• Turkish grammar
  • 1 The Turkish alphabet
  • 2 The Turkish pronunciation [0/2]
  • 3 Turkish cases [0/11]
  • 4 Turkish articles [0/1]
  • 5 Turkish nouns [0/5]
  • 6 Turkish adjectives [0/2]
  • 7 Turkish adverbs [0/11]
  • 8 Turkish pronouns [0/12]
  • 9 Turkish prepositions and postpositions [0/10]
  • 10 Verbs in Turkish [0/32]
  • 10.1 Turkish infinitive [0/2]
  • 10.2 The verb ''to be'' in Turkish (conjugation) [0/3]
  • 10.3 Turkish verb conjugation and tenses [0/12]
  • 10.4 Causative verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.5 Passive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.6 Reflexive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.7 Reciprocal verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.8 Modal verbs in Turkish [0/3]
  • 10.9 Auxiliary verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 10.10 Subjunctive verbs in Turkish [0/2]
  • 11 Turkish sentence structure and phrases [0/7]
  • Present continuous tense in Turkish (şimdiki zaman)


    1. Multiple choice exercise on the present continuous tense Score -/-
    2. Fill in the blanks exercise about the present continuous tense Score -/-

    The present continuous tense is used to show what is happening now at this moment and also used to express something that will happen in the near future. The present continuous tense is called as 'şimdiki zaman' in Turkish. The present tense suffix "-iyor" (-ing) does not follow the vowel harmony rules and always retains in the "-yor" form.

    How to form the present continuous tense

    The 3 forms of the present continuous tense are:

    • Positive form
    • Negative form
    • Question form

    Positive form

    To form a positive verb in the present continuous tense, the suffix '-(i)yor is added to the verb root and then personal suffix is added. The letter -(i) can take a shape as "ı/u/ü" according to the verb root's last vowel.

    enlightenedVerb root + -(i)yor + personal suffix

    Last vowel of the verb root-> a/ı e/i o/ö u/ü
    Add-> -ıyor -iyor -uyor -üyor


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    Example table

    yaz (write) git (go)
    Ben yazıyorum. (I am writing.) Ben gidiyorum. (I am going.)
    Sen yazıyorsun. (You are writing.) Sen gidiyorsun. (You are going.)
    O yazıyor. (He/she/it is writing.) O gidiyor. (He/she/it is going.)
    Biz yazıyoruz. (We are writing.) Biz gidiyoruz. (We are going.)
    Siz yazıyorsunuz. (You are writing.) Siz gidiyorsunuz. (You are going.)
    Onlar yazıyorlar. (They are writing.) Onlar gidiyorlar. (They are going.)


    Negative form

    One of the following suffixes are used "-mı, -mi, -mu, -mü" after the verb root according to the last vowel of the verb root. 

    enlightenedverb root + -me(negative suffix) + -(i)yor + personal suffix

    Last vowel of the verb root-> a/ı e/i o/u ö/ü
    Add-> -mı -mi -mu -mü


    Example table

    Verb Negative example
    yaz (write) Ben yazyorum. (I am not writing.)
    izle (watch) Onlar izlemiyorlar. (They are not watching.)
    otur (sit) Biz oturmuyoruz. (We are not sitting.)
    yüz(swim) O yüzyor. (She is not swimming.)


    Question form

    The suffix '-mu' is added between the present continuous case suffix and personal suffix. The suffix '-mu' is always written as a seperate word with the personal suffix.

    enlightenedverb root + -(i)yor + -mu + personal suffix

    Example table

    Question form of the verb 'yaz' (write)  
    Ben yazıyor muyum? Am I writing?
    Sen yazıyor musun? Are you writing?
    O yazıyor mu? Is he/she/it writing?
    Biz yazıyor muyuz? Are we writing?
    Siz yazıyor musunuz? Are you writing?
    Onlar yazıyorlar? Are they writing?