Possessive pronouns indicate possession. In Bulgarian there are short and long possessive pronouns.
As it is in the English language, in Bulgarian there are also short and long possessive pronouns. In this lesson we will discuss them and how to use them correctly. Usually, we use the short forms of the possessive pronouns more frequently than the full forms.
Short possessive pronouns
We use the short possessive pronouns only after nouns, unlike in English, the nouns usually have a definite article.
|Къщата му е красива.||His house is beautiful.|
We use the short possessive pronoun "ви" for both 2nd person singular and 2nd person plural. When used for the 2nd person singular, it is a polite form and it is written with a capital letter - "Ви".
|Сестра Ви ще дойде ли?||Is your sister coming?|
Most nouns that define family members do not add a definite article in singular form when used with a short possessive pronoun:
|Майка ми и баща ми са тук, а сестрите ми ще дойдат скоро.||My mother and father are here and my sisters are coming soon.|
If there is a adjective before the noun, the short possessive pronoun comes between the adjective and the noun. The adjective always has a definite article.
|Старата ми кола е в гаража.||My old car is in the garage.|
If there is more than one adjective before the noun, the short possessive pronoun goes after the first adjective which always has a definite article.
|Кафето е любимата ми топла напитка.||Coffee is my favorite hot drink.|
Long possessive pronouns are similar to adjectives - they also change in the gender and number.
We use the long possessive pronouns - "ваш, ваша, вашо, ваши" for both 2nd person singular and 2nd person plural. When used for 2nd person singular, it is polite form and is written with a capital letter - "Ваш, Ваша, Ваше, Ваши".
|Тези чаши ваши ли са, деца?||Children, are these cups yours?|
|Извинете, господине, това Ваше ли е?||Excuse me, sir, is this yours?|
Long possessive pronouns can be used with a definite article.
|мой - моя(т)||моя - моята||мое - моето||мои - моите|
|твой - твоя(т)||твоя - твоята||твое - твоето||твои - твоите|
|негов - неговия(т)||негова - неговата||негово - неговото||негови - неговите|
|неин - нейния(т)||нейна - нейната||нейно - нейното||нейни - нейните|
|негов - неговия(т)||негова - неговата||негово - неговото||негови - неговите|
|наш - нашия(т)||наша - нашата||нашо - нашото||наши - нашите|
|ваш - вашия(т)||ваша - вашата||ваше - вашето||ваши - вашите|
|техен - техния(т)||тяхна - тяхната||тяхно - тяхното||техни - техните|
If the masculine long possessive pronoun defines the subject of the sentence we use the full form of the pronoun - моят, твоят, неговият, нейният, нашият, вашият, техният.
|Моята кола е червена, твоята - синя.||My car is red, and yours - blue.|
|Неговата дъщеря говори английски, а моята - руски.||His daughter speaks english, and mine - russian.|
We can also express possession with the help of the preposition "HA".
|Това е ризата на Иван.||This is Ivan's shirt.|
|Това е ризата му.||This shirt is his.|
|Това е неговата риза.||This is his shirt.|
Practice your knowledge and what you have learnt in the exercises after the lesson!
My name is Zlatko. I believe that learning Bulgarian online with me gives you the best of both worlds: fast progress and enjoyment.Taking on the challenge to learn a new language is impressive. The reasons might be different. Some people give it a go because they just like new things. Others need to learn a new language because they are moving to a country where the language is spoken. Remember that whatever your reason is, it is your motivation that is the key to successful learning.
Who am I and why to pick me:
- online and face-to-face teaching experience: over 15 years helping hundreds of students achieve their language goals
- flexibility: willing to tailor my techniques to both your interests and specific needs
- patience and excellent listening skills
- honesty and collaboration: let's build trust and consider our work as a partnership
- native Bulgarian speaker with oustanding educational background
- sense of humour
All lessons are interlinked to promote better and more memorable learning, with the flexibility to pick out key sections to focus on certain language points. All language is clearly signposted and scaffolded so there is great clarity of progression of learning - students can really feel they are getting somewhere.
In general, my teaching style includes, but is not limited to:
- speaking practice through role-play activities
- stotytelling and discussions
- gap filling excercises
- listening comprehension
- vocabulary development
- accent reduction
How does that grab you? If interested, drop me a line and we will discuss your language goals and expectations.
I OFFER a 15 MINUTE TRIAL LESSON TO DEMONSTRATE WHAT MY TEACHING METHOD LOOKS LIKE.
Hope to see you soon.
