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Possessive adjectives (adjetivos posesivos) express possession or ownership.
Unlike English, they reflect the gender and quantity of the thing being owned, not of the owner.
Spanish possessive adjectives have two different forms:
Unlike the short forms, the long ones emphasize who the owner is or contrast one possessor with another.
|Singular||Plural form||English translation|
|su||sus||his/her/its + formal you|
|nuestro / nuestra||nuestros / nuestras||our|
|vuestro / vuestra||vuestros / vuestras||your (pl.)|
|su||sus||their + formal you|
The short forms are placed before the nouns.
Mi amiga se llama Lorena. (My friend's name is Lorena.)
Spanish our and your are the only possessive adjectives which are declined into masculine (nuestro/vuestro), feminine (nuestra/vuestra) and plural (nuestros, nuestras / vuestros, vuestras).
The forms "su" (singular) and "sus" (plural) mean his, her, formal you and their. The context will help you to determine the person the adjective refers to.
|Singular form||Plural form||English translation|
|mío / mía*||míos / mías*||mine|
|tuyo / tuya||tuyos / tuyas||yours|
|suyo / suya||suyos / suyas||his, her, formal yours|
|nuestro / nuestra||nuestros / nuestras||ours|
|vuestro / vuestra||vuestros / vuestras||yours|
|suyo / suya||suyos / suyas||theirs, formal yours|
*These forms carry the accent mark.
The long forms are placed after the noun they modify.
Las camisas tuyas son todas blancas. (Your shirts are all white.)
All long forms have a a masculine, feminine and plural forms.
Suyo and suyos refer to a male (he), female (she) or plural subject (they). The context will help you to determine the person the adjective refers to.
Me gustan los zapatos suyos. (I like his/her/their shoes.)
Of mine, of yours, of ours are other English translations of the long forms.
Carlos es un amigo mío. (Carlos is a friend of mine.)
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