• Spanish grammar
  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/6]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Sentence structure and word order in Spanish [0/4]
  • 9 Spanish prepositions [0/2]
  • 10 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/27]
  • 10.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 10.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/18]
  • 10.2.1 Pretérito perfecto simple (indefinido) in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.2 Pretérito perfecto compuesto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.3 Difference between Pretérito Perfecto and Indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.4 Pretérito Imperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.2.5 Difference between imperfecto and indefinido [0/3]
  • 10.2.6 Pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish [0/3]
  • 10.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 11 Difference between "ser" and "estar" in Spanish [0/3]
  • 12 Spanish verbs [0/7]
  • 13 Gerund in Spanish (el gerundio) [0/3]
  • 14 Imperative in Spanish (imperativo) [0/6]
  • 15 Passive in Spanish (voz pasiva) [0/3]
  • 16 Negation in Spanish [0/2]
  • Muy VS mucho

    Using muy and mucho in Spanish can be very confusing.

    • María es muy alta  OR  Maria es mucho alta? 
    • Hace mucho calor  OR  Hace muy calor?


    Muy is an adverb of quantity and it means "very" in English.

    It is used in the following cases: 

    1. muy + adjective
    2. muy + adverb

    Since it modifies an adjective or an adverb, it does NOT change according to the gender and number. 

    1. Muy + adjective

    When used before an adjective, muy increases the intensity of it. 


    • Fernanda es muy rica. (Fernanda is very rich.)
    • Este edificio es muy alto. (This building is very tall.)
    • Estas catedrales son muy bonitas. (These cathedrals are very beautiful.)
    • Tus pantalones están muy sucios. (Your trousers are very dirty.)

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    2. Muy + adverb 

    Muy can intensify an adverb as well. 


    • Pilar habla muy bien el inglés. (Pilar speaks English very well.)
    • Mauricio canta muy mal. (Mauricio sings very badly.)
    • Belén habla muy despacio. (Belén speaks very slowly.)

    enlightenedAlthough mucho can stand as an adverb as well, it cannot be used after muy

      Therefore, to express "very much", you should use the superlative form of mucho (muchísimo).  


    • Él me gusta muchísimo. (I like him very much.) 
    • El discurso del presidente fue muchísimo apreciado. (The President's speech was very much appreciated.)

    enlightenedSome adverbs are used with mucho.

    Mucho + adverb English translation Example
    mucho antes long before Se casaron mucho antes de que yo naciera. (They got married long before I was born.)
    mucho después long after Se fueron mucho después de que yo volviera a casa. (They went away long after I came back home.)
    mucho más much more Tiene mucho más dinero que antes. (He has much more money than before.)
    mucho menos much less Hace mucho menos frío que ayer. (It is much less cold than yesterday.)


    Mucho can be used both as an adjective and an adverb. It means a lot, a lot of, much, many

    It is used in the following cases: 

    1. mucho + noun
    2. verb + mucho

    1. Mucho + noun

    When mucho is used before a noun, it serves as an adjective.

    In this case, it must agree in gender (masculine, feminine) and number (singular, plural).

      Masculine Feminine
    Singular mucho mucha
    Plural muchos muchas


    • Hace mucho calor. (It is really hot.)
    • Lucía tiene mucha paciencia. (Lucía has a lot of patience.)
    • Alicia tiene muchos zapatos. (Alicia has a lot of shoes.)
    • Hay muchas cucharas en este cajón. (There are a lot of spoons in this drawer.)

    2. Verb + mucho

    When used as an adverb, mucho comes after the verb it refers to. 

    Since it modifies a verb, it has no change in gender and number. 


    • La madre de Mariano habla mucho. (Mariano's mother speaks a lot.)
    • Ivan trabaja mucho en su restaurante. (Ivan works a lot in his restaurant.)

    Expressions with mucho

    Expression English translation
    Hace mucho calor. It is really hot.
    Hace mucho frío. It is really cold.
    ¡Muchas gracias! Thank you very much!
    ¡Mucho gusto! Nice to meet you!
    tener mucho calor to be very hot
    tener mucho cuidado to be very careful
    tener mucho frío to be very cold
    tener mucho miedo to be very afraid
    tener mucho sueño to be very sleepy

    Comparison between muy and mucho

    Unlike mucho, muy cannot stand alone: it needs to be accompanied by an adjective or an adverb.


    • ¿Estas aburrido? (Are you bored?)
    • Sí, muy aburrido.  OR  Sí, mucho. (Yes, a lot.)


    Muy vs mucho practice quiz

    Muy or mucho?