Number of the Bulgarian nouns
In the Bulgarian language the nouns have singular and plural forms.
- 1.Number of masculine nouns
- 1.1.Masculine nouns ending in -А/-Я
- 1.2.Masculine nouns ending in -ИН
- 1.3.Masculine nouns with more than one syllable ending in -К, -Г, -Х in singular
- 1.4.Masculine nouns with more than one syllable ending in -Ец in singular
- 1.5.Masculine nouns with one syllable
- 2.Number of feminine nouns
- 3.Number of the neuter gender
- 4.Mixed group of males and females people
- 5. Nouns with only singular, plural and other exceptions
1. Number of masculine nouns
The typical way to form the plural form of the masculine nouns is by adding - И in the ending of the word. If the masculine noun is ending on -Й, we just replace it with -И.
Masculine nouns ending in -А/-Я
In this case we form the plural in the following way:
|баща - бащи||father - fathers|
|роднина - роднини||relative - relatives|
|съдия - съдии||judge - judges|
Masculine nouns ending in -ИН
In the plural form we drop the -Н
|българин - българи||Bulgarian - Bulgarians|
|селянин - селяни||villager - villagers|
|гражданин - граждани||citizen - citizens|
Masculine nouns with more than one syllable ending in -К, -Г, -Х in singular
Change the last letter to -Ц,-З and -С in plural.
|речник - речници||dictionary - dictionaries|
|учебник - учебници||student - students|
|ученик - ученици||textbook - textbooks|
|белег - белези||scar - scars|
|монах - монаси||monk - monks|
Masculine nouns with more than one syllable ending in -Ец in singular
Drop the -E and add an -И at the end to form the plura form.
|американец - американци||American - Americans|
|испанец - испанци||Spaniard - Spaniards|
|немец - немци||German - Germans|
|певец - певци||singer - singers|
Masculine nouns with one syllable
All of these nouns receive the ending -Ове
|стол - столове||chair - chairs|
|чай -чайове||tea - teas|
2. Number of feminine nouns
In the most cases to form the plural form of the feminine nouns we add -И in the ending of the noun. Or -И replaces the -А/-Я endings of the feminine nouns.
3. Number of the neuter gender
The typical plural forms for the neuter gender are -А and -ТА, depending on the ending in the main form of the noun.
4. Mixed group of males and females people
When we talk about a mixed group of people, we form the plural form using the masculine plural form.
|ученик +||ученик =||ученици||masculine|
|ученик +||ученичка =||ученици||masculine|
|ученичка +||ученичка =||ученички||feminine|
5. Nouns with only singular, plural and other exceptions
Words that have only singular form
Words with only plural form
The word "човек" has two irregular plural forms:
|един човек||one person|
|много хора||a lot of people|
|двама души||two people|
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