• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Turkish articles

     

    The Turkish articles, "the, a, and an" are crucial in order to learn the language. The Turkish articles refer the noun in terms of definiteness or indefiniteness. Generally, the articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun.

    enlightenedGrammar tips: 

    • The definite article  “the” does not exist in the Turkish language. The accusative suffix ( ‑i ‑ı ‑u ‑ü) is used to state the definite case (the). 
    • Unlike in English, there is only one kind of article in Turkish which can be called an indefinite article.
    • In Turkish “bir” is used as an indefinite article like “a or an”
    English Articles Turkish Articles
    the -
    a bir
    one bir
    some bazı
    few az
    the apple elma
    the apples elmalar
    an apple bir elma
    one apple bir elma
    some apples bazı elmalar
    few apples birkaç elma

     

    enlightenedNotice the structure of the articles in Turkish.

    Definite article

    Turkish -the-

    The definite article  “the” does not exist in the Turkish language. The accusative suffix ( ‑i ‑ı ‑u ‑ü) is used to state the definite form (the).

    Examples

    • Evi görüyormusun? - Do you see the house?
    • Köfteyi yiyor. -He is eating the meat.

    Essentially, the declesion -i is not an article. No need to use the articles in the Turkish language.wink

    Turkish English
    küçük kız (the) small girl
    kız küçük (The) girl (is) small
    büyük kız (the) big girl
    kız büyük (The) girl (is) big

     

    The Turkish language has no separate word equivalent to the English definite article ‘the.’  You may be understood with or without ‘the’ by examples.

    Turkish English
    baş  head (or) the head
    kahve coffee (or) the coffee

    Indefinite article

    Turkish -a or an-

    Unlike the English, there is only one kind of article in Turkish which can be called an indefinite article.
    enlightenedIn Turkish “bir” is used as an indefinite article like “a or an”

    • The article ''bir'' is not used before a plural noun. (the houses) : bir evler no    evler yes
    • In Turkish, the articles 'a, an, the' are not used in general in a sentence.
    • The article ''bir'' (a/an) is used to express the quantity.

    Examples

    • Bana bir elma verebilir misin? - Can you give me an apple? 
    • Bir kalem almalıyım. -I should buy a pencil.

    Example table

      Singular Plural
    No case

    Bana kitap verir misin?

    Can you give me a book?

    Bana kitaplar verir misin?

    Can you give me books?

    Definite case

    Bana kitabı verir misin?

    Can you give me the book?

    Bana kitapları verir misin?

    Can you give me the books?

    Indefinite case

    Bana bir kitap verir misin?

    Can you give me a book?

    Bana birkaç kitap verir misin?

    Can you give me few books?

     

     

    Exercises

    Multiple choice exercise on the Turkish articles