Dative case in Turkish
The dative case is formed by adding the ''-e, -a'' suffixes to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the dative case can be found as an answer to the questions 'neye?' (to what?), 'kime?' (to whom?) and 'nereye?' (to where?) will lead to find a dative case in a sentence. There are many different uses for the dative case.
- 1.Usage of the Dative
- 1.1.Indication of a direction
- 1.1.1.Example dialogues
- 1.2.Indicating how an action is done
- 1.2.1.Example dialogues
- 1.3.Indication of the time
- 1.3.1.Example dialogues
- 1.4.Indication of a purpose
- 1.4.1.Example dialogues
- 1.5.Declension of nouns in the dative form
- 1.6. Pronouns with the dative case
Usage of the Dative
The dative is used in the following 4 cases:
- indicating a direction
- indicating how an action is done
- indicating the time
- indicating a purpose
1. Indication of a direction
The dative form is used to indicate the direction or place of an action or where an action is directed to. The noun in the dative case can be found as an answer to the questions ‘nereye?’ (to where?) and ‘kime?’ (to whom?) The indirect object of a verb can be found as an answer to the question 'kime?' (to whom?)
Example with 'Nereye' (to where)
- Nereye gideceksin? Where do you go to?
- Okula gideceğim. I will go to school.
Example with 'Kime' (to whom)
- Kime aldım? To whom did you buy the book? / Who did you buy the book for?
- Arkadaşıma kitap aldım. I bought a book to my friend.
2. Indicating how an action is done
The dative case can be found as an answer to the question ‘nasıl?’ (how?) Also the dative form reports a situation and shows how the action of the verb is done.
Bu sorunu nasıl çözebiliriz? How can we solve this problem?
Bu sorunu kafa kafaya çözebiliriz. We can solve this problem face to face.
3. Indication of the time
The dative form indicates the time and has a meaning of -e kadar (until). It can be found as an answer to the question ‘ne zaman?’ (when?)
- Ödevin ne zaman bitecek? When will your homework be finished?
- Ödevim yarına kadar bitecek. My homework will be finished (untill) tomorrow.
4. Indication of a purpose
The dative form also indicates a purpose and forms a reason.
Example for 'purpose' (amaç)
- Ne için hazırlanıyor? What is she preparing for?
- Partiye gitmek için hazırlanıyor. She is preparing for the party.
Example for 'reason' (sebep)
- Bu gezi rehberini ne için aldın? What did you buy this travel guide for?
- Türkiye'ye seyehat edeceğim. I will travel to Turkey.
Declension of nouns in the dative form
Change the suffix of the noun to '-a' or '-e' when the last vowel is one of the following ‘-a, -ı, -o, -u, -e, -i. -ö. -ü’.
|Last vowel of the noun||Suffix change|
- Okul (school) + a: Okula
- Defter (notebook) + e : Deftere
- Çoban (shepherd) + a: Çobana
Pronouns with the dative case
The dative case changes the structures of the pronouns ben (i) and sen (you).
- Ben + e = Bana (not ‘bene’)
- Sen+ e = Sana (not ‘sene’)
|Personal Pronouns||Dative Case|
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Merhaba, hi, salut, مرحباTurkish lessons with a ''Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language''(TÖMER) certified teacher... who has 8 years of experience.Cours de Turc avec un professeur turc agréé de TÖMER ayant 8 and d'expérienceYabancı Dil Olarak Türkçe Öğretimi sertifikalı 8 yıl tecrübeli öğretmenden Türkçe dersleri.المعلم التركي من ذوي الخبرةCours de français avec un professeur de français ayant 8 and d'expérience.French lessons with a professional FLE certified teacher who has 8 years of experience..8 yıl tecrübeli fransızca öğretmeniyle fransızca dersleri I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years.In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks.I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. GörüşürüzQualifications & Experience2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School2004 - 2010 Marmara University Teaching French Second Language 2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings.2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara.2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face Tutoring2017 - University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certificationCertificates :University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certificationYDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM)YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more
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Hello Turkish Learners! I am a professional Turkish Teacher and a translator with a master degree.I have visited so many countries to research... cultures and Turkish Dialects. Since I was a child, my dream was to travel to Asia and learn all the other Turkish Languages such as Kyrgyz Turkish, Kazak Turkish, Tatar Turkish, Tuva Turkish) as well as to research the similarities and differences between Modern Turkish and other Turkish languages. In the past, I worked as a lecturer in the School of Foreign Languages of Turkish Education at Kyrgyzstan Turkey Manas University for 3 years. During my appointment, I have taught all levels of Modern Turkish to the students who are from different nationalities such as Americans, Russians, English, German, Kazaks, Kyrgyz, Tatars, Mongol, Tuvas, Uighur Turk. I am also very fluent in Kyrgyz Turkish and Kazak Turkish. Currently, I am living in Turkey.I believe that with my experiences and love for languages, I can surely help you to speak up. As a patient and concise teacher, I: - develop and implement individual lesson plans for structured and conversational sessions. - use a variety of written and audio materials, primarily Elementary Turkish in 2 Volumes by Kurtuluş Öztopçu.- assign homework and provide regular feedback to students. - clarify complex grammar questions through examples from everyday conversations-make the language learning process less theoretical and more practical. Let me know your motivations and needs, and I will prepare an individual lesson plan for you.Just dream,you can learn language easily!Aysegul Read more