An adjective is a word that is used in front of the nouns for describe them such as color, shape, property, number and so on.
The most common adjectives in the Turkish language and the opposite forms of the adjectives are indicated below.
|Turkish||English||Turkish opposite||English opposite|
Turkish adjectives are always placed before the noun. Unlike the English language, there is no specific order in terms of the position of the adjectives before the noun.
The word 'bir' is used as the number ‘one’ and as the indefinite article ‘a’ or ‘an.’ When the indefinite article and one or more adjectives modify one noun, the adjective comes first, and the indefinite article follows it.
|bir kedi||a cat/one cat|
|küçük kedi||(the) little cat|
|çok küçük bir kedi||a very little cat|
|küçük ve güzel bir kedi||a little and pretty cat|
Specific types of nouns are also used as adjectives:
Nouns that indicate the gender can be used as an adjective.
Nouns that indicate the occupation or person of a certain profession can be used as an adjective.
Nouns that indicate a person of a nationality can be used as an adjective.
Comparatives and superlatives are used for indicating the degrees of adjectives.
The adverb 'daha' (more) is used before the adjective to show comparative of it.
The adverb 'daha az' (less) is used before the adjective for the expression of something less.
The adverb 'en' (most) is used before the adjective to show the highest degree of the quality.
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