• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Spanish reflexive verbs

    In Spanish, reflexive verbs are very common. They are used in every day language. Reflexive verbs, in Spanish, have se attached to the end of it. The se stands for a reflexive pronoun, se has the following meanings: himself, herself, itself, yourself, themselves, yourselves and oneself. 

    Here are some examples of reflexive verbs: 

    • acostarse (to go to bed)
    • dormirse (to go to sleep) 
    • ducharse (to have a shower)
    • lavarse (to wash)
    • sentarse (to sit down) 

    Conjugation of reflexive verbs in Spanish

    In order to use the reflexive verbs in Spanish, you need to know how to conjugate them. 

    Present tense of reflexive verbs

    When conjugating a reflexive verb in Spanish you need to know which reflexive pronoun to use. The reflexive pronouns usually precede the conjugated verb and they are adapted to the subject of the sentence. In table you can see what the different reflexive pronouns are and what they mean. 

    Subject Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun Meaning
    (yo) me myself
    (tú) te yourself
    (él), (ella), (usted) se himself, herself, oneself, itself, yourself
    (nosotros/nosotras) nos ourselves
    (vosotros/vosotras) os yourselves
    (ellos), (ellas), (ustedes) se themselves, yourselves

    In the following table an example is given of the conjugation of a reflexive verb. 

    Conjugation Present Tense Lavarse Meaning
    (yo) me lavo I wash (myself)
    (tú) te lavas you wash (yourself)

    (el) se lava

    (ella) se lava

    (usted) se lava

    he washes (himself)

    she washes (herself)

    you wash (yourself)

    (nosotros/nosotras) nos lavamos we wash (ourselves)
    (vosotros/vosotras) os laváis you wash (yourselves)

    (ellos) se lavan

    (ellas) se lavan

    (ustedes) se lavan

    they wash (themselves)

    they wash (themselves)

    you wash (yourselves) 

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    Position of reflexive pronouns in Spanish

    The reflexive pronoun is not always on the same spot in the sentence, this can differ according to the tense the verb is conjugated in. 

    Regular tenses

    In ordinary tenses, the reflexive pronoun goes before the verb (for example with the present simple).

    Examples: 

    • ¿Cómo te llamas?What is your name?
    • Después del desayuno, me ducho. - After breakfast, I take a shower.

    Irregular tenses

    In some tenses in Spanish, the reflexive pronoun has a different place in the sentence. 

    When you are telling someone to do something, you put the reflexive pronoun on the end of the verb

    Examples: 

    • ¡Siéntense! - Sit down! 
    • ¡Acostarse! - Go to bed! 

    However, when you are telling someone not to do something, you put the reflexive pronoun before the verb.

    Examples: 

    • ¡No os vayáis!Don't leave! 
    • ¡No te cases!Don't get married! 

    Use of reflexive verbs in Spanish

    In Spanish, we use reflexive verbs to talk about every day actions. Down below you can see some examples. 

    Examples: 

    • ¿A qué hora te despiertas?At what time do you wake up? 
    • Me levanto a las seis y media.I get up at six thirty in the morning. 
    • A veces me baño los fines de semana.Sometimes I bathe on weekends. 

    Next lessons

    1 List of Spanish reflexive verbs Learn the most common reflexive verbs in Spanish!