• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • The usage of the capital letters in Turkish is generally the same as in English.

    How to use capital letters

    Capital letters should be used in the following cases:

    1. Beginning of a sentence

    Every sentence starts with a capital letter.

    Examples:

    • Eve gidiyorum. (I am going home.)
    • Sen neredesin? (Where are you?)

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    2. Proper nouns

    All proper nouns begin with capital letters. (Human, language, planet, region, instituation names...)

    Examples:

    • Ebru İtalyanca öğrenmek istiyor. (Ebru wants to learn Italian.)
    • Bugün Ege bölgesi yağışlı. (The Ege region is rainy today.)
    • Arkadaşım İstanbul Üniversitesi mezunu. (My friend graduated from İstanbul University.)

    3. Certain dates

    The names of the months and days of the week are not capitalized except when they indicate a specific date.

    Examples:

    • Düğün cumartesi günü. (The wedding is on Saturday.)
    • Düğün eylülde. (The wedding is in September.)
    • Düğün 25 Eylül Cumartesi günü. (The wedding is on Saturday, 25th September)

    4. Family relations

    The words that indicate family relations don't start with capital letters.

    Examples:

    • Selin teyze (Aunt Selin)
    • Ahmet amca (Uncle Ahmet)
    • Ali dede (Grandfather Ali)

    5. Conjunctions in the titles

    In the titles of books, newspapers, films, magazines etc., the following words are not start with capital letters: 've (and), with (ile), veya (or), mi, ki.

    Examples:

    • Suç ve Ceza (Crime and Punishment)
    • Savaş ve Barış (War and Peace)

    6. Sentence after a colon or triple dot

    If the sentences end with the colons(:) or triple dot(...), the following sentence starts with a capital letter.

    Example dialogue:

    • Durdu ve şöyle dedi: Toplantıya katılmayacağım.
    • He stopped and said: I won't join the meeting.

    7. Indication of an address

     In letters and official correspondences, addresses begin with the capital letters.

    Examples:

    • Değerli Dinleyiciler (Respectable listeners)
    • Sevgili Arkadaşım (My dear friend)