Some Turkish adverbs are formed by adding the suffix forms of ‘-ce and -ca’ to the adjective according to the vowel harmony rules. These adverbs are called the 'adverbs of manner.' Turkish adverbs of manner are formed by adding the suffix forms of '-ce' while in English adverbs are formed by adding the suffix '-ly' to the adjectives,
|Adjectives||Durum zarfları||Adverbs of manner|
The adverbs of manner are used before the verb and complete the meaning of the verbs in terms of the manner. It can be found as an answer to the question 'nasıl?' (how?)
Some Turkish adverbs are formed by adding the suffix ‘-ce’ or '-ca' suffixes to the adjective.
When the word ends with one of the letters “ f, s, t, k, ç, ş, h, p” the suffix –ce changes with the -çe and when the word's last vowel is one of the letters 'a, ı , o , u' the suffix -ce changes with the -ca.
|yavaş (slow)||yavaşça (slowly)|
|kolay (easy)||kolayca (easily)|
|sessiz (quiet)||sessizce (quietly)|
The suffix '-ce' cannot be used for every adjective. The word 'bir biçimde' (in a way) that has the same meaning as the suffix '-ce' is sometimes used instead of the suffix '-ce' .
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