• Turkish grammar
  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Turkish reflexive pronouns

     The Turkish reflexive pronoun 'Kendi' (self/own) is used to emphasize who has done the action and used instead of the regular Turkish personal pronouns.

    List of reflexive pronouns

    Dönüşlülük zamirleri Reflexive pronouns
    Kendim Myself
    Kendin Yourself
    Kendisi or kendi Him/Her/Itself
    Kendimiz Ourselves
    Kendiniz Yourself, Yourselves(formal)
    Kendileri Him/Herself, Themselves(formal)


    When to use the reflexive pronouns ?

    The  reflexive pronoun 'kendi' is used to show:

    1.  an emphasis
    2. a possession
    3. a subject

    1. To show an emphasis

    The reflexive pronouns can be used to show an emphasis. (Ben kendim, I myself...)


    • Bu ödevleri (sen) kendin bitirdin. (You finished these homeworks yourself.)
    • Keki (ben) kendim yaptım. (I made a cake myself.)
    • (O) kendisi için üzülüyordu. ( She was feeling sorry for herself.)

    2. To show a possession

    The pronoun 'kendi' is used to express a possession as an adjective. In this case, the person agrees with the thing which is owned.


    • Bu benim kendi arabam. (This is my own car.)
    • Kendi havlunu kullanmalısın. (You should use your own towel.)
    • Bu senin kendi evin. (This is your own house.)

    3. To show a subject

    The Turkish personal pronouns are used as a subject of a sentence. On the other hand, the reflexive personal pronoun 'kendi' can be used to emphasize the subject of the sentence. The reflexive personal pronoun can be used with the personal pronouns.

    Example table

      Turkish English
    Personal pronoun Ben bunu yaptım. I have done this.
    Reflexive pronoun Bunu kendim yaptım. I have done this myself.
    Personal+Reflexive pronoun Ben bunu kendim yaptım. I have done this myself.






    Multiple choice exercise on the reflexive pronouns

    Fill in the blanks exercise about the reflexive pronouns