The 5 Turkish cases are mainly used to express a possession, location, direction or time. This is similar with the English prepositions (to, at, on, in, from...) which do not exist in Turkish. Noun endings are changed depending on the correct case. Note that this is a difference with Latin languages, where the declension happens in the adjectives, pronouns and articles.
The five Turkish cases
- The nominative case
- The accusative case
- The dative case
- The locative case
- The ablative case
1. The nominative case
Nouns in the nominative case usually act as the subject or the indefinite object and they can be found as an answer to the questions 'kim?' (Who?) and 'ne?' (What?) in the parts of a sentence.
- Çocuk ağlamaya başladı.
- The child started to cry.
2. The accusative case
The accusative is formed by adding one of the ‘-i, -ı, -u and -ü' suffixes to the end of a noun. The accusative case signs the definite object of a verb and can be found as an answer to the questions ‘kimi?’ (who?) and ‘neyi?’ (what?)
- Köyü ziyaret ettiler.
- They visited the village.
3. The dative case
The dative is formed by adding the '-e' or '-a' suffix to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the dative case can be found as an answer to the questions 'neye?' (to what?), 'kime?' (to whom?) and 'nereye?' (to where?)
- Babama doğum günü için hediye alacağım.
- I will buy a present to my father for his birthday.
4. The locative case
The locative is formed by adding the '-de' or '-da' suffix to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the locative case can be found as an answer to the question ‘nerede?’ (‘Where?’).
- Arkadaşım evde bekliyor.
- My friend is waiting at home.
5. The ablative case
The ablative is formed by adding '-den' or '-dan' suffix to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the ablative case can be founf as an answer to the questions "nereden? (from where), kimden? (from whom), neden? (from what?) ''
- Yemek tarifini annemden aldım.
- I got the recipe from my mother.
Overview of the declension of a noun
Turkish cases are formed by adding the suffixes to the end of the noun. Except the nominative case, each case has one or more specific suffixes. The following table presents an exhaustive summary of all endings.
|ev (home)||ev (home)||evi (the home)||eve (to home)||evde (at home)||evden (from home)|
|oda (room)||oda (room)||odayı (the room)||odaya (to room)||odada (at room)||odadan (from room)|
|kapı (door)||kapı (door)||kapıyı (the door)||kapıya (to door)||kapıda (at door)||kapıdan (from door)|
Please take a look at the next lessons to get to know the rule in more depth. You can also find exercises about each case!
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
TÖMER Experienced Teacher - Prof Expérimenté - المعلم التركي من ذوي الخبرة
I teach: English, French, Turkish
Merhaba, hi, salut, مرحباTurkish lessons with a ''Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language''(TÖMER) certified teacher... who has 8 years of experience.Cours de Turc avec un professeur turc agréé de TÖMER ayant 8 and d'expérienceYabancı Dil Olarak Türkçe Öğretimi sertifikalı 8 yıl tecrübeli öğretmenden Türkçe dersleri.المعلم التركي من ذوي الخبرةCours de français avec un professeur de français ayant 8 and d'expérience.French lessons with a professional FLE certified teacher who has 8 years of experience..8 yıl tecrübeli fransızca öğretmeniyle fransızca dersleri I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years.In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks.I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. GörüşürüzQualifications & Experience2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School2004 - 2010 Marmara University Teaching French Second Language 2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings.2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara.2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face Tutoring2017 - University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certificationCertificates :University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certificationYDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM)YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more
Keyifli ve verimli dil dersleri... :)
I teach: Turkish
Hello from Turkey,I am native Turkish speaker from the south of Turkey. I graduated from departmant of science teacher at Cukurova... University. Teaching is significant and enjoyable for me because I like to learn new things with right sources so I care to teach. When I was student I worked at study center course and I teached english to children. and I teached at homes. I like to learn new cultures, languages, music... I love to nature so I love to taking natural photographs. This is my hobby.In my opinion teaching mustn't be boring and serious. We should have fun when we teach so I am waiting you for learn efficient and enjoyable. Read more
Private online classes
I teach: English, Russian, Turkish
Russian language. I will teach you according to your needs. Have 1 year experience in teaching Russian language as a second language from... zero level to fluent conversation.I am keen on Russian classical literature, poetry and I write poems as well.My favourite category of students are beginners with flame in their eyes and desire to learn our beautiful and reach language. I will help with pleasure. English language. I worked with adults who planned to travel abroad and had to learn colloquial English language during several months.I have my own methodology for beginners and it doesn’t matter what is your mother tongue. I make accent on communicative part and use knowledges from different fields and cultures. Turkish language. I was working in Turkey during 4 years. In general I used colloquial Turkish language. Plus to it I has been writing articles in Turkish for a web site and a magazine. Жила и работала 4 года в Турции. В основном использовался разговорный язык. Помимо этого писала статьи на турецком для Сайта и журнала. Read more