The interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions, such as who and what. Some of them refer only to people and other - to objects
Interrogative pronouns can replace the noun in the sentence (person or object). In this case they are used on their own (without a noun).
|Gender||Persons and objects||Only for persons||Only for objects|
|m.||кой who/what||кого whom||какво what|
|f.||коя who/what||кого whom||какво what|
|n.||кое who/what||кого whom||какво what|
|pl.||кои who/what||кого whom||какво what|
|Кой е това?||Who is this?|
|Какво иска?||What does he want?|
We can use most interrogative pronouns independently or as adjectives.
|Какво мислиш?||What do you think?|
|Каква музика прдпочиташ?||What kind of music do you prefer?|
When we use them as adjectives they go with the noun and agree in gender and number with it.
|Gender||For attributes||In English|
|Коя от тортите ми препоръчваш?|
Which one of the cakes you recommend?
We use "Кого" only when asking about the object of the sentence. Note that in everyday speech we use "Кой" instead of "Кого".
|С кого ще се срещнеш?||Whom you will meet?|
|С кой ще се срещнеш?||Who you will meet?|
Most people use only "На кой" to ask for possession, although "На кого" and "Чий" are the grammatically correct forms.
|Gender||For possession||In English|
|На кой е тази книга?||Whose is this book?|
|На кого е тази книга?||Whose is this book?|
|Чия е тази книга?||Whose is this book?|
We use "Какъв, каква, какво, какви" with a noun to ask "what kind of". In this case they agree with the gender and the number of the noun.
|Gender||For quality||In English|
|m.||какъв||what kind of|
|f.||каква||what kind of|
|n.||какво||what kind of|
|pl.||какви||what kind of|
|Каква литература препочиташ?||What kind of literature do you prefer?|
|Какъв тип мъже ти харесват?||What kind of men do you like?|
We can use "какъв, каква, какво, какви" with the verb "to be" to ask about nationality, profession, physical appearance and character.
|Какъв е Джон?||What type of person is John?|
|Какво работи?||What does he work?|
|Какви очи има?||What eyes does he have?|
"Колко" corresponds to both "how many" and "how much". We use it separately or with noun, an adverb or an adjective.
|Колко струва едно кафе?||How much is a cup of coffee?|
|Колко кафета пиеш на ден?||How many cups of coffee so you usually drink?|
|Колко далече живееш?||How far away do you live?|
|Колко сладко да е кафето?||How much sugar do you want in your coffee?|
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