Adverbs of manner in Turkish (-ce, -ca suffix)
Some Turkish adverbs are formed by adding the suffix forms of ‘-ce and -ca’ to the adjective according to the vowel harmony rules. These adverbs are called the 'adverbs of manner.' Turkish adverbs of manner are formed by adding the suffix forms of '-ce' while in English adverbs are formed by adding the suffix '-ly' to the adjectives,
- Zeki (clever) + -ce suffix : zekice (cleverly)
List of some adverbs of manner
|Adjectives||Durum zarfları||Adverbs of manner|
Position of adverbs of manner
The adverbs of manner are used before the verb and complete the meaning of the verbs in terms of the manner. It can be found as an answer to the question 'nasıl?' (how?)
- Nasıl konuştu? (How did he talk?)
- Yavaşça konuştu. (He talked slowly.)
- Nasıl ayrıldı? (How did he le left?)
- Evden hızlıca ayrıldı. (He left from house quickly.)
- Beni nasıl bekleyecekler? (How will they wait for me?)
- Seni güzelce bekleyekler. (They will wait for you nicely.)
- Burası nasıl? (How is here?)
- Burası evim gibi değil. (Here is not like my home.)
Formation of adverbs of manner with the -ce and -ca suffixes
Some Turkish adverbs are formed by adding the suffix ‘-ce’ or '-ca' suffixes to the adjective.
When the word ends with one of the letters “ f, s, t, k, ç, ş, h, p” the suffix –ce changes with the -çe and when the word's last vowel is one of the letters 'a, ı , o , u' the suffix -ce changes with the -ca.
|yavaş (slow)||yavaşça (slowly)|
|kolay (easy)||kolayca (easily)|
|sessiz (quiet)||sessizce (quietly)|
'Bir biçimde' or 'Bir şekilde'
The suffix '-ce' cannot be used for every adjective. The word 'bir biçimde' (in a way) that has the same meaning as the suffix '-ce' is sometimes used instead of the suffix '-ce' .
- Üzücü bir biçimde ağlıyordu. He was crying in a sad way (sadly).
- Sempatik bir şekilde konuşuyor. She speaks sympathetically (in a sympayhic way).
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Learn Turkish with me
I teach: English, Italian, Turkish
I give some homework and prepare some documents. my learning system is depending on student's level. Let's learn Turkish
Keyifli ve verimli dil dersleri... :)
I teach: Turkish, English
Hello from Turkey,I am native Turkish speaker from the south of Turkey. I graduated from departmant of science teacher at Cukurova... University. Teaching is significant and enjoyable for me because I like to learn new things with right sources so I care to teach. When I was student I worked at study center course and I teached english to children. and I teached at homes. I like to learn new cultures, languages, music... I love to nature so I love to taking natural photographs. This is my hobby.In my opinion teaching mustn't be boring and serious. We should have fun when we teach so I am waiting you for learn efficient and enjoyable. Read more
Experienced Teacher - Prof Expérimenté
I teach: English, French, Turkish
Merhaba, hi, salut :) I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of... Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years.In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks.I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. GörüşürüzQualifications & Experience2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School2004 - 2010 Marmara University French Language Teaching2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings.2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara.2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face TutoringCertificates :YDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM)YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more