• Turkish grammar
  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Conditional sentences are formed by adding the word 'eğer' (if) to the beginning of the sentence and the suffixes -(y)se/-(y)sa to the verb root. The word 'eğer' can be omitted because the suffix -(y)se gives the same meaning.

    enlightenedVerb root + tense + 'if+personal suffix'

    The suffix table 

    Last vowel of the verb root-> a, ı , o ,u e, i, ö, ü
    Ben (I) -sam -sem
    Sen (you) -san -sen
    O (he/she/it) -sa -se
    Biz (we) -sak -sek
    Siz (you) -sanız -seniz
    Onlar (they) -larsa -lerse


    'Even if' in Turkish

    When the conjunction-de/-da and conditional suffix -se are used together in a sentence, they give the meaning of 'even if'. The word 'bile' can be used instead of the conjunction 'de'.

    • İsmini bile (de) söyleseydin bakmayabilirdi. (Even if you had said his name, he might not have looked.)
    • Beni arasaydın da (bile) gelmezdim. (Even if you called me, I wouldn't come.)

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    Impossible conditions: -seydi/-saydı

    When the past suffix -ydi is added to -se, the condition that it explained is an impossible condition.

    • Daha çok okusaydım soruyu cevaplayabilirdim. (If I had read more I could have answered the question.)
    • Sen açıklamasaydın hiçbirimiz bilmeyecektik. (If you had not explained us, none of us would have known.)
    • (Eğer) buradan gitseydim seni arardım. (If I had gone away, I would have called you.)

    Examples with the verb 'okumak ( to read)'

    • (Eğer) okursam öğreneceğim. -> If I read, I will learn.
    • (Eğer) okursan öğreneceksin. -> If you read, you will learn.
    • (Eğer) okursa öğrenecek. -> If she reads, she will learn.
    • (Eğer) okursak öğreneceğiz. -> If we read, we will learn.
    • (Eğer) okursanız öğreneceksiniz. -> If you read, you will learn.
    • (Eğer) okurlarsa öğrenecekler. -> If they read, they will learn.


    Examples with the verb 'gelmek (to come)'

    • (Eğer) gelirsem seni arayacağım. -> If I come, I will call you.
    • (Eğer) gelirsen beni ara. -> If you come, call me.
    • (Eğer) gelirse, beni arayacak. -> If he comes, he will call me.
    • (Eğer) gelirsek, seni arayacağız. -> If we come, we will call you.
    • (Eğer) gelirseniz, beni arayacaksınız. -> If you come, you will call me.
    • (Eğer) gelirlerse, beni arayacaklar. -> If they come, they will call me.