Using muy and mucho in Spanish can be very confusing.
Muy is an adverb of quantity and it means "very" in English.
It is used in the following cases:
Since it modifies an adjective or an adverb, it does NOT change according to the gender and number.
When used before an adjective, muy increases the intensity of it.
Muy can intensify an adverb as well.
Although mucho can stand as an adverb as well, it cannot be used after muy.
Therefore, to express "very much", you should use the superlative form of mucho (muchísimo).
Some adverbs are used with mucho.
|Mucho + adverb||English translation||Example|
|mucho antes||long before||Se casaron mucho antes de que yo naciera. (They got married long before I was born.)|
|mucho después||long after||Se fueron mucho después de que yo volviera a casa. (They went away long after I came back home.)|
|mucho más||much more||Tiene mucho más dinero que antes. (He has much more money than before.)|
|mucho menos||much less||Hace mucho menos frío que ayer. (It is much less cold than yesterday.)|
Mucho can be used both as an adjective and an adverb. It means a lot, a lot of, much, many.
It is used in the following cases:
When mucho is used before a noun, it serves as an adjective.
In this case, it must agree in gender (masculine, feminine) and number (singular, plural).
When used as an adverb, mucho comes after the verb it refers to.
Since it modifies a verb, it has no change in gender and number.
|Hace mucho calor.||It is really hot.|
|Hace mucho frío.||It is really cold.|
|¡Muchas gracias!||Thank you very much!|
|¡Mucho gusto!||Nice to meet you!|
|tener mucho calor||to be very hot|
|tener mucho cuidado||to be very careful|
|tener mucho frío||to be very cold|
|tener mucho miedo||to be very afraid|
|tener mucho sueño||to be very sleepy|
Unlike mucho, muy cannot stand alone: it needs to be accompanied by an adjective or an adverb.
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