What are the pronouns?
From the point of view of the grammar, a pronoun is a word or phrase that we use instead of the noun or the noun phrase of a sentence. The pronouns can act as nouns - they can be a subject, a direct or indirect object.
The pronouns in the Bulgarian language
In the Bulgarian language there is a big variety of pronouns that are used often and for different purposes. In this page we give a overall view of them and how to use them.
Personal pronouns take the place and role of the noun. They have person, number, gender and case.
|Аз съм студент.||I am a student.|
|Ти си лекар.||You are a doctor.|
|Той е ученик.||He is a high school student.|
These pronouns indicate possession. In Bulgarian there are short and long forms.
|Майка ми е учителка.||My mother is a teacher.|
|Това е моята химикалка.||This pen is mine.|
|Баща му е механик.||His father is a mechanic.|
|Това е неговият баща.||This is his father.|
Demonstrative pronouns take the place of the noun phrases in the sentence. They are actually demonstrative adjectives. They have gender and number.
|Този мъж ми е приятел.||This man is my friend.|
|Тази чаша е моя.||This cup is mine.|
|Тези двамата са много приятни хора.||These two are very friendly people.|
Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions.
|Колко е часът?||What is the time?|
|Какъв цвят предпочиташ?||Which color do you prefer?|
|Кой е този човек?||Who is this person?|
These pronouns connect clause or a phrase to a noun or pronoun.
|Жената, която седи там, е майка ми.||The woman, that is sitting there is my mather.|
|Искам чай, като този от вчера.||I want a tea like the one from yesterday.|
|Вземи чантата, която е на земята.||Tak the bag, that is on the floor.|
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