• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • The reciprocal verb gives a meaning of an action that is done together with another person. In English one would say `one another`. In Turkish, the suffix -(i)ş is used to provide this meaning. It is formed by adding the suffix to the verb root. The reciprocal mood can only be used with certain verbs.

    The most common reciprocal verbs

    Active verb Reflexive verb
    tanımak (to know a person) tanışmak (to meet with each other)
    öpmek (to kiss) öpüşmek (to kiss each other)
    bakmak (to look at) bakışmak (to look at each other)
    bulmak (to find) buluşmak (to meet up with someone)
    aramak (to call) araşmak (to call each other)
    görmek (to see) görüşmek (to meet up with each other)
    sevmek (to love) sevişmek (to love each other, make love)

     

    Examples

    • Active: Onu iki senedir tanıyorum. (I know her for two years.)
    • Reciprocal: Onunla iki sene önce tanıştık. (We met with each other two years ago.)

     

    • Active: O kız arkadaşını öpmedi. (He didn't kiss his girlfriend.)
    • Reciprocal: Bu şehirden olan insanlar çok fazla öpüşmez. (People from this city don't kiss each other very much.)

     

    • Active: Fiyatlara bak! (Look at the prices!)
    • Reciprocal: Biz uzun süre bakıştık. (We looked at each other for a long time.)

     

    • Active: Ben yeni bir iş buldum. (I found a new job.)
    • Reciprocal: Bu akşam buluşmalıyız. (We should meet tonight.)

     

    • Active: Seni yarın arayacağım. (I will call you tomorrow.)
    • Reciprocal: Biz her hafta sonu araşırız. (They call each other every weekend.)

     

    • Active: Onlar dün beni gördü. (They saw me yesterday.)
    • Reciprocal: Daha fazla görüşmeliyiz. (We should see each other more.)