• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Causative verbs are verbs that explain how a person or a thing makes something happen (verbs with an obligated indirect object like to make something, to get something,...). In Turkish, a causative verb is formed by adding a specific suffix to the verb.

    The causative verb form

    The causative verbs are formed by adding the causative suffix after the verb root according to the vowel harmony rules:

    enlightenedVerb root + causative suffix + 'mek/mak'

    Causative suffixes Verb Causative verb form
    -it, -ıt, -üt, -ut korkmak (to be afraid) korkutmak (to scare someone)
    -ir, -ır, -ür, -ur pişmek (to cook) pişirmek (to cook something)
    -er, -ar gitmek (to go) gidermek (to remove something)
    -t anlamak (to understand) anlatmak (to make someone understand)
    -dir, -dır, -dür, -dur, -tir, -tır, -tür, -tur gülmek (to laugh) güldürmek (to make someone laugh)

     

    Uses of the causative suffix

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    1. Forming the transitive verb starting from an intransitive verb

    The causative suffix is used to form the transitive verbs (that takes an object) from the intransitive verbs (that take no object).

    Intransitive verb Transitive verb
    ölmek (to die) öldürmek (to kill)
    durmak (to stop) durdurmak (to stop something/someone)
    bakmak (to look) baktırmak (to cause to look)

     

    • Intransitive : Kuş öl. ->The bird is dead. (no object)
    • Transitive: O kuşu öldürdü. ->He killed the bird. ('kuşu: the bird' is the object)

     

    • Intransitive: Araba durdu. -> The car stopped. (no object)
    • TransitiveBabam arabayı durdurdu. -> My father stopped the car. ('arabayı: the car' is the object)

     

    • Intransitive: O bize baktı. ->He looked at us. (no object)
    • Transitive: O Ayşe'yi bize baktırdı. -> He made Ayşe to looked at us. ('Ayşe'yi' is the object)

    2. Saying "to get" and "to make" in Turkish

    Active verb Causative verb
    temizlemek (to clean) temizletmek (get someone to clean)
    silmek (to erase) sildirmek (make someone erase something)
    koşmak (to run) koşturmak (make someone run)

     

    • Evi temizleyeceğim. (I will clean the house.) -> Anneme evi temizleteceğim. (I will get my mother to clean the house.)
    • Onlar yazıyı silecekler. (They will erase the article.) -> Onlara yazıyı sildirecek. (He will make them erase the article.)
    • Atlar koşuyor. (The horses are running.) -> Jokey atları koşturuyor. (The jockey make the horses run.)