• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Turkish personal pronouns

    Personal pronouns are used as a subject in a sentence to refer to a person or group of people. Personal pronouns should obtain the correct case according to the use of the word in the sentence. They are often ommited since the verb or adjective already includes the subject in their declension and conjugation.

    List of personal pronouns

    Kişi zamirleri Personal pronouns
    Ben I
    Sen You
    O He/she/it
    Biz We
    Siz You (plural or formal)
    Onlar They

     

    enlightened Note: The Turkish pronouns and nouns have no gender. That is why the pronoun of 'o' is used for the pronouns of 'he, she, it'.

    Examples

    • Ben geliyorum. (I am coming.)
    • Sen nasılsın? (How are you?)
    • O çok üzgün. (He/she/it is very sad.)
    • Biz dün meşguldük. (We were busy yesterday.)
    • Size nasıl yardım edebilirim? (How can I help you?)
    • Onlar yemek yemedi. (They didn't eat.)

    Examples for the third person (he/she/it)

    • Ayşe / Ali çok mutlu. (Ayşe/Ali is very happy.) 
    • çok mutlu. (She/he is very happy.)

     

    • Boncuk çok mutlu. (Boncuk is very happy.)
    • çok mutlu. (It is vert happy.)

    Declension of the personal pronouns

      1st person singular 2nd person singular 3rd person singular 1st person plural 2nd person plural 3rd person plural
    Nominative Ben Sen O Biz Siz Onlar
    Accusative  Beni Seni Onu Bizi Sizi Onları
    Dative Bana Sana Ona Bize Size Onlara
    Locative  Bende Sende Onda Bizde Sizde Onlarda
    Ablative  Benden Senden Onlardan Bizden Sizden Onlardan
    Comitative  Benimle Seninle Onunla Bizimle Sizinle Onunla
    Genitive  Benim Senin Onun Bizim Sizin Onların

     

    Examples

    • Benimle gelmek ister misin? (Do you want to come with me?)
    • Bu kitap onun. (This is his book.)
    • Bizden ne istiyorsun? (What do you want from we?)
    • Seni yarın ararım. (I will all you tomorrow.)

    Omission of personal pronouns

    The Turkish personal pronouns are generally omitted because the person is mentioned in the adjective declension or the verb conjugation.

    Examples

    • Onlar İzmir'de yaşıyorlar. = İzmir'de yaşıyorlar. (They live in İzmir.)
    • Sen bizimle gelemezsin. = Bizimle gelemezsin. (You can't come with us.)
    • Biz sıkıldık. = Sıkıldık. (We are bored.)

     

    Exercises

    Multiple choice exercise on the personal pronouns

    Fill in the blanks exercise about the personal pronouns