Bulgarian sentence structure
From the point of view of grammar, the sentence is a grammatically correct chain of words. Each sentence has its function and expresses its own meaning. In the Bulgarian language exist different types of sentences and each one of them ends with a specific punctual sign, depending on its purpose. For example:
|Type of sentence||Example||English translation|
|declarative "."||Аз ям ябълка.||I eat an apple.|
|interrogative "?"||Ти ядеш ябълка?||You are eating an apple?|
|exclamatory "!"||Колко хубаво, че ям ябълка!||So nice, I am eating an apple!|
|imperative "!"||Не яж ябълката!||Don't eat the apple!|
Furthermore, regarding the sentence structure we make a difference between "simple" and "complex" sentences.
A simple sentence expresses only one thought. It consists of a subject and only of one verb. There are two types of simple sentences:
|Type of simple sentence||Example||English translation|
|short simple sentence||Вятърът духа.||The wind is blowing.|
|wide simple sentence||Вятърът духа силно.||The wind is blowing strongly.|
- The short simple sentences contains only the main parts of the sentence: Subject + Verb
- The wide simple sentences contains the main parts of the sentence and other: Subject + Verb +Adverb (Subject + Verb + Object)
The complex sentence is built from two or more simple sentences and has more than one verbs. It usually expresses more than one thought.
|Type of complex sentence||Example||English translation|
|with two verbs||Аз излизам от стаята, а Иван гледа телевизия.||I go out from the room and Ivan watches TV.|
|with three verbs||Аз излизам от стаята, а Иван гледа телевизия и яде ябълка.||I go out from the room, Ivan watches TV and eats an apple.|
Learn more about the different parts of the sentence in the Bulgarian language with our next lessons.
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