The present continuous tense is used to show what is happening now at this moment and also used to express something that will happen in the near future. The present continuous tense is called as 'şimdiki zaman' in Turkish. The present tense suffix "-iyor" (-ing) does not follow the vowel harmony rules and always retains in the "-yor" form.
The 3 forms of the present continuous tense are:
To form a positive verb in the present continuous tense, the suffix '-(i)yor is added to the verb root and then personal suffix is added. The letter -(i) can take a shape as "ı/u/ü" according to the verb root's last vowel.
Verb root + -(i)yor + personal suffix
|Last vowel of the verb root->||a/ı||e/i||o/ö||u/ü|
|yaz (write)||git (go)|
|Ben yazıyorum. (I am writing.)||Ben gidiyorum. (I am going.)|
|Sen yazıyorsun. (You are writing.)||Sen gidiyorsun. (You are going.)|
|O yazıyor. (He/she/it is writing.)||O gidiyor. (He/she/it is going.)|
|Biz yazıyoruz. (We are writing.)||Biz gidiyoruz. (We are going.)|
|Siz yazıyorsunuz. (You are writing.)||Siz gidiyorsunuz. (You are going.)|
|Onlar yazıyorlar. (They are writing.)||Onlar gidiyorlar. (They are going.)|
One of the following suffixes are used "-mı, -mi, -mu, -mü" after the verb root according to the last vowel of the verb root.
verb root + -me(negative suffix) + -(i)yor + personal suffix
|Last vowel of the verb root->||a/ı||e/i||o/u||ö/ü|
|yaz (write)||Ben yazmıyorum. (I am not writing.)|
|izle (watch)||Onlar izlemiyorlar. (They are not watching.)|
|otur (sit)||Biz oturmuyoruz. (We are not sitting.)|
|yüz(swim)||O yüzmüyor. (She is not swimming.)|
The suffix '-mu' is added between the present continuous case suffix and personal suffix. The suffix '-mu' is always written as a seperate word with the personal suffix.
verb root + -(i)yor + -mu + personal suffix
|Question form of the verb 'yaz' (write)|
|Ben yazıyor muyum?||Am I writing?|
|Sen yazıyor musun?||Are you writing?|
|O yazıyor mu?||Is he/she/it writing?|
|Biz yazıyor muyuz?||Are we writing?|
|Siz yazıyor musunuz?||Are you writing?|
|Onlar yazıyorlar mı?||Are they writing?|
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
Thank you for your feedback, Brandon! I am very happy to know that you are so satisfied with the lessons. I've always believed that you could make it and I am glad that we never gave it up. The right attitude and a high level of perseverance have been the keys to your success. It has been a pleasure to be your guide in your learning process. I know that you can do much more, so let's continue towards a next level!
Dear Anita, Thank you very much for your nice review! I enjoy our lessons very much too and I am so happy that our communication and chemistry fit well together. That's the best precondition for a good learning experience. See you soon!
Fabrizio's children are learning French very fast, I have the impression that these lessons online have been helpful for them and I am sure they will master the language easily. They are very interested in learning.
Thank you, Danilo. It is always a pleasure having lessons with you and I have enjoyed our many conversations together. And what a joy that over time they have become easier for both of us to understand! :D
Fabia is a very nice student and learns very quickly. It is a pleasure to teach her as she really likes to learn a difficult language like Portuguese and improved a lot.
Σ' ευχαριστώ πολύ Μέγκαν! I'm glad you had a good experience and that you enjoyed it. Your excitment about learning greek motivates me even more :)
Dear Linda, thank you for your positive feedback. I am very happy that you feel comfortable and this is very important to me. Thanks to you for the great trust :-)
Hi Alba! Thank you so much for your wonderful review! I enjoyed our class too & I wish you the best of luck with all your future projects :-)
Thank you so much, Remark! I´m happy to know you enjoyed our lesson and I´m looking forward to having more in the near future! Cheers!
Dear Silvia, thank you very much for your feedback! It's a real pleasure to have classes with you, and I hope you find them useful!
Thank you very much for your words! You are a very diligent student! You apply and take one step forward with each lesson! See you soon!
Thank you very much for your positive review, David! You are a very pleasant and motivated person to teach.
Thank you very much for your feedback, Ira. Your interest and your willpower to improve your Spanish is admirable. Keep it up!
Hi Mia, thank you for this feedback. We will continue in this way until you are ready for your exam!
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