Number of the Bulgarian nouns
In the Bulgarian language the nouns have singular and plural forms.
- 1.Number of masculine nouns
- 1.1.Masculine nouns ending in -А/-Я
- 1.2.Masculine nouns ending in -ИН
- 1.3.Masculine nouns with more than one syllable ending in -К, -Г, -Х in singular
- 1.4.Masculine nouns with more than one syllable ending in -Ец in singular
- 1.5.Masculine nouns with one syllable
- 2.Number of feminine nouns
- 3.Number of the neuter gender
- 4.Mixed group of males and females people
- 5. Nouns with only singular, plural and other exceptions
1. Number of masculine nouns
The typical way to form the plural form of the masculine nouns is by adding - И in the ending of the word. If the masculine noun is ending on -Й, we just replace it with -И.
Masculine nouns ending in -А/-Я
In this case we form the plural in the following way:
|баща - бащи||father - fathers|
|роднина - роднини||relative - relatives|
|съдия - съдии||judge - judges|
Masculine nouns ending in -ИН
In the plural form we drop the -Н
|българин - българи||Bulgarian - Bulgarians|
|селянин - селяни||villager - villagers|
|гражданин - граждани||citizen - citizens|
Masculine nouns with more than one syllable ending in -К, -Г, -Х in singular
Change the last letter to -Ц,-З and -С in plural.
|речник - речници||dictionary - dictionaries|
|учебник - учебници||student - students|
|ученик - ученици||textbook - textbooks|
|белег - белези||scar - scars|
|монах - монаси||monk - monks|
Masculine nouns with more than one syllable ending in -Ец in singular
Drop the -E and add an -И at the end to form the plura form.
|американец - американци||American - Americans|
|испанец - испанци||Spaniard - Spaniards|
|немец - немци||German - Germans|
|певец - певци||singer - singers|
Masculine nouns with one syllable
All of these nouns receive the ending -Ове
|стол - столове||chair - chairs|
|чай -чайове||tea - teas|
2. Number of feminine nouns
In the most cases to form the plural form of the feminine nouns we add -И in the ending of the noun. Or -И replaces the -А/-Я endings of the feminine nouns.
3. Number of the neuter gender
The typical plural forms for the neuter gender are -А and -ТА, depending on the ending in the main form of the noun.
4. Mixed group of males and females people
When we talk about a mixed group of people, we form the plural form using the masculine plural form.
|ученик +||ученик =||ученици||masculine|
|ученик +||ученичка =||ученици||masculine|
|ученичка +||ученичка =||ученички||feminine|
5. Nouns with only singular, plural and other exceptions
Words that have only singular form
Words with only plural form
The word "човек" has two irregular plural forms:
|един човек||one person|
|много хора||a lot of people|
|двама души||two people|
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My name is Monika and I am fluent Bulgarian and English speaker. I can help you to learn Bulgarian and/or English if you are a beginner or... if you want to prepare for your exams in Bulgarian grammar. I am passionate about languages because I found it easy to study languages in general. I took my final exam in Bulgarian grammar and literature with A. I also graduated Glasgow Caledonian University, which of course required IELTS.I would discribe myself as a very patient, supportive and highly motivated person. I don't like to put pressure on my students because the brain works better when the focus goes on the learning materials, not on the stress.I want to help everyone, who wants to learn Bulgarian and/or English without any struggle.Hope to see you soon. Здравейте, казвам се Моника и перфектно владея български и английски език. Мога да ти помогна да научиш български и/или английски, ако си начинаещ или да те подготвя за изпит по български език. Харесвам да уча езици, защото го намирам за нещо, с което се справям лесно. Средното си образование завърших с 5.80 на матурата по български език и литература. След него, завърших и бакалавър в Glasgow Caledonian University, който разбира се изискваше езиков изпит по английски - IELTS. Бих описала себе си като много спокоен, насърчителен и силно мотивиран човек. Не обичам да подлагам учениците си под напрежение, тъй като мозъкът работи по-добре, когато фокусът е насочен към учебната дейност, а не към стреса. Искам да помогна на всеки, който желае да научи български и/или английски без трудности. Надявам се да се видим скоро. Read more
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