• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Suggested actions and desires are expressed with the subjunctive verb. The suffixes -(y)eyim, -(y)elim and other forms are used to form a subjunctive verb. The Turkish subjunctive means 'let someone do something' in English.

    Forming the subjunctive

    1. The suffix -(y)eyim/ -(y)ayım

    The suffix -(y)eyim or -(y)ayım is used for the singular form of the first person according to the last vowel of the verb and it means 'let me do'.

    • Use the suffix  -(y)ayım: if the last vowel of the word is ''a, ı, o, or u'
    • Use the suffix -(y)eyim: if the last vowel of the word is ''e, i, ö, or ü''

    enlightenedIf the verb root ends in a vowel the letter 'y' is added after the verb root.

    • ağlamak (to cry) -> ağlayayım (let me cry)
    • uyumak (to sleep) -> uyuyayım (let me sleep)

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    Example table

    Verb Suffix Subjunctive
    gelmek (to come) -eyim geleyim (let me come)
    almak (to buy) -ayım alayım (let me buy)

     

    • Ben de sizinle geleyim. (Let me come with you.)
    • Önce elmaları alayım. (Let me buy the apples first.)

    2. The suffix -(y)elim/ -(y)alım

    The suffix -(y)elim or -(y)alım is used for the plural form of the first person according to the last vowel of the verb and it means 'let us do'.

    • Use the suffix  -(y)alım: if the last vowel of the word is ''a, ı, o, or u'
    • Use the suffix -(y)elim: if the last vowel of the word is ''e, i, ö, or ü''

    Example table

    Verb Suffix Subjunctive
    sürmek (to drive) -elim sürelim
    yapmak (to make) -alım yapalım

     

    • Bugün araba sürelim. (Let's drive a car today.)
    • Bu akşam için kek yapalım. (Let's make a cake for tonight.)