• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Future tense in Turkish (gelecek zaman)

    Exercises

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    1. Multiple choice exercise on the future tense Score -/-
    2. Fill in the blanks exercise about the future tense Score -/-

    The future tense shows what will happen in the future. The future tense is called as 'gelecek zaman' in Turkish. The future tense suffixes are '-(y)ecek' (most common) or  '-(y)acak' depending on the vowel harmony rules.

    How to form the future tense

    The 3 forms of the future tense are:

    • Positive form
    • Negative form
    • Question form

    Positive form

    According to the last vowel in the verb root, one of the following suffixes '-(y)ecek' / '(y)-acak' is added to the verb root and then the personal suffix is added.

    enlightenedVerb root + -(y)ecek/-(y)acak + personal suffix

    Last vowel of the verb root -> a/ı/o/u e/i/ö/ü
    Add the suffix -> -acak -ecek

     

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    Examples

    • Yaz (write) -> Babam iki kağıt yazacak. (My father will write two papers.)
    • Al (buy) -> Sana elbise alacaklar. (They will buy you a dress.)
    • Gül (laugh) -> Sen güleceksin. (You will laugh.)
    • S (choose) -> Seyehat için Belçika'yı seçecek. (She will choose Belgium for visiting.)

    enlightened When the last letter of the verb root is a vowel, the letter 'y' that is shown in the brackets is added before the suffix '-ecek' or '-acak'

    Examples

    • Başla (start) -> Onlar yarın başlayacaklar. (They will start tomorrow.)
    • İzle (watch) -> Kardeşim çizgi film izleyecek. (My sister will watch a cartoon.)

    Negative form

    The negative suffix '-meyecek' or '-mayacak' is added to the verb root according to the vowel harmony rules and then the personal suffix is added.

    enlightenedVerb root + -meyecek/-mayacak + personal suffix

    Last vowel of the verb root -> a/ı/o/u e/i/ö/ü
    Add the suffix -> -mayacak -meyecek

     

    Examples

    • Yaz (write) -> Babam iki kağıt yazmayacak. (My father will not write two papers.)
    • Al (buy) -> Sana elbise almayacaklar. (They will not buy you a dress.)
    • Gül (laugh) -> Sen gülmeyeceksin. (You will not laugh.)
    • Seç (choose) -> Seyehat için Belçika'yı seçmeyecek. (She will not choose Belgium for visiting.)

    Question form

    According to the verb's last vowel, one of the "-mı, -mi," is added after the future suffix and before the personal suffix.

    enlightenedVerb root + -(y)ecek/-(y)acak + -mı/-mi + personal suffix

    Last vowel of the verb root -> a/ı/o/u e/i/ö/ü
    Add the suffix -> -mı -mi

     

    Examples

    • Yaz (write) -> Babam iki kağıt yazacak ? (Will my father write two papers?)
    • Al (buy) -> Sana elbise alacak ? (Will they buy you a dress?)
    • Gül (laugh) -> Sen gülecek misin? (Will you laugh?)
    • Seç (choose) -> Seyehat için Belçika'yı seçecek misin? (Will you choose Belgium for visiting?)