on the right.)
a la izquierda

to the left

on the left

El camino tuerce bruscamente a la izquierda. (The road turns sharply to the left.)
al finalin the endHay un banco al final de la calle. (There is a bank at the end of the street.)
al lado

next to


Hay una panadería turca al lado de la oficina. (There is a Turkisk bakery next to the office.)
alrededoraroundLos niños corrían alrededor del árbol. (The kids ran around the tree.)
en el centroin the middleEn el centro de la plaza hay una fuente. (There is a fountain in the middle of the square.)
en el medioin the middleSe cayó en el medio de carretera. (He fell down in the middle of the road.)
enfrente in front ofLa lavandería está enfrente del supermercado. (The laundry is in front of the supermarket.)
cercacloseLa carnicería está cerca del casco histórico. (The butcher's is close to the historical centre.)
lejosfarLa playa está lejos de mi casa. (The beach is far from my house.)



  1. Adverbs of place in Spanish - Flashcards
  2. Adverb of location or adverb of direction?
  3. Adverbs of place in Spanish - Fill in the blanks

Adverbs of place in Spanish - Flashcards

Adverb of location or adverb of direction?

Adverbs of place in Spanish - Fill in the blanks

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