Accusative case in Turkish
The noun that is affected by the action of a verb is changed to the accusative case. The accusative case is formed by adding the "-i, -ı, -u and -ü" suffixes to the noun depending on the last vowel of the noun.
- 1.When to use the accusative case?
- 1.1.Examples with 'Neyi?' (what?)
- 1.2.Example with 'Kimi?' (who?)
- 1.3.Declension of the nouns in the accusative form
- 1.4.Adding ‘-y’ to the nouns
- 1.5.Difference between the possessive and the accusative suffix
- 1.5.1.Example with the accusative suffix
- 1.6.Pronouns in the accusative case
When to use the accusative case?
The accusative case signs the definite object of a verb. The accusative case can be found as an answer to the questions ‘kimi?’ (who?) and ‘neyi?’ (what?)
Examples with 'Neyi?' (what?)
Neyi açtı? What did she open?
Buzdolabını açtı. She opened the fridge.
Neyi özledi? What did he miss?
Okulu özledi. He missed the school.
Example with 'Kimi?' (who?)
- Yarın kimi arayacağım? Who will I call tomorrow?
Seni yarın arayacağım. I will call you tomorrow.
Declension of the nouns in the accusative form
The noun's ending are changed to '-i', '-ı', '-u' or '-ü' according to the last vowel of the noun.
|Last vowel||Replace '-i' with|
|ı or a||-ı|
|e or i||-i|
|o or u||-u|
|ö or ü||-ü|
- Telefon (telephone) + ‘-i’ (accusative suffix): Telefonu (the phone) -> the last vowel was ‘-o’
- Çatal (fork) + ‘-ı’ (accusative suffix): Çatalı (the fork) -> the last vowel was ‘-a’
Adding ‘-y’ to the nouns
When the noun is ending with a vowel, then "y" is added between the noun and the case suffix.
- Oda (Room)
Oda + ı = Odayı
- Meyve (Fruit)
Meyve + i =Meyveyi
Difference between the possessive and the accusative suffix
The Turkish language has two kinds of -i suffixes.These are the possessive suffix (iyelik eki) and the accusative suffix (belirtme hal eki). The accusative case should not be confused with the third person's possession. The suffixes which indicates the object that belong to a person or object are called possessive suffixes. It can be found as an answer to the question ‘kimin?’ (whose?)
Example with the accusative suffix
- Neyi gördüm? What did i see?
Odayı gördüm. I saw the room.
Example with the possessive suffix
- Kimin odası boştu? Whose room was empty?
Onun odası boştu. Her room was empty.
Pronouns in the accusative case
Personal pronouns in the accusative case are formed by adding the '-i' suffixes.
- Kimi aramadın? Who didn't you call?
- Beni aramadın. You didn't call me.
|Personal pronoun||Accusative form|
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Hello Turkish Learners! I am a professional Turkish Teacher and a translator with a master degree.I have visited so many countries to research... cultures and Turkish Dialects. Since I was a child, my dream was to travel to Asia and learn all the other Turkish Languages such as Kyrgyz Turkish, Kazak Turkish, Tatar Turkish, Tuva Turkish) as well as to research the similarities and differences between Modern Turkish and other Turkish languages. In the past, I worked as a lecturer in the School of Foreign Languages of Turkish Education at Kyrgyzstan Turkey Manas University for 3 years. During my appointment, I have taught all levels of Modern Turkish to the students who are from different nationalities such as Americans, Russians, English, German, Kazaks, Kyrgyz, Tatars, Mongol, Tuvas, Uighur Turk. I am also very fluent in Kyrgyz Turkish and Kazak Turkish. Currently, I am living in Turkey.I believe that with my experiences and love for languages, I can surely help you to speak up. As a patient and concise teacher, I: - develop and implement individual lesson plans for structured and conversational sessions. - use a variety of written and audio materials, primarily Elementary Turkish in 2 Volumes by Kurtuluş Öztopçu.- assign homework and provide regular feedback to students. - clarify complex grammar questions through examples from everyday conversations-make the language learning process less theoretical and more practical. Let me know your motivations and needs, and I will prepare an individual lesson plan for you.Just dream,you can learn language easily!Aysegul Read more
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