Unlike English, Turkish has no prepositions. Some English prepositions are provided by the case suffixes in Turkish and others are provided by the words named postpositions which stand after their complements. Turkish postpositions are divided into two groups:
They are divided into three groups according to which case marking they require on their complements.
There are 4 postpositions with non-case-marked complements: gibi (like), için (for), ile (with), kadar (as...as)
There are 5 postpositions which are followed by dative-case-marked complements: doğru (towards), göre (according to/compared with), kadar (until), karşı (against/facing), rağmen (despite)
The following postpositions are followed by ablative case complements: beri (since/for), bu yana (since), önce (before), sonra (after), başka (apart from), dolayı (because of)
The possessive-marked postpositions are formed by adding a possessive suffix and a dative, locative or ablative case suffix to the complemented noun. Some possessive-marked postpositions: önünde (in front of), içinde (inside), altında (under), arasında (between), karşısında (opposite)...
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