Interrogative pronouns in Bulgarian
The interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions, such as who and what. Some of them refer only to people and other - to objects
1. Which are the interrogative pronouns in Bulgarian?
Interrogative pronouns can replace the noun in the sentence (person or object). In this case they are used on their own (without a noun).
|Gender||Persons and objects||Only for persons||Only for objects|
|m.||кой who/what||кого whom||какво what|
|f.||коя who/what||кого whom||какво what|
|n.||кое who/what||кого whom||какво what|
|pl.||кои who/what||кого whom||какво what|
|Кой е това?||Who is this?|
|Какво иска?||What does he want?|
2. How to use the interrogative pronouns
We can use most interrogative pronouns independently or as adjectives.
|Какво мислиш?||What do you think?|
|Каква музика прдпочиташ?||What kind of music do you prefer?|
When we use them as adjectives they go with the noun and agree in gender and number with it.
|Gender||For attributes||In English|
|Коя от тортите ми препоръчваш?||
Which one of the cakes you recommend?
We use "Кого" only when asking about the object of the sentence. Note that in everyday speech we use "Кой" instead of "Кого".
|С кого ще се срещнеш?||Whom you will meet?|
|С кой ще се срещнеш?||Who you will meet?|
Most people use only "На кой" to ask for possession, although "На кого" and "Чий" are the grammatically correct forms.
|Gender||For possession||In English|
|На кой е тази книга?||Whose is this book?|
|На кого е тази книга?||Whose is this book?|
|Чия е тази книга?||Whose is this book?|
We use "Какъв, каква, какво, какви" with a noun to ask "what kind of". In this case they agree with the gender and the number of the noun.
|Gender||For quality||In English|
|m.||какъв||what kind of|
|f.||каква||what kind of|
|n.||какво||what kind of|
|pl.||какви||what kind of|
|Каква литература препочиташ?||What kind of literature do you prefer?|
|Какъв тип мъже ти харесват?||What kind of men do you like?|
We can use "какъв, каква, какво, какви" with the verb "to be" to ask about nationality, profession, physical appearance and character.
|Какъв е Джон?||What type of person is John?|
|Какво работи?||What does he work?|
|Какви очи има?||What eyes does he have?|
"Колко" corresponds to both "how many" and "how much". We use it separately or with noun, an adverb or an adjective.
|Колко струва едно кафе?||How much is a cup of coffee?|
|Колко кафета пиеш на ден?||How many cups of coffee so you usually drink?|
|Колко далече живееш?||How far away do you live?|
|Колко сладко да е кафето?||How much sugar do you want in your coffee?|
Like the lesson? Take a look at the next one!
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Welcome to my class!
I teach: Bulgarian
Hi there,I am glad to meet you.First of all, let me congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. In your case this is... Bulgarian.My country, Bulgaria, is a beautiful country with nice and hospitable people. It is an ancient land with a great history and rich culture. Having learned our language you will be able to get in touch freely with our good people and country.I come from the town of Vidin, Bulgaria. I am a qualified English and Bulgarian teacher. I graduated back in 1972 from Sofia University with an MA in English Philology and Bulgarian Philology as a second subject. Since then I have spent most of my professional career teaching Bulgarian students.First of all, we will have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice!Cannot wait to meet you and help you on your journey to learn Bulgarian. Read more
Bulgarian exam lessons
I teach: Bulgarian, English
My name is Monika and I am fluent Bulgarian and English speaker. I can help you to learn Bulgarian and/or English if you are a beginner or... if you want to prepare for your exams in Bulgarian grammar. I am passionate about languages because I found it easy to study languages in general. I took my final exam in Bulgarian grammar and literature with A. I also graduated Glasgow Caledonian University, which of course wanted IELTS as part of the requirements.I want to help everyone, who wants to learn Bulgarian and/or English without any struggle.Hope to see you soon. Read more
About me and my teaching style
I teach: Bulgarian, English, French
Hello, I am Zlatko. I have over 12 years of French, English and Bulgarian teaching experience. My style is to have natural... conversations about a wide range of topics. I always encourage my students to speak and give them hints about how to remember as much as possible.We can focus on a different grammar point during a lesson too. The way I explain grammar rules is simple and fun. How does that grab you? Are you willing to learn Bulgarian, French or English with me? If so, please let me know what your language learning goals are, and I will build a realistic study plan for you.I look forward to meeting you soon. Read more