• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/5]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
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  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Spanish prepositions
  • 9 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/21]
  • 9.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/12]
  • 9.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 10 Spanish verbs [0/5]
  • Adverbs of place (adverbios de lugar) give information about the location of an action. 

    They give an answer to questions starting with "where?".

    Examples: 

    • Where are your room keys?
    • Las llaves de tu habitación están aquí. (Your room keys are here.)

     

    • Where should I put my backpack?
    • Pon tu mochila debajo del asiento. (Put your backpack under the seat.)

    Verb-modifier

    Adverbs of place generally modify the verb they refer to. 

    Since they refer to a verb, they do not change according to the gender or number.

    Examples: 

    • El gato está encima del sofá. (The cat is on the couch.)
    • El banco está enfrente del restaurante italiano. (The bank is in front of the Italian restaurant.)

    Placement 

    Adverbs of place are generally placed after the verb they modify. 

    Examples:

    • El banco está allí. (The bank is over there.)
    • Siéntate aquí.  (Sit down here.)

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    Types of adverbs of place 

    Adverbs of place are divided into 2 types

    1. demonstrative adverbs 
    2. adverbs of location

    1. Demonstrative adverbs 

    Demonstrative adverbs indicate an imprecise location.

    Spanish adverb English adverb Example
    acá here, over here Miguel vive acá. (Miguel lives here.)
    ahí there Pon tus gafas ahí. (Put your glasses there.)
    allá there, over there Vamos para allá. (Let's go over there.)
    allí there La carnicería está allí. (The butcher's is there.)
    aquí here Deberías venir aquí. (You should come here.)

    2. Adverbs of location 

    Adverbs of location are divided into 2 other types: 

    1. adverbs of position 
    2. adverbs of direction

    enlightenedThey correspond to English prepositions of place. 

      Example: 

    • Es: La parada del autobus está delante de la casa de Javier. (delante: adverb)
    • En: The bus stop is in front of Javier's house. (in front of: preposition)

    1. Adverbs of position

    Adverbs of position indicate where something or someone is exactly located.

    They are generally followed by the preposition de.

    Adverb of position Opposite
    delante (in front) detrás (behind)
    dentro (inside) fuera (outside)
    encima (ahead) debajo (underneath)

    Examples: 

    • El banco está detrás de la parada del autobús. (The bank is behind the bus stop.)
    • Aparqué el coche delante del supermercado. (I parked the car in front of the supermarket.)
    • El gato está fuera de la casa. (The cat is outside the house.)

    ___________________________________________________________________________________

    * When de is followed by the definite article el, they turn into del (de+el).

    2. Adverbs of direction

    As the name suggests, these type of adverbs indicate direction.

    Unlike adverbs of position, adverbs of direction are generally used with verbs which express movement.

    Adverb of direction Opposite
    adelante (forwards, to the front) atrás (behind, back)
    arriba (above) abajo (downwards, down)
    adentro (inside) afuera (outside)

    Examples: 

    • ¡Vamos adelante! (Let's go ahead!)
    • El bar está abajo y el restaurante arriba. (The bar is downstairs and the restaurant upstairs.)
    • Mejor vamos adentro porque aquí hace mucho calor. (Let's go inside because it is hot out here.)

    enlightenedTo clarify the difference between adverbs of position and adverbs of direction, have a look at the following examples: 

    • Exact location: Puso su paraguas detrás de la puerta. (He put his umbrella behind the door.)
    • Movement towards a point: Se fueron sin mirar atrás. (They left without looking backwards.)

    Other adverbs of place

    Spanish adverb English translation Example
    a la derecha

    to the right

    on the right

    Hay un edificio histórico a la derecha. (There is an historic building on the right.)
    a la izquierda

    to the left

    on the left

    El camino tuerce bruscamente a la izquierda. (The road turns sharply to the left.)
    al final in the end Hay un banco al final de la calle. (There is a bank at the end of the street.)
    al lado

    next to

    beside

    Hay una panadería turca al lado de la oficina. (There is a Turkisk bakery next to the office.)
    alrededor around Los niños corrían alrededor del árbol. (The kids ran around the tree.)
    en el centro in the middle En el centro de la plaza hay una fuente. (There is a fountain in the middle of the square.)
    en el medio in the middle Se cayó en el medio de carretera. (He fell down in the middle of the road.)
    enfrente  in front of La lavandería está enfrente del supermercado. (The laundry is in front of the supermarket.)
    cerca close La carnicería está cerca del casco histórico. (The butcher's is close to the historical centre.)
    lejos far La playa está lejos de mi casa. (The beach is far from my house.)