• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Pronouns are words that are used to replace a noun or name. Suffixes (-ki and -si) are used to form the pronouns. Turkish pronouns are divided into five types:

    1. Personal pronouns
    2. Reflexive pronouns
    3. Demonstrative pronouns
    4. Indefinite pronouns
    5. Interrogative pronouns

    1. Personal pronouns

    Personal pronouns are used as a subject in a sentence to refer to a person or group of people.  They are often ommited since the verb or adjective already includes the subject in their declension and conjugation.

    Examples

    • Ben kahve istiyorum. = Kahve istiyorum. (I want a coffee.)
    • Onlar Oslo'da birlikte yaşıyorlar. = Oslo'da birlikte yaşıyorlar. (They live together in Oslo.)

    2. Reflexive pronouns

    The Turkish reflexive pronoun 'Kendi' (self/own) is used to emphasize who has done the action and used instead of the regular Turkish personal pronouns.

    Examples

    • Kendisi için çok mutlu. (She is very happy for herself.)
    • Evi kendim temizledim. (I cleaned the house myself.)

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    3. Demonstrative pronouns

    Demonstrative pronouns are the words that take the place of all object and concept names except the person names. They are used to show something defined within a sentence.

    Examples

    • Bu çok pahalı. (This is very expensive.)
    • Şunlar güzel gözüküyor. (These are looking nice.)

    4. Indefinite pronouns

    Indefinite pronouns are the words that  represent objects in a vague way. They do not show any definite person, place, amount or thing.

    Examples

    • Biri aradı ve seni sordu. (Someone called and asked for you.)
    • Kitabım için her yere baktım. (I looked everywhere for my book.)

    ​5. Interrogative pronouns

    The interrogative pronouns are the words that represent the nouns in the form of questions and express them as questions.

    Examples

    • Öğle yemeği için ne istiyorsun? (What do you want for lunch?)
    • Kitabı kim okuyordu? (Who was reading the book?)

    Usage of the suffixes '-si' and '-ki' to form the pronouns

    The suffixes '-si' and '-ki' are used to form the pronouns from adjectives.

    The suffix -si

    Adjective Zamir Pronoun
    yeni (new) yenisi the new one
    eski (old) eskisi the old one
    kısa (short) kısa the short one

     

    Examples:

    • Yeni elbise şık değil. (The new dress is not chic.) ---> adjective
    • Yenisi şık değil. (The new one is not chic.) --->pronoun

    The suffix -ki

    Adjective Zamir Pronoun
    Benim (my) Benimki  Mine
    Senin (your) Seninki Yours
    Onun (his/her/its) Onunki (His/hers/its)
    Bizim (our) Bizimki (Ours)
    Sizin (your) Sizinki (Yours)
    Onların (their) Onlarınki (Theirs)

     

    Examples

    • Bu senin kitabın. (This is your book.) ---> adjective
    • Bu seninki. (This is yours.) ---> pronoun

     

    • Benim yemeğim geliyor. (My food is coming.)
    • Benimki geliyor. (Mine is coming.)

     

    Next lessons

    1 Turkish personal pronouns Learn the Turkish personal pronouns
    2 Turkish reflexive pronouns Learn the Turkish reflexive pronouns
    3 Turkish demonstrative pronouns Learn the Turkish demonstrative pronouns
    4 Turkish indefinite pronouns Learn the indefinite pronouns in Turkish
    5 Turkish interrogative pronouns Learn the interrogative pronouns in Turkish