An adjective is a word that is used in front of the nouns for describe them such as color, shape, property, number and so on.
- 1.General rules on the use of adjectives in Turkish
- 2.List of Turkish adjectives
- 3.Position of adjectives in Turkish
- 4.Indefinite article with adjectives
- 5.Nouns used as adjectives
- 5.1.Nouns indicating gender
- 5.2.Nouns indicating occupation
- 5.3.Nouns indicating a nationality
- 6.Degrees of adjectives
General rules on the use of adjectives in Turkish
- The adjective is always stable and never conjugated.
- There is no masculine, feminine and neuter form of the adjectives in the Turkish language.
- Adjectives never get plural suffixes. (ler/lar)
- Adjectives come before the noun.
- Adjectives can be formed from both nouns or verbs as in English.
List of Turkish adjectives
The most common adjectives in the Turkish language and the opposite forms of the adjectives are indicated below.
|Turkish||English||Turkish opposite||English opposite|
- Yaşlı kadın yorgun gözüküyor. (The old woman looks tired.)
- Küçük ev bize daha uygun. (The small house is more suitable for us.)
- Yeni oda nasıl? (How is the new room?)
- Kitapta zor sorular var. (There are difficult questions in the book.)
Position of adjectives in Turkish
Turkish adjectives are always placed before the noun. Unlike the English language, there is no specific order in terms of the position of the adjectives before the noun.
- the red old car ≠ the old red car
- kırmızı eski araba = eski kırmızı araba
Indefinite article with adjectives
The word 'bir' is used as the number ‘one’ and as the indefinite article ‘a’ or ‘an.’ When the indefinite article and one or more adjectives modify one noun, the adjective comes first, and the indefinite article follows it.
|bir kedi||a cat/one cat|
|küçük kedi||(the) little cat|
|çok küçük bir kedi||a very little cat|
|küçük ve güzel bir kedi||a little and pretty cat|
Nouns used as adjectives
Specific types of nouns are also used as adjectives:
1. Nouns indicating gender
Nouns that indicate the gender can be used as an adjective.
- Erkek asistan çok mutlu. (The male assistant is very happy.)
- Kadın öğretmen sınıfa gelmedi. (The female teacher didn't come to class.)
2. Nouns indicating occupation
Nouns that indicate the occupation or person of a certain profession can be used as an adjective.
- Ressam kız çok geç kaldı. (The girl who is a painter is late.)
- Gazeteci adam nerede? (Where is the man who is journalist?)
3. Nouns indicating a nationality
Nouns that indicate a person of a nationality can be used as an adjective.
- Bunu İngiliz ressam yaptı. (The English painter did this.)
- Türk kadınlar bunu bilmiyor. (Turkish women doesn't know this.)
Degrees of adjectives
Comparatives and superlatives are used for indicating the degrees of adjectives.
The adverb 'daha' (more) is used before the adjective to show comparative of it.
- Bu çanta daha ağır. (This bag is heavier.)
- Arkadaşım daha çalışkan. (My friend is more hardworking.)
The adverb 'daha az' (less) is used before the adjective for the expression of something less.
- Bu çanta daha az ağır. (This bag is less heavy.)
- Arkadaşım daha az çalışkan. (My friend is less hardworking.)
The adverb 'en' (most) is used before the adjective to show the highest degree of the quality.
- Gördüğüm en zeki insan. (She is the most clever person ı've ever seen.)
- Sınıfın en hızlısı kim? (Who is the fastest in the class?)
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TÖMER Experienced Teacher - Prof Expérimenté - المعلم التركي من ذوي الخبرة
I teach: English, French, Turkish
Merhaba, hi, salut, مرحباTurkish lessons with a ''Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language''(TÖMER) certified teacher... who has 8 years of experience.Cours de Turc avec un professeur turc agréé de TÖMER ayant 8 and d'expérienceYabancı Dil Olarak Türkçe Öğretimi sertifikalı 8 yıl tecrübeli öğretmenden Türkçe dersleri.المعلم التركي من ذوي الخبرةCours de français avec un professeur de français ayant 8 and d'expérience.French lessons with a professional FLE certified teacher who has 8 years of experience..8 yıl tecrübeli fransızca öğretmeniyle fransızca dersleri I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years.In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks.I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. GörüşürüzQualifications & Experience2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School2004 - 2010 Marmara University Teaching French Second Language 2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings.2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara.2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face Tutoring2017 - University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certificationCertificates :University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certificationYDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM)YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more
Keyifli ve verimli dil dersleri... :)
I teach: Turkish
Hello from Turkey,I am native Turkish speaker from the south of Turkey. I graduated from departmant of science teacher at Cukurova... University. Teaching is significant and enjoyable for me because I like to learn new things with right sources so I care to teach. When I was student I worked at study center course and I teached english to children. and I teached at homes. I like to learn new cultures, languages, music... I love to nature so I love to taking natural photographs. This is my hobby.In my opinion teaching mustn't be boring and serious. We should have fun when we teach so I am waiting you for learn efficient and enjoyable. Read more
TÖMER LECTURER ***Turkish lessons with a native speaker
I teach: Turkish
Hello Turkish Learners! I am a professional Turkish Teacher and a translator with a master degree.I have visited so many countries to research... cultures and Turkish Dialects. Since I was a child, my dream was to travel to Asia and learn all the other Turkish Languages such as Kyrgyz Turkish, Kazak Turkish, Tatar Turkish, Tuva Turkish) as well as to research the similarities and differences between Modern Turkish and other Turkish languages. In the past, I worked as a lecturer in the School of Foreign Languages of Turkish Education at Kyrgyzstan Turkey Manas University for 3 years. During my appointment, I have taught all levels of Modern Turkish to the students who are from different nationalities such as Americans, Russians, English, German, Kazaks, Kyrgyz, Tatars, Mongol, Tuvas, Uighur Turk. I am also very fluent in Kyrgyz Turkish and Kazak Turkish. Currently, I am living in Turkey.I believe that with my experiences and love for languages, I can surely help you to speak up. As a patient and concise teacher, I: - develop and implement individual lesson plans for structured and conversational sessions. - use a variety of written and audio materials, primarily Elementary Turkish in 2 Volumes by Kurtuluş Öztopçu.- assign homework and provide regular feedback to students. - clarify complex grammar questions through examples from everyday conversations-make the language learning process less theoretical and more practical. Let me know your motivations and needs, and I will prepare an individual lesson plan for you.Just dream,you can learn language easily!Aysegul Read more