• Bulgarian grammar
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  • 1 Bulgarian sentence structure
  • 2 Bulgarian pronouns [0/10]
  • 3 Bulgarian nouns [0/6]
  • 4 Bulgarian verbs [0/16]
  • 5 Bulgarian prepositions [0/2]
  • 6 Bulgarian adjectives [0/6]
  • 7 Bulgarian adverbs [0/2]
  • Gender of the Bulgarian nouns

    Exercises

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    1. Fill in the missing word in the correct gender Score -/-
    2. Choose the right gender exercise Score -/-

    In the Bulgarian language the nouns have three grammatical genders - masculine, feminine and neuter. You can recognize them by the ending of the noun.

    Gender   Endings 
     m.   consonant 
    f.  -а/я
    n.  - е/о

     

    1. Masculine nouns

    Usually the nouns that have masculine gender end on a consonant or on -Й.

     един   
     - consonant   сандвич 
     - й  чай

     

    enlightenedExceptions: As in every rule, there are some exceptions. There are some masculine nouns that end in a vowel.

    един баща  a father
    един чичо  an uncle
    един дядо  a grandfather
    един съдия  a judge

     

    2. Feminine nouns

    Usually, the feminine nouns end in  or .

     една   
     -а  жена
     -я  кухня 

     

    enlightenedExceptions: the following nouns are of feminine gender, even though they end in consonant.

    една сутрин   morning 
    една вечер  evening 
    една нощ  night
    една пролет  spring
    една есен  autumn
    една цел  an aim
    една любов  love
    една обич  fondness
    една помощ  help
    една кост  bone
    една захар  sugar
    една сол  salt

     

    enlightenedThere is one more group of exceptions in the Bulgarian nouns that end in -ост, -ест, -аст.

     - ост  
    една радост   joy 
    една младост   youth    
    една старост  od age
    една хубост  beauty
    една глупост  nonsense    
    една нежност  tenderness
     - ест  
    една прелест   beauty
    една свежест  freshness
    една болест   illness
     - аст  
    една власт  power
    една страст  passion
    една възраст  age

     

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    3. Nouns with neuter gender

    The neuter gender nouns end in -Е  or -О.

    едно   
     -о село 
     -е кафе

     

    enlightenedThere are some words that have different endings but they still have a neuter gender. Usually they come from English language and are international words.

    едно такси   taxi
    едно рали  rally
    едно жури  jury 
    едно бижу  jewelry 
    едно меню  menu