• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/5]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Fill in the blanks (Score -/-)Free
  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Spanish prepositions
  • 9 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/21]
  • 9.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/12]
  • 9.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 10 Spanish verbs [0/5]
  • Direct object pronouns (pronombres de objeto directo ) replace a direct object, which is a noun that receives the action of a verb. 

    Example: 

    • Mauricio prepara el bizcocho(Mauricio prepares the sponge cake.):
    • Mauricio lo prepara. (Mauricio prepares it.)

    Direct object pronoun forms

    Pronoun English translation Example
    me me José me extraña. (Juan misses me.)
    te you  No te ví en la reunión. (I do not see you at the meeting.)
    lo* him, it (masc.), you (form.) Lo cociné yo anoche. (I cooked it last night.)
    la her, it (fem.), you (form.) La necesito ahora. (I need her now.)
    nos us Nos invitaron a su boda. (They invited us to their wedding.)
    os you Os espero en Málaga. (I will wait for you in Malaga.)
    los  them (masc.), you (form.) Los compré en una tienda muy barata de Valencia. (I bought them in a very cheap shop in Valencia.)
    las them (fem.), you (form.) Las respecto muchísimo. (I respect them a lot.)

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    * In some parts of Spain, you may hear LE instead of lo when the object is a man. 

    Example: 

    Ví a Pablo: Le ví ayer.  OR  Lo ví ayer. (I saw him yesterday.)

    Use 

    As in English, direct object pronouns refer to something or someone previously mentioned

    They avoid repetition. 

    Examples: 

    Echo mucho de menos a mi madre. La necesito ahora. (I miss my mother so much. I need her now.)

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    Placement 

    Direct object pronouns generally precede verbs (both simple and compound ones).

    Examples: 

    • Has visto mi falda? La has visto? (Have you seen my skirt? Have you seen it?)
    • No, no la he visto. (No, I haven't seen it.)

    enlightenedAnyway, direct object pronoun placement depends on the conjugated form of the verb.

       Pay attention to the following cases: 

    1. negative and affirmative commands
    2. infinitive
    3. gerund

    1. Placement in commands

    With negative commands, the pronoun precedes the verb which refers to the command. 

    Example: 

    ¡No pintes la pared!  ¡No la pintes! (Don't paint the wall!  Don't paint it!)

    With affirmative commands, attach the pronoun to the verb which indicates the command. 

    Example: 

    ¡Ponte la bufanda!  ¡Póntela*! (Put your scarf on!  Put it on!)

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    * If the stressed syllable of the verb is the next-to-last one (not counting the pronoun), add the accent mark

    2. Placement with infinitive forms

    When used with infinitive forms, the pronoun occurs after the verb and it is attached to it

    Example: 

    Llamarlo no me da vergüenza. (Calling him does not make me feel embarassed.)

    enlightenedWhen in addition to the infinitive there is another verb form, the pronoun may occur before or after the infinitive.

       Example: 

    • ¿Vas a comprar un nuevo abrigo? (Are you going to buy a new overcoat?)
    • Sí, lo voy a comprar. (Yes, I am going to buy it.)
    • Sí, voy a comprarlo. (Yes, I am going to buy it.)

    3. Placement with gerund forms

    When used with gerund forms, the pronoun occurs after the verb and it is attached to it

    Example: 

    • ¿Habéis hecho los deberes? (Have you done your homework?)
    • No, estamos haciendolos ahora mismo. (No, we are doing it right now.)

    enlightenedWhen in addition to the gerund there is another verb form, the pronoun may occur before or after the gerund. 

       Example: 

    • Juan te está regalando un ramo de flores. (Juan is giving a bouquet of flowers to you.)
    • Juan te lo está regalando. (Juan is giving it to you.)
    • Juan te está regalandolo(Juan is giving it to you.)