Verbs in Turkish
In Turkish there are two kinds of verbs:
1. Transitive verbs: take an object (anla -understand, sev -love, bul -find, yap -make...)
- Ben seni anlıyorum. -> I understand you. (Seni:you is an object)
- Anahtarı buldular. -> They found the key. (Anahtarı:the key is an object)
2. Intransitive verbs: take no object (gül -laugh, uyu -sleep, öl -die...)
- Onlar gülmedi. -> They didn't laugh.
- Kedi uyuyor. ->The cat is sleeping.
Infinitive in Turkish
The infinitive is the mood of the verb without any conjugation. In order to make a the Turkish infinitive, the suffix -mak or -mek is added to the verb root according to the last vowel of the verb root.
- ağlamak (to cry), gülmek (to laugh), okumak (to read), görmek (to see)...
Turkish verb conjugation and tenses
There are 4 main tenses in the Turkish language:
- The present continuous tense (şimdiki zaman)
- The present simple tense (geniş zaman )
- The past tense (geçmiş zaman)
- The future tense (gelecek zaman)
Verbs are conjugated according to suffixes. This makes the conjugation different than English or other Roman and Latin languages.
The different suffixes are:
- Personal suffixes (indicate the personal pronoun like "me, you, he,...")
- Tense suffixes: present, past or future tense
- Voice suffixes: causative, passive, reflexive, reciprocal
Causative verbs in Turkish
Causative verbs are verbs that explain how a person or a thing makes something happen (verbs with an obligated indirect object like to make something, to get something,...). In Turkish, a causative verb is formed by adding a specific suffix to the verb.
- pişirmek (to cook something)
- güldürmek (to make someone laugh)
- anlatmak (to make someone understand)
Passive verbs in Turkish
The passive voice is used to emphasize the action and the object of a sentence. The passive voice is formed by adding specific suffixes. The passive suffixes are: ''-n, -in, -il''
- hazırlanmak (to be prepared)
- okunmak (to be read)
- gezilmek (to be visited)
Reflexive verbs in Turkish
In English, the words myself, oneself,... are used in combination with reflexive verbs. In Turkish, the suffix -(i)n shows that the subject and the object are the same in a sentence. The reflexive mood is only used with certain verbs.
- giyinmek (to dress oneself)
- kurulanmak (to dry oneself)
- gezinmek (to stroll oneself)
Reciprocal verbs in Turkish
The reciprocal verb gives a meaning of an action that is done together with another person. In English one would say `one another`. In Turkish, the suffix -(i)ş is used to provide this meaning. The reciprocal mood can only be used with certain verbs.
- öpüşmek (to kiss each other)
- araşmak (to call each other)
- buluşmak (to meet up with someone)
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I teach: Turkish, English
Hello from Turkey,I am native Turkish speaker from the south of Turkey. I graduated from departmant of science teacher at Cukurova... University. Teaching is significant and enjoyable for me because I like to learn new things with right sources so I care to teach. When I was student I worked at study center course and I teached english to children. and I teached at homes. I like to learn new cultures, languages, music... I love to nature so I love to taking natural photographs. This is my hobby.In my opinion teaching mustn't be boring and serious. We should have fun when we teach so I am waiting you for learn efficient and enjoyable. Read more
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I teach: English, French, Turkish
Merhaba, hi, salut :) I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of... Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years.In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks.I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. GörüşürüzQualifications & Experience2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School2004 - 2010 Marmara University French Language Teaching2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings.2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara.2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face TutoringCertificates :YDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM)YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more