• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • There are 5 postpositions which take the dative case:

    Postposition English meaning Example
    doğru towards evine doğru (towards her house)
    göre according to/compared with bana göre (according to me)
    kadar until/as far as öğlene kadar (until noon)
    karşı against/facing bana karşı (against me)
    rağmen or karşın in spite of/despite sıcağa rağmen (in spite of the hot)

     

    Meaning of the postpositions

    Postpositions with the dative case can have more than one meaning.

    Doğru (towards)

    The postposition 'doğru' generally means 'towards' and used for indicate the time or place.

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    Examples

    • Denize doğru yürüyoruz. (We are walking towards the sea.)
    • Hava akşama doğru soğuktu. (The weather was cold towards the evening.)

    Göre (according to/compared with)

    The postposition 'göre' is used to show conformity, comparison or relevance.

    Examples

    • Haberlere göre ekonomi durgun. (According to the news, the economy is stagnant.)
    • Belçika Türkiye'ye göre küçük. (Belgium is small compared with Turkey.)
    • Bu okul tam sana göre. (This school is right for you.)

    Kadar (until, as far as)

    When used with a dative case complement, the postposition 'kadar' indicates the time or distance. 

    Note: The pronoun 'kadar' is also used with the non-case marked to show a comparison. So, it shouldn't be confused with the dative case.

    Examples

    • Saat ikiye kadar bekleyecekler. (They will wait until two o'clock.)
    • Ödevim yarına kadar bitecek. (My homework will be finished until tomorrow.)
    • Almanya'ya kadar gidemedik. (We weren't able to get as far as Germany.)

    Karşı (against/facing)

    The postposition 'karşı' has the meaning 'against' or 'facing' to somewhere.

    Examples

    • Duvara karşı yaslanma. (Don't lean against the wall.)
    • Yatağı kapıya karşı bir yere taşıdı. (She carried the bed somewhere facing the door.)

    Rağmen / karşın (instead of/despite )

    The postposition 'rağmen' or 'karşın' is used to show a opposition.

    Examples

    • Kara rağmen dışarı çıktı. (She went out instead of the snow.)
    • Havaya rağmen haftasonunun keyfini çıkardı. (She enjoyed the weekend despite the weather.)