• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • The 5 Turkish cases are mainly used to express a possession, location, direction or time. This is similar with the English prepositions (to, at, on, in, from...) which do not exist in Turkish. Noun endings are changed depending on the correct case. Note that this is a difference with Latin languages, where the declension happens in the adjectives, pronouns and articles.

    The five Turkish cases

    1. The nominative case
    2. The accusative case
    3. The dative case
    4. The locative case
    5. The ablative case

    1. The nominative case

    Nouns in the nominative case usually act as the subject or the indefinite object and they can be found as an answer to the questions 'kim?' (Who?) and 'ne?' (What?) in the parts of a sentence.

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    Example

    • Çocuk ağlamaya başladı.
    • The child started to cry.

    2. The accusative case

     The accusative is formed by adding one of the ‘-i, -ı, -u and -ü' suffixes to the end of a noun. The accusative case signs the definite object of a verb and can be found as an answer to the questions ‘kimi?’ (who?) and ‘neyi?’ (what?)

    Example

    • Köyü ziyaret ettiler.
    • They visited the village.

    3. The dative case

    The dative is formed by adding the '-e' or '-a' suffix to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the dative case can be found as an answer to the questions 'neye?' (to what?), 'kime?' (to whom?) and 'nereye?' (to where?)

    Example

    • Babama doğum günü için hediye alacağım.
    • I will buy a present to my father for his birthday.

    4. The locative case

    The locative is formed by adding the '-de' or '-da' suffix to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the locative case can be found as an answer to the question ‘nerede?’ (‘Where?’). 

    Example

    • Arkadaşım evde bekliyor.
    • My friend is waiting at home.

    5. The ablative case

    The ablative is formed by adding '-den' or '-dan' suffix to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the ablative case can be founf as an answer to the questions "nereden? (from where), kimden? (from whom), neden? (from what?) ''

    Example

    • Yemek tarifini annemden aldım.
    • I got the recipe from my mother.

    Overview of the declension of a noun

    Turkish cases are formed by adding the suffixes to the end of the noun. Except the nominative case, each case has one or more specific suffixes. The following table presents an exhaustive summary of all endings.

    Noun (isim) Nominative Accusative Dative Locative Ablative
    ev (home) ev (home) evi (the home) eve (to home) evde (at home) evden (from home)
    oda (room) oda (room) odayı (the room) odaya (to room) odada (at room) odadan (from room)
    kapı (door) kapı (door) kapıyı (the door) kapıya (to door) kapıda (at door) kapıdan (from door)

     

    enlightened Please take a look at the next lessons to get to know the rule in more depth. You can also find exercises about each case!

     

     

    Next lessons

    1 Nominative case in Turkish Learn how to use nominative case in Turkish and examine the examples!
    2 Accusative case in Turkish The accusative case is formed by adding the "-i, -ı, -u and -ü" suffixes to the noun.
    3 Dative case in Turkish Learn how to use dative case in Turkish and examine the tables!
    4 Locative case in Turkish Learn how to use locative case in Turkish and examine the tables!
    5 Ablative case in Turkish The ablative case in Turkish shows a point of departure, comparison and partitive relationships.