Turkish postpositions with the dative case
There are 5 postpositions which take the dative case:
|doğru||towards||evine doğru (towards her house)|
|göre||according to/compared with||bana göre (according to me)|
|kadar||until/as far as||öğlene kadar (until noon)|
|karşı||against/facing||bana karşı (against me)|
|rağmen or karşın||in spite of/despite||sıcağa rağmen (in spite of the hot)|
Meaning of the postpositions
Postpositions with the dative case can have more than one meaning.
The postposition 'doğru' generally means 'towards' and used for indicate the time or place.
- Denize doğru yürüyoruz. (We are walking towards the sea.)
- Hava akşama doğru soğuktu. (The weather was cold towards the evening.)
Göre (according to/compared with)
The postposition 'göre' is used to show conformity, comparison or relevance.
- Haberlere göre ekonomi durgun. (According to the news, the economy is stagnant.)
- Belçika Türkiye'ye göre küçük. (Belgium is small compared with Turkey.)
- Bu okul tam sana göre. (This school is right for you.)
Kadar (until, as far as)
When used with a dative case complement, the postposition 'kadar' indicates the time or distance.
Note: The pronoun 'kadar' is also used with the non-case marked to show a comparison. So, it shouldn't be confused with the dative case.
- Saat ikiye kadar bekleyecekler. (They will wait until two o'clock.)
- Ödevim yarına kadar bitecek. (My homework will be finished until tomorrow.)
- Almanya'ya kadar gidemedik. (We weren't able to get as far as Germany.)
The postposition 'karşı' has the meaning 'against' or 'facing' to somewhere.
- Duvara karşı yaslanma. (Don't lean against the wall.)
- Yatağı kapıya karşı bir yere taşıdı. (She carried the bed somewhere facing the door.)
Rağmen / karşın (instead of/despite )
The postposition 'rağmen' or 'karşın' is used to show a opposition.
- Kara rağmen dışarı çıktı. (She went out instead of the snow.)
- Havaya rağmen haftasonunun keyfini çıkardı. (She enjoyed the weekend despite the weather.)
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