Pronouns are words that are used to replace a noun or name. Suffixes (-ki and -si) are used to form the pronouns. Turkish pronouns are divided into five types:
- Personal pronouns
- Reflexive pronouns
- Demonstrative pronouns
- Indefinite pronouns
- Interrogative pronouns
1. Personal pronouns
Personal pronouns are used as a subject in a sentence to refer to a person or group of people. They are often ommited since the verb or adjective already includes the subject in their declension and conjugation.
- Ben kahve istiyorum. = Kahve istiyorum. (I want a coffee.)
- Onlar Oslo'da birlikte yaşıyorlar. = Oslo'da birlikte yaşıyorlar. (They live together in Oslo.)
2. Reflexive pronouns
The Turkish reflexive pronoun 'Kendi' (self/own) is used to emphasize who has done the action and used instead of the regular Turkish personal pronouns.
- Kendisi için çok mutlu. (She is very happy for herself.)
- Evi kendim temizledim. (I cleaned the house myself.)
3. Demonstrative pronouns
Demonstrative pronouns are the words that take the place of all object and concept names except the person names. They are used to show something defined within a sentence.
- Bu çok pahalı. (This is very expensive.)
- Şunlar güzel gözüküyor. (These are looking nice.)
4. Indefinite pronouns
Indefinite pronouns are the words that represent objects in a vague way. They do not show any definite person, place, amount or thing.
- Biri aradı ve seni sordu. (Someone called and asked for you.)
- Kitabım için her yere baktım. (I looked everywhere for my book.)
5. Interrogative pronouns
The interrogative pronouns are the words that represent the nouns in the form of questions and express them as questions.
- Öğle yemeği için ne istiyorsun? (What do you want for lunch?)
- Kitabı kim okuyordu? (Who was reading the book?)
Usage of the suffixes '-si' and '-ki' to form the pronouns
The suffixes '-si' and '-ki' are used to form the pronouns from adjectives.
The suffix -si
|yeni (new)||yenisi||the new one|
|eski (old)||eskisi||the old one|
|kısa (short)||kısası||the short one|
- Yeni elbise şık değil. (The new dress is not chic.) ---> adjective
- Yenisi şık değil. (The new one is not chic.) --->pronoun
The suffix -ki
- Bu senin kitabın. (This is your book.) ---> adjective
- Bu seninki. (This is yours.) ---> pronoun
- Benim yemeğim geliyor. (My food is coming.)
- Benimki geliyor. (Mine is coming.)
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Hello from Turkey,I am native Turkish speaker from the south of Turkey. I graduated from departmant of science teacher at Cukurova... University. Teaching is significant and enjoyable for me because I like to learn new things with right sources so I care to teach. When I was student I worked at study center course and I teached english to children. and I teached at homes. I like to learn new cultures, languages, music... I love to nature so I love to taking natural photographs. This is my hobby.In my opinion teaching mustn't be boring and serious. We should have fun when we teach so I am waiting you for learn efficient and enjoyable. Read more
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Merhaba, hi, salut :) I am a native Turkish speaker and also a certified Turkish-French, French-Turkish interpreter.I'm a graduate of... Marmara University , one of the best of Turkey, 2010. I have worked as a Turkish, French and English teacher in Turkey and abroad. I think that it's a very important plus to be graduated from a Language Teaching Department to teach Turkish or other languages because i have already learned ''how to teach''.I have a lot of experience in teaching Turkish to my foreign students in some language teaching centers and many online tutoring websites. I have been teaching to adults and young learners Turkish, English and French online and face to face lessons for all levels more than five years.In my opinion, each Turkish language ,instructor must be very good at explaining Target language's grammar rules because each language has a different form from other languages. I can speak fluently French and English and make comparisons between Turkish, English, French and Arabic also and this enables me an effective teaching style. My lessons are firstly based around making the student understand perfectly the grammar rules secondly the pronunciation and thirdly the speaking , because the learners can't speak correctly without learning the grammar rules and the pronunciation.If learners demand me, i can make a lesson for just to develop listening, speaking or reading skills. I also encourage my students to practice what they learned by giving homework tasks to complete and evaluate these homeworks.I have always been fond of interacting with different people from all over the world and discovering different cultures. I know that I learn a lot while teaching as well.Teaching Languages is my biggest passion.I'm looking forward to meet with you arkadaşlar. Don't hesitate to cantact me. See you soon. GörüşürüzQualifications & Experience2000 - 2004 English and French Language Learning Based High School2004 - 2010 Marmara University French Language Teaching2010 - 2013 Attendence to Master Degree Lessons in Tunisia in French Litterature Department , at the same time working as a Turkish Language Teacher in Some Language Centers and Interpreter In Many Commercial Meetings.2013-2014 Military Service as a French Language Teacher in Turkish Military Academy2014-2016 French and English Teacher at Anemon College in capital city Ankara.2015 - Pressent Online ( Turkish/English/French) in many internatonal websites and Face-to-Face TutoringCertificates :YDS ENGLISH 2016 : 83 / 100( NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS 100 IN TOEFL-IBT EXAM)YDS FRENCH 2010 : 79 / 100 (NATIONAL FOREIGN LANGUAGE EXAM IN TURKEY - MY SCORE EQUALS TO B2 IN Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ) Read more