• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • The dative case is formed by adding the ''-e, -a'' suffixes to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the dative case can be found as an answer to the questions 'neye?' (to what?), 'kime?' (to whom?) and 'nereye?' (to where?) will lead to find a dative case in a sentence. There are many different uses for the dative case.

    Usage of the Dative

    The dative is used in the following 4 cases:

    1. indicating a direction
    2. indicating how an action is done
    3. indicating the time
    4. indicating a purpose

    1. Indication of a direction

    The dative form is used to indicate the direction or place of an action or where an action is directed to. The noun in the dative case can be found as an answer to the questions ‘nereye?’ (to where?) and ‘kime?’ (to whom?) The indirect object of a verb can be found as an answer to the question 'kime?' (to whom?)

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    Example dialogues

    Example with 'Nereye' (to where)

    • Nereye gideceksin? Where do you go to?
    • Okula gideceğim. I will go to school. 

    Example with 'Kime' (to whom)

    • Kime aldım? To whom did you buy the book? / Who did you buy the book for?
    • Arkadaşıma kitap aldım. I bought a book to my friend.

    2. Indicating how an action is done

     The dative case can be found as an answer to the question ‘nasıl?’ (how?) Also the dative form reports a situation and shows how the action of the verb is done.

    Example dialogues

    • Bu sorunu nasıl çözebiliriz? How can we solve this problem?

    • Bu sorunu kafa kafaya çözebiliriz. We can solve this problem face to face.

    3. Indication of the time

     The dative form indicates the time and has a meaning of -e kadar (until). It can be found as an answer to the question ‘ne zaman?’ (when?)

    Example dialogues

    • Ödevin ne zaman bitecek? When will your homework be finished?
    • Ödevim yarına kadar bitecek. My homework will be finished (untill) tomorrow.

    4. Indication of a purpose

    The dative form also indicates a purpose and forms a reason.

    Example dialogues

    Example for 'purpose' (amaç)

    • Ne için hazırlanıyor? What is she preparing for?
    • Partiye gitmek için hazırlanıyor. She is preparing for the party.

    Example for 'reason' (sebep)

    • Bu gezi rehberini ne için aldın? What did you buy this travel guide for?
    • Türkiye'ye seyehat edeceğim. I will travel to Turkey.

    Declension of nouns in the dative form

    Change the suffix of the noun to '-a' or '-e' when the last vowel is one of the following ‘-a, -ı, -o, -u, -e, -i. -ö. -ü’.

    Last vowel of the noun Suffix change
    a,ı,o,u -a
    e,i,ö,ü -e

    Examples

    • Okul (school) + a: Okula
    • Defter (notebook) + e : Deftere
    • Çoban (shepherd) + a: Çobana

     Pronouns with the dative case

    enlightenedThe dative case changes the structures of the pronouns ben (i) and sen (you).

    • Ben + e = Bana (not ‘bene’)
    • Sen+ e = Sana (not ‘sene’)
    Personal Pronouns Dative Case
    Ben (i) Bana
    Sen (you) Sana
    O (he/she) Ona
    Biz (we) Bize
    Siz (you) Size
    Onlar(they) Onlara