Locative case in Turkish
The word that should be in the locative case can be found as an answer to the question ‘Nerede?’ (‘Where?’). The English prepositions of place "in, on, at, from, to,..." do not exist in Turkish and are indicated by using the locative case. The locative case is formed by adding the suffix -de to a noun.
- 1.When to use the locative case?
- 1.1.Indicating the place of an action
- 1.1.1.Example dialogue
- 1.2.Indicating the time
- 1.2.1.Example dialogue
- 1.3.Indicating the abstract concept
- 1.3.1.Example dialogue
- 1.4.Declension of nouns in the locative form
- 1.4.2.Examples of the -de/-da change to -te/-ta
- 2.Personal pronouns in the Locative Case
When to use the locative case?
The locative (Turkish: -de hali) is used in the following 3 cases:
- indicating the place of an action
- indicating the time
- indicating the abstract concept
1. Indicating the place of an action
The noun in the locative case can be found as an answer to the question 'nerede?' (where?)
- Dün gece nerede kaldım? Where did i stay last night?
- Dün gece evde kaldım. I stayed at home last night.
2. Indicating the time
The noun in the locative case can be found as an answer to the question 'ne zaman?' (when?)
- Okullar ne zaman açılacak? When the schools are going to open?
- Okullar 2 Eylül'de açılacak. The schools are going to open on 2 September.
3. Indicating the abstract concept
The noun in the locative case can be found as an answer to the question 'ne?' (what?)
- Televizyonda ne var? What is on the television?
- Televizyonda ünlü bir film var. There is a famous film on the television.
Declension of nouns in the locative form
The locative form is formed while adding the suffix -de or -da to the noun. The suffix '-da' is used when the last vowel is one of the following: '-a, -ı, -o, -u'
- Okul (school) + ‘-de’: okulda (at school) -> the last vowel is ‘-u’
- Saha (field) + '-de': sahada (at field) -> the last vowel is '-a'
When the noun is ending with the letters "p, ç, t, k, s, ş, h, f", -de/-da becomes -te/-ta.
Examples of the -de/-da change to -te/-ta
Sepet (basket) + ‘-de’: sepette (in the basket) -> the noun ends with ‘-t’.
Ağaç (tree) + ‘-de’: ağaçta (in the tree) -> the noun ends with '-ç'
Personal pronouns in the Locative Case
Personal pronouns in the locative case are formed by adding the '-de, -da' suffixes to pronouns.
- Kalemim nerede kalmış? Where did i leave my pencil?
- Kalemim onda kalmış. I left my pencil on her.
|Personal Pronoun||Locative Case|
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Merhaba, hi, salut, مرحبا Turkish lessons with a ''Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language''(TÖMER) certified teacher... who has 8 years of experience. Cours de Turc, Français et Anglais avec un professeur turc agréé de TÖMER ayant 8 and d'expérience Yabancı Dil Olarak Türkçe Öğretimi sertifikalı 8 yıl tecrübeli öğretmenden Türkçe dersleri. المعلم التركي من ذوي الخبرة Cours de français avec un professeur de français ayant 8 and d'expérience. French lessons with a professional FLE certified teacher who has 8 years of experience.. 8 yıl tecrübeli fransızca öğretmeniyle Fransızca ve İngilizce dersleri. I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years. In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks. I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. Görüşürüz Qualifications & Experience 2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School 2004 - 2010 Marmara University Teaching French Second Language 2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings. 2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy 2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara. 2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face Tutoring 2017 - University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certification Certificates : University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certification YDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100 ( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM) YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more
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