• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Auxiliary verbs are verbs that are used in mandatory combination with a noun. The primary auxiliary verbs in turkish are:

    1. 'etmek': to do, to make, to perform
    2. 'olmak': to be, to become, to happen, to occur

    1. The verb 'etmek' (to make)

    The verb 'etmek' is used after the noun.

    Yardımcı fiil Auxiliary verb
    telefon etmek to call (to do a phone call)
    şikayet etmek to complain (to make a complain)
    dans etmek to dance
    teşekkür etmek to thank
    yardım etmek to help
    devam etmek to continue
    kabul etmek to accept (to receive something)
    tamir etmek to repair (to make a repair)
    istifa etmek to resign
    kontrol etmek to check (to make a control/check)

     

    enlightenedSome verbs that  are formed with the verb 'etmek' are written as a single word:

    The noun Yardımcı fiil Auxiliary verb
    af (forgiveness) affetmek to forgive
    hal (status) halletmek to solve
    bahis (bet) bahsetmek to mention
    kasıt (intent) kastetmek to mean

     

    enlightenedThe letter 't' changes with 'd' before a suffix beginning with a vowel.

    • Partide dans ettim. (I danced at the party.)
    • Arkadaşım bisikleti tamir edecek. (My friend will repair the bike.)
    • Çalışmaya devam ettiler.(They continued to work.)
    • Bana yardım etmelisin. (You should help me.)
    • Seni affettim. (I forgave you.)

    2. The verb 'olmak'

    The verb 'olmak' means 'to be, to become, to occur' in English.

    Yardımcı fiil Auxiliary verb
    memnun olmak to please (to be pleased)
    pişman olmak to regret (to be regretted)
    hasta olmak to be sick 
    yok olmak to disappear (to be disappeared)
    şok olmak to be shocked

     

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    Examples

    • Tanıştığıma memnun oldum. (I am pleased to meet you.)
    • Oraya gittiğine pişman oldu. (She regrets that she went there.)
    • Seyehatten sonra hasta olduk. (We were sick after the vacation.)
    • Sokakta yok oldular. (They disappeared around the street.)
    • O kız şok oldu. (That girl was shocked.)

     

    enlightenedThe verb 'olmak' is used as the future tense.

    • İki saate hazır olacağız. (We will be ready in two hours.)
    • Sınavdan sonra daha mutlu olacağım. (I will be happier after the exam.)