Turkish word order
The word order in Turkish is flexible. One sentence can be written in different word orders.
Flexible word order
In Turkish, one sentence can be written in different word orders. All of the sentences below have the same meaning but the placement of the stress is different. The first sentence shows the neutral word order (subject-object-verb) and the stress is on ‘eve’.
Example: ‘Melis eve geldi'. (Melis came home):
- Melis eve geldi. (Melis- home -came)
- Melis geldi eve. (Melis -came -home)
- Eve Melis geldi. (Home – Melis – came)
- Eve geldi Melis. (Home – came -Melis)
- Geldi Melis eve. (Came- Melis – home)
- Geldi eve Melis. (Came – home -Melis)
Neutral word order
The most common word order that is used in the Turkish sentences is: 'Subject - Object - Verb' Generally, the verb takes a place at the end, but it can be anywhere in the sentence.
Subject + Object + Verb
- Subject: who performs the action
- Object: words that show a place, time etc.
- Verb: with the personal and tense suffixes
|Subject||Object||Verb||Turkish sentence with neutral word order||Translation|
|Ben (I am)||kitap (a book)||okuyorum (reading)||Ben kitap okuyorum.||I am reading a book.|
|Sen (You)||bugün (today)kahve (coffee)||içmedin (didn't drink)||Sen bugün kahve içmedin.||You didn't drink coffee today.|
Omission of personal pronouns
The Turkish personal pronouns are generally omitted because the person is mentioned in the adjective declension or the verb conjugation.
- Biz mutluyuz. = Mutluyuz. (We are happy.)
- Sen beni arıyorsun. = Beni arıyorsun. (You are calling me.)
The position of adverbs
1. Adverbs of manner
Adverbs of manner are the words that show how the act is done and usually placed before the verb.
- Sen hızlı koşuyorsun. (You are running fast.)
- Soruları zekice cevapladı. (He answered the questions cleverly.)
2. Adverbs of place
Adverbs of place are generally placed before the verb. Unlike adverbs of manner, adverbs of place can take place in different parts of a sentence.
- Annem içeride bekliyor. (My mother is waiting inside.)
- İçeride annem bekliyor. (My mother is waiting inside.)
3.Adverbs of time
Adverbs of time usually placed at the beginning if the subject does not used in the sentence.
- (Ben) Her sabah süt içiyorum. (I am drinking milk every morning.)
- (O) Yarın İzmir'e gidecek. (She will go to İzmir tomorrow.)
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Merhaba, hi, salut :) I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of... Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years.In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks.I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. GörüşürüzQualifications & Experience2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School2004 - 2010 Marmara University French Language Teaching2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings.2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara.2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face TutoringCertificates :YDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM)YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more