• Turkish grammar
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  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • The ablative is formed by adding the ‘-den’ suffix to the end of the noun. The sentence part that is the answer to the questions: "nereden? (from where?), kimden? (from whom?), neden? (from what?)'' combined with the main verb of the sentence should use the ablative case.

    When to use the ablative case?

    • Indicating the point of a departure
    • The causal use
    • The partitive use
    • Indicating a comparison

    İndicating the point of a departure

    The ablative form is used to indicate the 'place from which-' or 'place through' which an action happened. The word in the ablative case be found as an answer to the questions ‘nereden?’ (from where?) 

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    Example dialogues

    Answer on the question 'place from which'

    • Nereden geliyorum? Where am i coming from?

    • Evden geliyorum. I am coming from home. 

    Answer on the question 'place through which'

    • Köpek nereden girdi? Where the dog entered by?
    • Köpek kapidan girdi. The dog entered by the door.

    The causal form

    The causal form can be found as an answer to the question 'neden?' (from what). 

    Example

    • Bebek neden uyandı? Why did the baby wake up?
    • Bebek gürültüden uyandı. The baby woke up because of the noise.

    The partitive use

    The partitive use describes a part of a whole.

    Example

    • Üyelerden biri akşam gelmeyecek. One of the members won't come tonight.

    İndicating a comparison

    The ablative case shows a comparison and the second member of the comparison gets the ablative '-den' suffix.

    Example

    • Babam annemden daha yaşli. My father is older than my mother.

    Declension of noun suffixes in the ablative form

    enlightenedChange the suffix of the noun '-den' to '-dan' when the last vowel is one of the following ‘-a, -ı, -o, -u,’.

    Examples

    • Elma (apple) + den (ablative suffix): elmadan (from apple) -> the last vowel is ‘-a’

    • Okul (school) + den (ablative suffix): okuldan (from school) -> the last vowel is ‘-u’

    enlightenedWhen the nouns ending with the letters "p, ç, t, k, s, ş, h, f" take the ‘-den’ suffix, the letter ‘-d’ changes to ‘-t’ and becomes ‘-ten’ or ‘-tan’. 

    Example

    • Kitap (book) + den = kitaptan (from book) The word is finished with ‘-p’ and the last vowel is an ‘-a’; thus ‘-den’ becomes ‘-tan’.