Accusative case in Turkish
The noun that is affected by the action of a verb is changed to the accusative case. The accusative case is formed by adding the "-i, -ı, -u and -ü" suffixes to the noun depending on the last vowel of the noun.
- 1.When to use the accusative case?
- 1.1.Examples with 'Neyi?' (what?)
- 1.2.Example with 'Kimi?' (who?)
- 1.3.Declension of the nouns in the accusative form
- 1.4.Adding ‘-y’ to the nouns
- 1.5.Difference between the possessive and the accusative suffix
- 1.5.1.Example with the accusative suffix
- 1.6.Pronouns in the accusative case
When to use the accusative case?
The accusative case signs the definite object of a verb. The accusative case can be found as an answer to the questions ‘kimi?’ (who?) and ‘neyi?’ (what?)
Examples with 'Neyi?' (what?)
Neyi açtı? What did she open?
Buzdolabını açtı. She opened the fridge.
Neyi özledi? What did he miss?
Okulu özledi. He missed the school.
Example with 'Kimi?' (who?)
- Yarın kimi arayacağım? Who will I call tomorrow?
Seni yarın arayacağım. I will call you tomorrow.
Declension of the nouns in the accusative form
The noun's ending are changed to '-i', '-ı', '-u' or '-ü' according to the last vowel of the noun.
|Last vowel||Replace '-i' with|
|ı or a||-ı|
|e or i||-i|
|o or u||-u|
|ö or ü||-ü|
- Telefon (telephone) + ‘-i’ (accusative suffix): Telefonu (the phone) -> the last vowel was ‘-o’
- Çatal (fork) + ‘-ı’ (accusative suffix): Çatalı (the fork) -> the last vowel was ‘-a’
Adding ‘-y’ to the nouns
When the noun is ending with a vowel, then "y" is added between the noun and the case suffix.
- Oda (Room)
Oda + ı = Odayı
- Meyve (Fruit)
Meyve + i =Meyveyi
Difference between the possessive and the accusative suffix
The Turkish language has two kinds of -i suffixes.These are the possessive suffix (iyelik eki) and the accusative suffix (belirtme hal eki). The accusative case should not be confused with the third person's possession. The suffixes which indicates the object that belong to a person or object are called possessive suffixes. It can be found as an answer to the question ‘kimin?’ (whose?)
Example with the accusative suffix
- Neyi gördüm? What did i see?
Odayı gördüm. I saw the room.
Example with the possessive suffix
- Kimin odası boştu? Whose room was empty?
Onun odası boştu. Her room was empty.
Pronouns in the accusative case
Personal pronouns in the accusative case are formed by adding the '-i' suffixes.
- Kimi aramadın? Who didn't you call?
- Beni aramadın. You didn't call me.
|Personal pronoun||Accusative form|
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TÖMER Experienced Teacher - Prof Expérimenté - المعلم التركي من ذوي الخبرة
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Merhaba, hi, salut, مرحباTurkish lessons with a ''Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language''(TÖMER) certified teacher... who has 8 years of experience.Cours de Turc avec un professeur turc agréé de TÖMER ayant 8 and d'expérienceYabancı Dil Olarak Türkçe Öğretimi sertifikalı 8 yıl tecrübeli öğretmenden Türkçe dersleri.المعلم التركي من ذوي الخبرةCours de français avec un professeur de français ayant 8 and d'expérience.French lessons with a professional FLE certified teacher who has 8 years of experience..8 yıl tecrübeli fransızca öğretmeniyle fransızca dersleri I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years.In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks.I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. GörüşürüzQualifications & Experience2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School2004 - 2010 Marmara University Teaching French Second Language 2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings.2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara.2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face Tutoring2017 - University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certificationCertificates :University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certificationYDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM)YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more
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Hello from Turkey,I am native Turkish speaker from the south of Turkey. I graduated from departmant of science teacher at Cukurova... University. Teaching is significant and enjoyable for me because I like to learn new things with right sources so I care to teach. When I was student I worked at study center course and I teached english to children. and I teached at homes. I like to learn new cultures, languages, music... I love to nature so I love to taking natural photographs. This is my hobby.In my opinion teaching mustn't be boring and serious. We should have fun when we teach so I am waiting you for learn efficient and enjoyable. Read more
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I teach: English, Russian, Turkish
Russian language. I will teach you according to your needs. Have 1 year experience in teaching Russian language as a second language from... zero level to fluent conversation.I am keen on Russian classical literature, poetry and I write poems as well.My favourite category of students are beginners with flame in their eyes and desire to learn our beautiful and reach language. I will help with pleasure. English language. I worked with adults who planned to travel abroad and had to learn colloquial English language during several months.I have my own methodology for beginners and it doesn’t matter what is your mother tongue. I make accent on communicative part and use knowledges from different fields and cultures. Turkish language. I was working in Turkey during 4 years. In general I used colloquial Turkish language. Plus to it I has been writing articles in Turkish for a web site and a magazine. Жила и работала 4 года в Турции. В основном использовался разговорный язык. Помимо этого писала статьи на турецком для Сайта и журнала. Read more