Bulgarian sentence structure
From the point of view of grammar, the sentence is a grammatically correct chain of words. Each sentence has its function and expresses its own meaning. In the Bulgarian language exist different types of sentences and each one of them ends with a specific punctual sign, depending on its purpose. For example:
|Type of sentence||Example||English translation|
|declarative "."||Аз ям ябълка.||I eat an apple.|
|interrogative "?"||Ти ядеш ябълка?||You are eating an apple?|
|exclamatory "!"||Колко хубаво, че ям ябълка!||So nice, I am eating an apple!|
|imperative "!"||Не яж ябълката!||Don't eat the apple!|
Furthermore, regarding the sentence structure we make a difference between "simple" and "complex" sentences.
A simple sentence expresses only one thought. It consists of a subject and only of one verb. There are two types of simple sentences:
|Type of simple sentence||Example||English translation|
|short simple sentence||Вятърът духа.||The wind is blowing.|
|wide simple sentence||Вятърът духа силно.||The wind is blowing strongly.|
- The short simple sentences contains only the main parts of the sentence: Subject + Verb
- The wide simple sentences contains the main parts of the sentence and other: Subject + Verb +Adverb (Subject + Verb + Object)
The complex sentence is built from two or more simple sentences and has more than one verbs. It usually expresses more than one thought.
|Type of complex sentence||Example||English translation|
|with two verbs||Аз излизам от стаята, а Иван гледа телевизия.||I go out from the room and Ivan watches TV.|
|with three verbs||Аз излизам от стаята, а Иван гледа телевизия и яде ябълка.||I go out from the room, Ivan watches TV and eats an apple.|
Learn more about the different parts of the sentence in the Bulgarian language with our next lessons.
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I teach: Bulgarian, English
My name is Monika and I am fluent Bulgarian and English speaker. I can help you to learn Bulgarian and/or English if you are a beginner or... if you want to prepare for your exams in Bulgarian grammar. I am passionate about languages because I found it easy to study languages in general. I took my final exam in Bulgarian grammar and literature with A. I also graduated Glasgow Caledonian University, which of course required IELTS.I would discribe myself as a very patient, supportive and highly motivated person. I don't like to put pressure on my students because the brain works better when the focus goes on the learning materials, not on the stress.I want to help everyone, who wants to learn Bulgarian and/or English without any struggle.Hope to see you soon. Здравейте, казвам се Моника и перфектно владея български и английски език. Мога да ти помогна да научиш български и/или английски, ако си начинаещ или да те подготвя за изпит по български език. Харесвам да уча езици, защото го намирам за нещо, с което се справям лесно. Средното си образование завърших с 5.80 на матурата по български език и литература. След него, завърших и бакалавър в Glasgow Caledonian University, който разбира се изискваше езиков изпит по английски - IELTS. Бих описала себе си като много спокоен, насърчителен и силно мотивиран човек. Не обичам да подлагам учениците си под напрежение, тъй като мозъкът работи по-добре, когато фокусът е насочен към учебната дейност, а не към стреса. Искам да помогна на всеки, който желае да научи български и/или английски без трудности. Надявам се да се видим скоро. Read more
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I teach: Bulgarian
Hi there,I am glad to meet you.First of all, let me congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. In your case this is... Bulgarian.My country, Bulgaria, is a beautiful country with nice and hospitable people. It is an ancient land with a great history and rich culture. Having learned our language you will be able to get in touch freely with our good people and country.I come from the town of Vidin, Bulgaria. I am a qualified English and Bulgarian teacher. I graduated back in 1972 from Sofia University with an MA in English Philology and Bulgarian Philology as a second subject. Since then I have spent most of my professional career teaching Bulgarian students.First of all, we will have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice!Cannot wait to meet you and help you on your journey to learn Bulgarian. Read more
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I teach: Bulgarian, English, French
Hello, I am Zlatko. I have over 12 years of French, English and Bulgarian teaching experience. My style is to have natural... conversations about a wide range of topics. I always encourage my students to speak and give them hints about how to remember as much as possible.We can focus on a different grammar point during a lesson too. The way I explain grammar rules is simple and fun. How does that grab you? Are you willing to learn Bulgarian, French or English with me? If so, please let me know what your language learning goals are, and I will build a realistic study plan for you.I look forward to meeting you soon. Read more