• Bulgarian grammar
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  • 1 Bulgarian sentence structure
  • 2 Bulgarian pronouns [0/10]
  • 3 Bulgarian nouns [0/6]
  • 4 Bulgarian verbs [0/16]
  • 5 Bulgarian prepositions [0/2]
  • 6 Bulgarian adjectives [0/6]
  • 7 Bulgarian adverbs [0/2]
  • Bulgarian nouns

    Grammatically speaking, nouns are parts of speech. They are words that denote a person, an animal, a place, a thing, an idea.  The nouns have a very important function and they can take different roles. They could be: subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, object complements, etc.

    Gender of the Bulgarian nouns

    The nouns in the Bulgarian language have three grammatical genders - masculine, feminine and neuter. Usually you can recognize the gender of the noun by it's ending.

    Gender Ending  Example 
    masculine  - consonant   слон
    feminine  - а/я  земя
    neuter  - е/о  село

     

    Number of the Bulgarian nouns

    The nouns in the Bulgarian language have singular and plural form. The nouns have different endings depending on their gender. The table below demonstrates only the general rules. There are a lot of exceptions which you can study in the further lessons.

       Male  Female  Neuter
     nominative form сандвич жена село
     plural form сандвичи жени села

     

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    Definite article of the Bulgarian nouns

    The definite article of the nouns in the Bulgarian language is always the ending of the word (not separated). There are three different forms, depending on the gender - male, female, neuter.

     

     Male

    +а/ът 

     Female

    +та 

     Neuter 

    +то

     nominative form  мъж                 жена дете
    with definite article  мъжа/ мъжът жената                детето                   

     

    enlightenedThe male nouns may receive short or long definite article, depending on its role in the sentence. If it is a subject - it gets the long article, if it is an object - the short one.

    Мъжът пие бира  The man is drinking beer. 
    Бирата на масата е на мъжа  The beer belongs to the man

     

    Next lessons

    1 Gender of the Bulgarian nouns Learn the gender of the Bulgarian nouns.
    2 Number of the Bulgarian nouns Learn the number of the Bulgarian nouns
    3 Definite article of the Bulgarian nouns Learn how to add the definite article of the Bulgarian nouns.