• Spanish grammar
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  • 1 Spanish alphabet [0/1]
  • 2 Spanish articles [0/5]
  • 3 Spanish nouns [0/8]
  • 4 Spanish adjectives [0/17]
  • 5 Spanish numbers [0/6]
  • 6 Spanish pronouns [0/32]
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Flashcards (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronoun quiz - Type identification (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish practice quiz - Drag and drop the pronoun (Score -/-)Free
  • Spanish pronouns in Spanish practice quiz (Score -/-)Free
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  • 6.1 Spanish personal pronouns [0/15]
  • 6.2 Spanish reflexive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.3 Spanish possessive pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.4 Spanish demonstrative pronouns [0/2]
  • 6.5 Spanish interrogative pronouns [0/3]
  • 6.6 Spanish relative pronouns [0/3]
  • 7 Adverbs in Spanish [0/18]
  • 8 Spanish prepositions
  • 9 Spanish tenses and verb conjugation [0/21]
  • 9.1 Present tense in Spanish (el presente) [0/3]
  • 9.2 Past tenses in Spanish (el pasado) [0/12]
  • 9.3 Future tense in Spanish (el futuro) [0/6]
  • 10 Spanish verbs [0/5]
  • What is the pretérito pluscuamperfecto?

    The pluperfect tense (Spanish: el pretérito pluscuamperfecto) is one of the compound tenses of the past. It is used to talk about what had happened or had been true at a point in the past. The pretérito pluscuamperfecto has two parts:

    • the imperfect tense of the auxiliary verb haber
    • the past participle (participio) of the verb

    enlightenedpretérito pluscuamperfecto = haber (imperfecto) + participio

    Conjugation of the verb haber

    Personal pronouns Auxiliary haber in imperfect
    Yo había
    habías
    Él / Ella había
    Nosotros/-as habíamos
    Vosotros/-as habíais
    Ellos / Ellas habían

     

    enlightenedAttention! Note that there are written accent marks on the í of all the imperfect forms of haber.

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    Regularly conjugated past participle of verbs on -AR, -ER, -IR

    Verbs in -ar Verbs in -er Verbs in -ir
    The verb ending is replaced by -ADO The verb ending is replaced by -IDO The verb ending is replaced by -IDO

    hablar → hablado

    viajar → viajado

    comer → comido

    beber → bebido

    vivir → vivido

    sentir→ sentido

    The complete formation of the pretérito pluscuamperfecto in Spanish (pluperfect)

    The complete formation of the pluscuamperfecto is made with the conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber in the imperfect and the participle form of the verb:

    Personal pronoun Auxiliary haber in imperfect Participio

    Yo

    Tu

    Él/Ella/Usted

    Nosotros/-as

    Vosotros/-as

    Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes

    había

    habías

    había

    habíamos

    habíais

    habían

    hablado

    comido

    vivido

    Irregularly conjugated participles of verbs

    There are a few irregular participles in Spanish. Here is a list of the most important exceptions:

    Infinitive Participle
    abrir (to open) abierto (opened)
    cubrir (to cover) cubierto (covered)
    decir (to say) dicho (said)
    devolver (to return /to give back) devuelto (returned)
    disolver (to dissolve) disuelto (dissolved)
    escribir (to write) escrito (written)
    hacer (to do) hecho (done)
    ir (to go) ido (gone)
    morir (to die) muerto (died)
    poner (to put) puesto (put)
    romper (to break) roto (broken)
    ser (to be) sido (been)
    ver (to see) visto (seen)
    volver (to come back) vuelto (come)

    When to use the pluscuamperfecto?

    The past perfect or pluperfect is another compound tense that is similar in Spanish and English and its use is practically the same in both languages.

    For an action or event completed in the past before other actions or events.

    • La fiesta había comenzado (The party had started).
    • Marta había salido cuando yo entré (Marta had left when I arrived).

    Marker words of the pretérito pluscuamperfecto.

    These expressions indicated the use of the pluscuamperfecto.

    Spanish English
    todavía no not yet
    aún no not yet
    ya already
    nunca never 
    siempre always (I had always...)
    en mi vida… in my life

    Example sentences

    • Todavía no había salido de casa. (She had not left home yet)
    • Siempre había sido mala comedora. (She had always been a fussy eater)
    • Ya había realizado la actividad en el libro. (He had already done the activity in the book)

    Example text

    “José Arcadio Buendía, que era el hombre más emprendedor que había existido en la tierra, había puesto de tal modo la ubicación de las casas, que desde todas podían llegar al río y recolectar agua con igual esfuerzo, y había organizado las calles con tan buen sentido que ninguna casa recibía más sol que otra, a la hora del calor.”

    Texto tomado y adaptado del libro “Cien años de soledad” del autor Gabriel García Márquez.

    Translation

    "José Arcadio Buendía, who was the most enterprising man that had existed on earth, had put the location of the houses in such a way that they could reach the river and collect water with the same effort, and had organized the streets with good sense that any house received more sun than another, at the time of heat. "

    Retrieved and adapted from “Cien años de soledad” del autor Gabriel García Márquez.