• Bulgarian grammar
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  • 1 Bulgarian sentence structure
  • 2 Bulgarian pronouns [0/10]
  • 3 Bulgarian nouns [0/6]
  • 4 Bulgarian verbs [0/16]
  • 5 Bulgarian prepositions [0/2]
  • 6 Bulgarian adjectives [0/6]
  • 7 Bulgarian adverbs [0/2]
  • The role of the adverbs is to qualify verbs. However, they also qualify nouns, adjectives or other adverbs. In addition, adverbs do not change in number and person. 

    1. How to form adverbs

    Adverbs are formed from adjectives, by adding the ending -O. Another less frequently ending is -E. Sometimes the adjectives are the same as the neuter gender form of the adjectives.

    Adjective   Adverb
    бърз  +о бързо
    слаб  +о слабо
    добър  +е         добре

     

    enlightenedSee this transformation in the example sentences:

    Adjective Adverb
    Иван е много бърз спортист. Иван тича бързо.
    Иван е добър ученик. Иван се учи добре.

     

    2. Types of adverbs

    There are different types of adverbs. There role is to make our speech richer and more precise.

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    Adverbs of place

     Adverb   English translation
    високо  high
    вън  outside
    вътре  inside
    горе  up 
    далече  far away
    долу  down
    наблизо  nearby
    нагоре  upward
    надясно  to the right
    назад  backwards
    наляво  to the left
    направо  streight on
    напред  forward
    никъде  nowhere
    ниско  low
    там  there
    тук  here

     

    Adverbs of time

     Adverb   English translation
    винаги  always
    вчера  yesteday
    днес  today
    довечера  tonight
    досега  do far
    довечера  tonight
    късно  late
    никога  never
    някога  some time
    преди  before
    рано  early
    сега  now
    снощи  last  night

     

    Adverbs of manner

     Adverb   English translation
    бавно  slowly
    бързо  quickly
    добре  well
    зле  badly
    иначе  otherwise
    приятно  pleasantly
    слабо  slightly

     

    Adverbs of comment

     Adverb   English translation
    вероятно  probably
    всъщност  in fact
    главно  mainly
    действително   actually
    именно  precisely
    като че ли  as if
    наистина  really
    несъмнено  undoubtly
    особено  particularly

     

    3. Position of the adverbs in the sentence

    Adverbs are pretty flexible when it comes to sentence structure. There are no rules!

    Никога не съм била в България.  I have never been in Bulgaria. 
    Не съм била никога в България.  I have never been in Bulgaria. 
    Не съм била в България никога.   I have never been in Bulgaria.