In Spanish, reflexive verbs are very common. They are used in every day language. Reflexive verbs, in Spanish, have se attached to the end of it. The se stands for a reflexive pronoun, se has the following meanings: himself, herself, itself, yourself, themselves, yourselves and oneself.
Here are some examples of reflexive verbs:
In order to use the reflexive verbs in Spanish, you need to know how to conjugate them.
When conjugating a reflexive verb in Spanish you need to know which reflexive pronoun to use. The reflexive pronouns usually precede the conjugated verb and they are adapted to the subject of the sentence. In table you can see what the different reflexive pronouns are and what they mean.
|Subject Pronoun||Reflexive Pronoun||Meaning|
|(él), (ella), (usted)||se||himself, herself, oneself, itself, yourself|
|(ellos), (ellas), (ustedes)||se||themselves, yourselves|
In the following table an example is given of the conjugation of a reflexive verb.
|Conjugation Present Tense Lavarse||Meaning|
|(yo) me lavo||I wash (myself)|
|(tú) te lavas||you wash (yourself)|
(el) se lava
(ella) se lava
(usted) se lava
he washes (himself)
she washes (herself)
you wash (yourself)
|(nosotros/nosotras) nos lavamos||we wash (ourselves)|
|(vosotros/vosotras) os laváis||you wash (yourselves)|
(ellos) se lavan
(ellas) se lavan
(ustedes) se lavan
they wash (themselves)
they wash (themselves)
you wash (yourselves)
The reflexive pronoun is not always on the same spot in the sentence, this can differ according to the tense the verb is conjugated in.
In ordinary tenses, the reflexive pronoun goes before the verb (for example with the present simple).
In some tenses in Spanish, the reflexive pronoun has a different place in the sentence.
When you are telling someone to do something, you put the reflexive pronoun on the end of the verb.
However, when you are telling someone not to do something, you put the reflexive pronoun before the verb.
In Spanish, we use reflexive verbs to talk about every day actions. Down below you can see some examples.
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