• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • In Turkish, verbs are demonstrated in the infinitive form.

    Infinitive in Turkish

    The infinitive is the mood of the verb without any conjugation. In order to make a the Turkish infinitive, the suffix -mak or -mek is added to the verb root according to the last vowel of the verb root. 

    enlightenedVerb root + -mek/-mak

    Last vowel of the verb root-> a,ı,o,u e,i,ö,ü
    Add-> -mak -mek

     

    The infinitive has the same imperative meaning as in English when they are used alone. Another similarity to English is that the verb root is formed by removing "mak/mek" from the infinitive form. For example, the verb root of "yüzmek" (to swim) would be "yüz" (swim), "ağlamak" (to cry) would be "ağla" (cry). 

    Verb root Infinitive
    koş (run) koşmak (to run)
    yap (do) yapmak (to do)
    çiz (draw) çizmek (to draw)
    gör (see) görmek (to see)
    ye (eat) yemek (to eat)

     

    Negative form of the infinitive

    The negative infinitive is formed by adding the suffix -me or -ma after the verb root according to the last vowel of the verb root.

    enlightenedVerb root + -me/-ma + -mek/-mak

    Last vowel of the verb root -> -a,-ı,-o,-u -e,-i,-ö,-ü
    Add -> -ma -me

     

    Verb root Negative infinitive
    koş (run) koşmamak (not to run)
    yap (do) yapmamak (not to do)
    çiz (draw) çizmemek (not to draw)
    gör (see) görmemek (not to see)
    ye (eat) yememek (not to eat)