• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • The adverbs of time indicate the time of an action and can be found as an answer to the question 'when? (ne zaman?)

    Example dialogues:

    • Arkadaşların ne zaman geldiler? (When did your friends come?) 
    • Arkadaşlarım dün geldiler. (My friends came yesterday.)

     

    • İstanbul'a ne zaman gideceksin? (When will you go to İstanbul?) 
    • Haftaya İstanbul'a gideceğim. (I will go to İstanbul next week.)

    List of adverbs of time

    Zaman zarfları Adverbs of time
    sabah (in the) morning
    öğlen at noon/midday
    akşam (in the) evening
    bugün today
    şimdi now
    yarın tomorrow
    dün yesterday
    haftaya next week
    yakında soon

     

    When to use the adverbs of time

    Adverbs of time are used to show:

    1. Repeated time locations
    2. Frequency
    3. Duration of an event

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    1. Repeated time locations

    The suffix '-leri /-ları' is added to the name of the day or parts of the day to indicate that a case occurs regularly.

    Examples

    • Akşamları bir elma yer. (She eats an apple in the evening.)
    • Cumartesileri işe gelmez. (On saturdays he doesn't come to work.)

    enlightenedNote: Also 'her' (every) can be used with the name of the day or parts of the day.

    • Her sabah (sabahları) annemi ararım. (I call my mother every morning.)
    • Her pazartesi (pazartesileri) erken kalkar. (She wakes up early every Monday.)

    2. Frequency

    The table shows the adverbs that are used to express frequency.

    Zaman zarfları Adverbs of time Examples
    Hep / her zaman always

    Her zaman süt içerim. (I always drink milk)

    Genellikle  usually

    Genellikle evde pişirir. (She usually cook at home)

    Haftada bir once a week

    Haftada bir yüzmeye gider. (She goes to swimming once a week.)

    Bazen  sometimes

    Bazen İzmir'e giderim. (I sometimes go to İzmir.)

    Sık sık often

    Sık sık annesine yardım eder. (She often helps her mother.)

    3. Duration of an event

    Adverbs of time can be used with a specific and general period of time or the starting point of events.

    Examples

    • On gün seyehat edecek. (She will travel for ten days.)
    • Bizimle üç gün buluştu. (She met with us for three days.)
    • Seni bir saattir arıyorum. (I've been calling you for one hour.)