• Bulgarian grammar
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  • 1 Bulgarian sentence structure
  • 2 Bulgarian pronouns [0/10]
  • 3 Bulgarian nouns [0/6]
  • 4 Bulgarian verbs [0/16]
  • 5 Bulgarian prepositions [0/2]
  • 6 Bulgarian adjectives [0/6]
  • 7 Bulgarian adverbs [0/2]
  • Relative pronouns in Bulgarian

    Exercises

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    1. Fill in the correct relative pronoun Score -/-
    2. Choose the right relative pronoun Score -/-

    The relative pronouns are used to connect a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun. 

    1. How to form the relative pronouns in Bulgarian

    We form the relative pronouns by adding the rticle "-ТО"  to the interrogative pronouns.

    For people and objects

       Interrogative pronouns   Relative pronoun   English equivalent 
    m. кой който  who/that/which
    f. коя която  who/that/which
    n. кое което  who/that/which
    pl. кои които  who/that/which

     

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    Only for people

       Interrogative pronoun  Relative pronoun   English equivalent 
    m. кого когото  who/that

     

    For quality

      Interrogative pronoun   Relative pronoun   English equivalent 
    m. какъв какъвто  such, as
    f. каква каквато  such, as
    n. какво каквото  such, as
    pl. какви каквито  such, as

     

    Other relative pronouns

     Interrogative pronoun   Relative pronoun   English equivalent 
    къде където  where
    кога когато  when
    как както  as
    колко колкото  as much as/ as many as 

     

    2. How to use the relative pronouns

    We usually place the relative pronouns after the noun or pronoun to which they relate. Relative pronouns for people, objects and quality agree in person and number with the noun or pronoun to which they refer.

    Мъжът, който дойде, е пиятелят ми.  The man who came is my friend.
    Жената, която се обади, беше майка ми.  The woman who called was my mother.
    Искам кафе, каквото пихме миналия път.  I want the same coffee that we had the last time. 
    Вземи всичко документи, които са на масата.  Take all the documents that are on the table.

     

    enlightenedWe often use relative pronouns with prepositions.

    Това е момчето, за което говорихме.   This is the boy that we were talking about. 

     

    Relative pronouns are used as linking words and can perform the role of conjunctions in the sentence.

    Ще дойда, когато е необходимо.  I will come when it is necessary. 

     

    enlightened"Колкото, толкова" corresponds to the English  phrases "as much as" and "as many as" and can be used with or without a noun.

    Вземи толкова яйца, колкото са необходими.  Take as many egg as you need.
    Работя толкова, колкото мога.  I work as much as I can.