Futuro simple in Spanish
- 1.What is the future simple in Spanish?
- 1.1.The formation of the future simple
- 2.Regular conjugations of the futuro simple
- 3.Irregular conjugations of the futuro simple
- 4.When to use the futuro próximo?
- 4.1.Actions or events that will happen or are likely to happen at a future time.
- 4.2.To express a conjecture, supposition, or probability in the present
- 5.Marker words of the futuro próximo
What is the future simple in Spanish?
The future tense (el futuro simple in Spanish) is used to talk about something that will happen or will be true in the future.
The formation of the future simple
The formation of this tense is probably the simplest of all tenses. We just need the infinitive of the verb + add the endings -é, -ás, -á, emos, -éis, -án. These endings are the same for all verbs (-AR, -ER, -IR).
Regular conjugations of the futuro simple
Most verbs are regularly conjugated in the futuro simple and are very easy to form.
|él/ ella/ usted||hablará||comerá||vivirá|
|ellos/ ellas/ ustedes||hablarán||comerán||vivirán|
Irregular conjugations of the futuro simple
Some of the verbs in future have an irregular stem but we still add the regular endings -é, -ás, -á, emos, -éis, -án
|querer (to want)||querré, querrás, querrá...|
|decir (to say)||diré, dirás, dirá...|
|hacer (to do)||haré, harás, hará...|
|haber (to have)||habré, habrás, habrá...|
|saber (to know)||sabré, sabrás, sabrá...|
|poder (to be able to)||podré, podrás, podrá...|
|poner (to put)||pondré, pondrás, pondrá...|
|venir (to come)||vendré, vendrás, vendrá...|
|tener (to have)||tendré, tendrás, tendrá...|
|salir (to leave)||saldré, saldrás, saldrá...|
|caber (to fit)||cabré, cabrás, cabrá...|
Note that ser and estar are highly irregular verbs except in the future that follow the regular pattern
When to use the futuro próximo?
The futuro simple is used to indicate plans or actions that will take place in the future. However, the future tense in Spanish communicates other messages as well.
Actions or events that will happen or are likely to happen at a future time.
- Mañana veré a Ana. (Tomorrow I will see Ana).
- La fiesta será el viernes. (The party will be on Friday).
To express a conjecture, supposition, or probability in the present
- La chica que viene, ¿será Ana María? (The girl who is coming, can it be Ana María?)
- Estaremos a 20 km de Valencia (We must be 20 km away from Valencia)
- ¿Cuánto costará ese bolso tan bonito? (I wonder how much this beautiful bag costs)
Note that in the las example the English equivalent is an indirect question preceeded by I wonder
Marker words of the futuro próximo
Here are some frequently time expressions that indicate the future.
|A la una, a las dos de la tarde…||At one, at two in the afternoon...|
|De aquí a dos días||In two days…|
|El año que viene / El lunes que viene||Next year / Next Monday...|
|El martes||On Tuesday|
|El mes que viene||Next month|
|En un mes / semana||In a month/week|
|Esta noche / Esta tarde||Tonight / This afternoon...|
|Esta primavera/verano||This spring/summer|
|La semana que viene||Next week|
|Mañana / Pasado mañana||Tomorrow / The day after tomorrow|
|Mañana por la mañana / noche / tarde||Tomorrow morning / night / afternoon|
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