The 5 Turkish cases are mainly used to express a possession, location, direction or time. This is similar with the English prepositions (to, at, on, in, from...) which do not exist in Turkish. Noun endings are changed depending on the correct case. Note that this is a difference with Latin languages, where the declension happens in the adjectives, pronouns and articles.
The five Turkish cases
- The nominative case
- The accusative case
- The dative case
- The locative case
- The ablative case
1. The nominative case
Nouns in the nominative case usually act as the subject or the indefinite object and they can be found as an answer to the questions 'kim?' (Who?) and 'ne?' (What?) in the parts of a sentence.
- Çocuk ağlamaya başladı.
- The child started to cry.
2. The accusative case
The accusative is formed by adding one of the ‘-i, -ı, -u and -ü' suffixes to the end of a noun. The accusative case signs the definite object of a verb and can be found as an answer to the questions ‘kimi?’ (who?) and ‘neyi?’ (what?)
- Köyü ziyaret ettiler.
- They visited the village.
3. The dative case
The dative is formed by adding the '-e' or '-a' suffix to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the dative case can be found as an answer to the questions 'neye?' (to what?), 'kime?' (to whom?) and 'nereye?' (to where?)
- Babama doğum günü için hediye alacağım.
- I will buy a present to my father for his birthday.
4. The locative case
The locative is formed by adding the '-de' or '-da' suffix to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the locative case can be found as an answer to the question ‘nerede?’ (‘Where?’).
- Arkadaşım evde bekliyor.
- My friend is waiting at home.
5. The ablative case
The ablative is formed by adding '-den' or '-dan' suffix to the end of the noun. The word that should be in the ablative case can be founf as an answer to the questions "nereden? (from where), kimden? (from whom), neden? (from what?) ''
- Yemek tarifini annemden aldım.
- I got the recipe from my mother.
Overview of the declension of a noun
Turkish cases are formed by adding the suffixes to the end of the noun. Except the nominative case, each case has one or more specific suffixes. The following table presents an exhaustive summary of all endings.
|ev (home)||ev (home)||evi (the home)||eve (to home)||evde (at home)||evden (from home)|
|oda (room)||oda (room)||odayı (the room)||odaya (to room)||odada (at room)||odadan (from room)|
|kapı (door)||kapı (door)||kapıyı (the door)||kapıya (to door)||kapıda (at door)||kapıdan (from door)|
Please take a look at the next lessons to get to know the rule in more depth. You can also find exercises about each case!
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TÖMER LECTURER ***Turkish lessons with a native speaker
I teach: English, Turkish
Hello Turkish Learners! I am a professional Turkish Teacher and a translator with a master degree.I have visited so many countries to research... cultures and Turkish Dialects. Since I was a child, my dream was to travel to Asia and learn all the other Turkish Languages such as Kyrgyz Turkish, Kazak Turkish, Tatar Turkish, Tuva Turkish) as well as to research the similarities and differences between Modern Turkish and other Turkish languages. In the past, I worked as a lecturer in the School of Foreign Languages of Turkish Education at Kyrgyzstan Turkey Manas University for 3 years. During my appointment, I have taught all levels of Modern Turkish to the students who are from different nationalities such as Americans, Russians, English, German, Kazaks, Kyrgyz, Tatars, Mongol, Tuvas, Uighur Turk. I am also very fluent in Kyrgyz Turkish and Kazak Turkish. Currently, I am living in Turkey.I believe that with my experiences and love for languages, I can surely help you to speak up. As a patient and concise teacher, I: - develop and implement individual lesson plans for structured and conversational sessions. - use a variety of written and audio materials, primarily Elementary Turkish in 2 Volumes by Kurtuluş Öztopçu.- assign homework and provide regular feedback to students. - clarify complex grammar questions through examples from everyday conversations-make the language learning process less theoretical and more practical. Let me know your motivations and needs, and I will prepare an individual lesson plan for you.Just dream,you can learn language easily!Aysegul Read more
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I teach: English, French, Turkish
Merhaba, hi, salut, مرحبا Turkish lessons with a ''Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language''(TÖMER) certified teacher... who has 8 years of experience. Cours de Turc, Français et Anglais avec un professeur turc agréé de TÖMER ayant 8 and d'expérience Yabancı Dil Olarak Türkçe Öğretimi sertifikalı 8 yıl tecrübeli öğretmenden Türkçe dersleri. المعلم التركي من ذوي الخبرة Cours de français avec un professeur de français ayant 8 and d'expérience. French lessons with a professional FLE certified teacher who has 8 years of experience.. 8 yıl tecrübeli fransızca öğretmeniyle Fransızca ve İngilizce dersleri. I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years. In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks. I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. Görüşürüz Qualifications & Experience 2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School 2004 - 2010 Marmara University Teaching French Second Language 2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings. 2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy 2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara. 2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face Tutoring 2017 - University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certification Certificates : University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certification YDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100 ( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM) YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more
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Hi Guys! I'm Barış . I'm 25 years old and a native speaker of Turkish language.I live in Istanbul. I m passionate at sport and... spiritual subjects. I would like to help you improve your Turkish skills ! I will try my best to take your Turkish level forward whatever your level is . ım looking forward to helping you.. best regards!! Read more
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