Definite article of the Bulgarian nouns
In the Bulgarian language the definite article is part of the ending of the word (not separated). There are different definite articles for male, female and neuter nouns.
1. Masculine nouns
For the masculine nouns there are two forms of the definite article, depending on the role of the noun in the sentence: object or subject.
When the noun takes the role of the subject, it receives the long definite article. When the noun takes the role of the object, it receives the short definite article.
|Subject||Ключът е на масата.||The key is on the table.|
|Object||Той ми даде ключа от къщата.||He gave me the key.|
For the masculine nouns ending in -A the definite article is - TA
Nouns that use the definite article -Ят
When to use the long form - more examples
We use the long definite article when the noun is the subject of the sentence.
|Царят пие вино.||The king drinks wine.|
|Ученикът е умен и трудолюбив.||The student is smart and hard-working.|
|Приятелят ми е в чужбина.||My friend is abroad.|
When to use the short form - more examples
We use the short form for all the other cases: when the nouns is the object of the sentence or after a preposition.
|Кралицата говори с царя.||The queen talks with the king.|
|Аз помагам на ученика.||I help the student.|
2. Feminine nouns
The feminine nouns have only one form. The female definite article is added in the ending of the noun - Та
|Nominative form||Definite article|
3. Neuter nouns
The neuter nouns also have only one form. We add only -To in the end of the noun
|Nominative form||Definite article|
4. The definite article for the plural forms of the nouns
In the plural form the male and female nouns receive the same ending -Те, and the neuter nouns receive the ending -Та
|Nominative form||Definite article||Noun with definite article|
Practise with a private teacher on Skype!
- Private Skype lessons
- Learn any topic
- Flexible appointments
Welcome to my class!
I teach: Bulgarian
Hi there,I am glad to meet you.First of all, let me congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. In your case this is... Bulgarian.My country, Bulgaria, is a beautiful country with nice and hospitable people. It is an ancient land with a great history and rich culture. Having learned our language you will be able to get in touch freely with our good people and country.I come from the town of Vidin, Bulgaria. I am a qualified English and Bulgarian teacher. I graduated back in 1972 from Sofia University with an MA in English Philology and Bulgarian Philology as a second subject. Since then I have spent most of my professional career teaching Bulgarian students.First of all, we will have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice!Cannot wait to meet you and help you on your journey to learn Bulgarian. Read more
Bulgarian exam lessons
I teach: Bulgarian, English
My name is Monika and I am fluent Bulgarian and English speaker. I can help you to learn Bulgarian and/or English if you are a beginner or... if you want to prepare for your exams in Bulgarian grammar. I am passionate about languages because I found it easy to study languages in general. I took my final exam in Bulgarian grammar and literature with A. I also graduated Glasgow Caledonian University, which of course wanted IELTS as part of the requirements.I want to help everyone, who wants to learn Bulgarian and/or English without any struggle.Hope to see you soon. Read more
About me and my teaching style
I teach: Bulgarian, English, French
Hello, I am Zlatko. I have over 12 years of French, English and Bulgarian teaching experience. My style is to have natural... conversations about a wide range of topics. I always encourage my students to speak and give them hints about how to remember as much as possible.We can focus on a different grammar point during a lesson too. The way I explain grammar rules is simple and fun. How does that grab you? Are you willing to learn Bulgarian, French or English with me? If so, please let me know what your language learning goals are, and I will build a realistic study plan for you.I look forward to meeting you soon. Read more