Turkish sentence structure and phrases
The word order in Turkish is flexible. The most common word order that is used in the Turkish sentences is: 'Subject - Object - Verb' . So, the subject is generally used at the beginning and the verb at the end.
Turkish word order
In Turkish, one sentence can be written in different word orders. The most common word order that is used in the Turkish sentences is: 'Subject - Object - Verb' .
Subject + Object + Verb
- Onlar eve geldi. (They came home.)
- Annem seni arıyor. (My mother is calling you.)
Negatives in Turkish
A negative sentence defines that something is incorrect. Different words are used to express the negative in Turkish: 'değil' (not), yok (there is/are not) and the suffix -me or -ma
- Okulda değilim. ( I am not at school.)
- Kitaplar burada yok. (There aren't books here.)
- Biz İspanya'ya gitmedik.(We didn't go to Spain.)
Conditionals in Turkish
Conditional sentences are formed by adding the word 'eğer' (if) to the beginning of the sentence and the suffixes -(y)se/-(y)sa to the verb root. The word 'eğer' can be omitted because the suffix -(y)se gives the same meaning.
Verb root + tense + 'if+personal suffix'
- (Eğer) gelirsem sana haber vereceğim. (If I come, I will let you know.)
- (Eğer) öğrenirsen, bana da öğreteceksin. ( If you learn, you will teach me.)
Conjunctions in Turkish
Conjunctions are the linking words that are used to connect words, phrases or sentences. The main Turkish conjunctions are : ve/ile (and), çünkü (because), de (and/too/but), veya (or), bu yüzden (so)...
- Cumartesi ve pazar boşum. (I am free on Saturday and Sunday.)
- Erken gelemedi çünkü trafik vardı. (She could't come early because there was traffic.)
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I teach: Turkish, English
Hello from Turkey,I am native Turkish speaker from the south of Turkey. I graduated from departmant of science teacher at Cukurova... University. Teaching is significant and enjoyable for me because I like to learn new things with right sources so I care to teach. When I was student I worked at study center course and I teached english to children. and I teached at homes. I like to learn new cultures, languages, music... I love to nature so I love to taking natural photographs. This is my hobby.In my opinion teaching mustn't be boring and serious. We should have fun when we teach so I am waiting you for learn efficient and enjoyable. Read more
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I teach: English, French, Turkish
Merhaba, hi, salut :) I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of... Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years.In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks.I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. GörüşürüzQualifications & Experience2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School2004 - 2010 Marmara University French Language Teaching2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings.2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara.2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face TutoringCertificates :YDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM)YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more