Present simple tense in Turkish (geniş zaman)
The present simple tense shows a habitual action that someone has done in the past, still does now and will continue to do in the future. The simple present tense is called as 'geniş zaman' in Turkish. The suffix -(e/i)r is added to the root of the verb. These endings change to ''-ar, -er, -ır, -ir, -ur, -ür, -r'' depending on the vowel harmony rules.
How to form the present simple tense
The 3 forms of the present simple tense are:
- Positive form
- Negative form
- Question form
To form a positive verb in the present simple tense, the suffix '-(e/i)r' is added to the verb root and then personal suffix is added. The suffix -(e/i)r changes according to the following rules:
Verb root + -(e/i)r + personal suffix
1. Verbs ending with a vowel
If the verb ends with a vowel: add only '-r'.
- Oku (read) -> Sabahları gazete okurum. (I read a newspaper in the morning.)
- Ağla (cry) -> Bebekler genelde ağlar. (Babies usually cry.)
- Ara (call) -> Annem beni her gün arar. (My mother calls me everyday.)
2. Verbs with one syllable
- If the verb has one syllable: add '-ar' or 'er'
- If the vowel of this syllable is 'a' or 'e' and if the verb ends with 'l', 'n' or 'r' add: '-ir'
- Sor (ask) -> Derste soru sorarım. (I ask a question in the lesson.)
- Çiz (draw) -> Arkadaşım resim çizer. (My friend draws a picture.)
- Gel (come) -> Her hafta bize gelirler. (They come to our house every week.)
3. Verbs with more than one syllable
If the verb has more than one syllable: add one of the following endings according to the vowel harmony rules: '-ır', '-ir', '-ur', -'ür'
- Kullan (use) -> Saç kurutma makinesi kullanırım. (I use a hair dryer.)
- Öğren (learn) -> Çocuklar bizden daha hızlı öğrenirler. (Children learn quicker than us.)
- Gör (see) -> Her gün beni görürler. (They see me everyday.)
According to the last vowel of the verb root, the negative suffix '-mez' or '-maz' is used after the verb root except for the pronouns 'I and we'.
Verb root + -mez/-maz +personal suffix
|Last vowel of the verb root ->||-a -ı, -o, -u||-e, -i, -ö, -ü|
|Add the suffix ->||-maz||-mez|
Example with 'almak' (to buy)
- Ben almam. (I don't buy.)
- Sen almazsın. (You don't buy.)
- O almaz. (He/she/it doesn't buy.)
- Biz almayız. (We don't buy.)
- Siz almazsınız. (You don't buy.)
- Onlar almazlar. (They don't buy.)
Example with 'gelmek' (to come)
- Ben gelmem. (I don't come.)
- Sen gelmezsin. (You don't come.)
- O gelmez. (He/she/it doesn't come.)
- Biz gelmeyiz. (We don't come.)
- Siz gelmezsiniz. (You don't come.)
- Onlar gelmezler. (They don't come.)
Questions in the simple present tense are formed by adding the suffix '-mi' after the present simple tense suffix.
verb root + -(i/e)r + -mi + personal suffix
|Question form of the verb 'gitmek (to go)|
|Ben gider miyim?||Do I go?|
|Sen gider misin?||Do you go?|
|O gider mi?||Does he/she/it go?|
|Biz gider miyiz?||Do we go?|
|Siz gider misiniz?||Do you go?|
|Onlar giderler mi?||Do they go|
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Merhaba, hi, salut, مرحباTurkish lessons with a ''Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language''(TÖMER) certified teacher... who has 8 years of experience.Cours de Turc avec un professeur turc agréé de TÖMER ayant 8 and d'expérienceYabancı Dil Olarak Türkçe Öğretimi sertifikalı 8 yıl tecrübeli öğretmenden Türkçe dersleri.المعلم التركي من ذوي الخبرةCours de français avec un professeur de français ayant 8 and d'expérience.French lessons with a professional FLE certified teacher who has 8 years of experience..8 yıl tecrübeli fransızca öğretmeniyle fransızca dersleri I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years.In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks.I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. GörüşürüzQualifications & Experience2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School2004 - 2010 Marmara University Teaching French Second Language 2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings.2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara.2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face Tutoring2017 - University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certificationCertificates :University of Ankara, TÖMER ( Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Languge) certificationYDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM)YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more
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Hello from Turkey,I am native Turkish speaker from the south of Turkey. I graduated from departmant of science teacher at Cukurova... University. Teaching is significant and enjoyable for me because I like to learn new things with right sources so I care to teach. When I was student I worked at study center course and I teached english to children. and I teached at homes. I like to learn new cultures, languages, music... I love to nature so I love to taking natural photographs. This is my hobby.In my opinion teaching mustn't be boring and serious. We should have fun when we teach so I am waiting you for learn efficient and enjoyable. Read more
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Hello Turkish Learners! I am a professional Turkish Teacher and a translator with a master degree.I have visited so many countries to research... cultures and Turkish Dialects. Since I was a child, my dream was to travel to Asia and learn all the other Turkish Languages such as Kyrgyz Turkish, Kazak Turkish, Tatar Turkish, Tuva Turkish) as well as to research the similarities and differences between Modern Turkish and other Turkish languages. In the past, I worked as a lecturer in the School of Foreign Languages of Turkish Education at Kyrgyzstan Turkey Manas University for 3 years. During my appointment, I have taught all levels of Modern Turkish to the students who are from different nationalities such as Americans, Russians, English, German, Kazaks, Kyrgyz, Tatars, Mongol, Tuvas, Uighur Turk. I am also very fluent in Kyrgyz Turkish and Kazak Turkish. Currently, I am living in Turkey.I believe that with my experiences and love for languages, I can surely help you to speak up. As a patient and concise teacher, I: - develop and implement individual lesson plans for structured and conversational sessions. - use a variety of written and audio materials, primarily Elementary Turkish in 2 Volumes by Kurtuluş Öztopçu.- assign homework and provide regular feedback to students. - clarify complex grammar questions through examples from everyday conversations-make the language learning process less theoretical and more practical. Let me know your motivations and needs, and I will prepare an individual lesson plan for you.Just dream,you can learn language easily!Aysegul Read more