• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Turkish postpositions with the ablative case

    The following postpositions are used with ablative case complements:

    Postposition English meaning Example
    beri since/for geçen haftadan beri (since last week)
    bu yana since nisandan bu yana (since April)
    önce before partiden önce (before the party)
    sonra after senden sonra (after you)
    başka apart from/other than bundan başka (apart from this)
    dolayı because of stresten dolayı (because of stress)

     

    Meanings of the postpositions

    Postpositions with the ablative case can have more than one meaning.

    Beri (since/for)

    The postposition 'beri' is used as the synonym for the prepositions 'since' and 'for' in English. When 'beri' is used in the meaning of 'for' it indicates the time period which happened before the moment that is talked about.

    enlightened'Beri' and 'bu yana' have the same meaning when they are used in the meaning 'since.'

    Examples

    • Dünden beri bu yana bekliyorum. (I am waiting since yesterday.)
    • Cumadan beri bu yana görüşmedik. (We didn't meet since Friday.)
    • Yıllardan beri seyahat etmiyor. (She didn't travel for years.)

    Önce (before)

    The postposition 'önce' has the meaning earlier/before than something or somebody.

    Examples

    • Onlar benden önce dışarı çıktılar. (They went out before me.)
    • Saat sekizden önce burada olmalısın. (You should be here before eight o'clock.)

    Sonra (after)

    The postposition 'sonra' has the meaning after/later than something or somebody.

    Examples

    • Sinemadan sonra eve gittim. (After the cinema, ı went home.)
    • Arkadaşımdan sonra sıra bende olacak. (After my friend, it will be my turn.)

    Başka (other than)

    The postposition 'başka' has the meaning 'apart from' or 'other than'.

    Examples

    • Bundan başka bir şeye ihtiyacın var mı? (Do you need anything other than this?)
    • Odada Ahmet'ten başka kimse yoktu. (Apart from Ahmet, the room was empty.)

    Dolayı (because of)

    The postposition 'dolayı' is used to show cause and effect relationships and it has the same meaning as 'because of'.

    Examples

    • Okuldan dolayı alışverişe gitmedik. (We didn't go to shopping because of the school.)
    • Yağmurdan dolayı evdeyim. (I am at home because of the rain.)

    Exercises

    Multiple choice exercise on the postpositions with the ablative case

    Fill in the blanks exercise about the postpositions with the ablative case