Here are a few tips on how to get the most out of every lesson:
1. Review what you covered in your previous lesson.
2. Focus on things you had difficulty with. I will definitely go over them.
3. It is always a great idea to take notes during your lessons. It helps you stay more focused on what you are learning.
4. Feel free to ask me if anything has come up since your last lesson that you want clarification on. Your questions do not have to be prior lesson related, maybe you are just curious about how to say something.
5. Be sure you have completed your homework assignments. If you were not able to complete them, make notes about what stumped you. Were the instructions not clear enough, was the vocabulary beyond your level of comprehension, were the grammar rules too overwhelming, was there too much homework for the time you had planned to spend on it, and so on.
6. Contact me prior to your next lesson if there are any issues or changes you would like to make me aware of so I can have a chance to make changes to your learning plan.
I look forward to seeing you in my lessons.
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
I am glad to meet you.
First of all, let me congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. In your case this is Bulgarian.
My country, Bulgaria, is a beautiful country with nice and hospitable people. It is an ancient land with a great history and rich culture. Having learned our language you will be able to get in touch freely with our good people and country.
I come from the town of Vidin, Bulgaria. I am a qualified English and Bulgarian teacher. I graduated back in 1972 from Sofia University with an MA in English Philology and Bulgarian Philology as a second subject. Since then I have spent most of my professional career teaching Bulgarian students.
First of all, we will have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice!
Cannot wait to meet you and help you on your journey to learn Bulgarian.
This student is one of the best ones I ever had in my long teaching career. She is always so diligent and willing to learn more and more. I am so happy to work with her and see the immense progress she has made since we first started working together. Thank you Silke!
Hello! My name is Deborah! I am a language instructor. I teach Italian, English and Bulgarian. I have more than 10 years teaching experience, both face-to-face and online to individual as well as to small and large groups. At the moment I am teaching Italian in a private school in Sofia, Bulgaria- where I lived for more than 10 years. I teach English to students ready to move to English speaking countries for work, and to students who need Еnglish for their career. I also prepare students for exams (KET, PET, FCE, CAE, CPE), and I offer language courses for communication and travelling purposes.
I attended the College (tourism) in Lucca-Italy. I have a diploma in Secretarial and Business Administration from the South Kensington and Chelsea Collage in London- (I lived in London few years ago). I have a TEFL certificate -grade A. and an ECL certificate in Bulgarian C1 with 96/100. Therefore, I have a good knowledge of how languages work and I can provide my students with helpful insight. Teaching is my passion, and I am constantly in search for new methods to help my students to get through the challenges and the difficults when learning a new language.
I am an enthusiastic, dedicated and adaptable teacher. I always use the communicative method in my teaching and I try to make my students feel comfortable by creating a funny and relaxed environment.
I hope to see you soon in one of my classes!
thank you very much!
My name is Monika and I am fluent Bulgarian and English speaker. I can help you to learn Bulgarian and/or English if you are a beginner or if you want to prepare for your exams in Bulgarian grammar. I am passionate about languages because I found it easy to study languages in general. I took my final exam in Bulgarian grammar and literature with A. I also graduated Glasgow Caledonian University, which of course required IELTS.
I would discribe myself as a very patient, supportive and highly motivated person. I don't like to put pressure on my students because the brain works better when the focus goes on the learning materials, not on the stress.
I want to help everyone, who wants to learn Bulgarian and/or English without any struggle.
Hope to see you soon.
Здравейте, казвам се Моника и перфектно владея български и английски език. Мога да ти помогна да научиш български и/или английски, ако си начинаещ или да те подготвя за изпит по български език. Харесвам да уча езици, защото го намирам за нещо, с което се справям лесно. Средното си образование завърших с 5.80 на матурата по български език и литература. След него, завърших и бакалавър в Glasgow Caledonian University, който разбира се изискваше езиков изпит по английски - IELTS.
Бих описала себе си като много спокоен, насърчителен и силно мотивиран човек. Не обичам да подлагам учениците си под напрежение, тъй като мозъкът работи по-добре, когато фокусът е насочен към учебната дейност, а не към стреса.
Искам да помогна на всеки, който желае да научи български и/или английски без трудности.
Надявам се да се видим скоро.
Hello! My name is Emilia and I am an experienced language tutor and translator from/to Bulgarian, Spanish, English and Dutch. My biggest passion are foreign languages and I have passed this passion to many of my students throughout the years. Despite the fact I have a Master's degree in Economics and International Business and I've worked few years as an economist, my heart always takes me back to my teaching and translation jobs. With more than 15 years of teaching experience, a great level of patience and dedication to my work, and a great number of happy students, I am here to help you learn Bulgarian, Spanish and Dutch at your own pace and convenience. Hope to hear from you soon! Best regards, Emilia