Adverbs of place (adverbios de lugar) give information about the location of an action.
They give an answer to questions starting with "where?".
Adverbs of place generally modify the verb they refer to.
Since they refer to a verb, they do not change according to the gender or number.
Adverbs of place are generally placed after the verb they modify.
Adverbs of place are divided into 2 types:
Demonstrative adverbs indicate an imprecise location.
|Spanish adverb||English adverb||Example|
|acá||here, over here||Miguel vive acá. (Miguel lives here.)|
|ahí||there||Pon tus gafas ahí. (Put your glasses there.)|
|allá||there, over there||Vamos para allá. (Let's go over there.)|
|allí||there||La carnicería está allí. (The butcher's is there.)|
|aquí||here||Deberías venir aquí. (You should come here.)|
Adverbs of location are divided into 2 other types:
They correspond to English prepositions of place.
Adverbs of position indicate where something or someone is exactly located.
They are generally followed by the preposition de.
|Adverb of position||Opposite|
|delante (in front)||detrás (behind)|
|dentro (inside)||fuera (outside)|
|encima (ahead)||debajo (underneath)|
* When de is followed by the definite article el, they turn into del (de+el).
As the name suggests, these type of adverbs indicate direction.
Unlike adverbs of position, adverbs of direction are generally used with verbs which express movement.
|Adverb of direction||Opposite|
|adelante (forwards, to the front)||atrás (behind, back)|
|arriba (above)||abajo (downwards, down)|
|adentro (inside)||afuera (outside)|
To clarify the difference between adverbs of position and adverbs of direction, have a look at the following examples:
|Spanish adverb||English translation||Example|
|a la derecha||
to the right
on the right
|Hay un edificio histórico a la derecha. (There is an historic building on the right.)|
|a la izquierda||
to the left
on the left
|El camino tuerce bruscamente a la izquierda. (The road turns sharply to the left.)|
|al final||in the end||Hay un banco al final de la calle. (There is a bank at the end of the street.)|
|Hay una panadería turca al lado de la oficina. (There is a Turkisk bakery next to the office.)|
|alrededor||around||Los niños corrían alrededor del árbol. (The kids ran around the tree.)|
|en el centro||in the middle||En el centro de la plaza hay una fuente. (There is a fountain in the middle of the square.)|
|en el medio||in the middle||Se cayó en el medio de carretera. (He fell down in the middle of the road.)|
|enfrente||in front of||La lavandería está enfrente del supermercado. (The laundry is in front of the supermarket.)|
|cerca||close||La carnicería está cerca del casco histórico. (The butcher's is close to the historical centre.)|
|lejos||far||La playa está lejos de mi casa. (The beach is far from my house.)|
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