Grammatically speaking, nouns are parts of speech. They are words that denote a person, an animal, a place, a thing, an idea. The nouns have a very important function and they can take different roles. They could be: subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, object complements, etc.
The nouns in the Bulgarian language have three grammatical genders - masculine, feminine and neuter. Usually you can recognize the gender of the noun by it's ending.
The nouns in the Bulgarian language have singular and plural form. The nouns have different endings depending on their gender. The table below demonstrates only the general rules. There are a lot of exceptions which you can study in the further lessons.
The definite article of the nouns in the Bulgarian language is always the ending of the word (not separated). There are three different forms, depending on the gender - male, female, neuter.
|with definite article||мъжа/ мъжът||жената||детето|
The male nouns may receive short or long definite article, depending on its role in the sentence. If it is a subject - it gets the long article, if it is an object - the short one.
|Мъжът пие бира.||The man is drinking beer.|
|Бирата на масата е на мъжа.||The beer belongs to the man.|
An's Bulgarian has tremendously improved since she gave it go a year and a half ago. Of course, It goes without saying that I am pleased to work with such an enthusiastic learner who is living proof that, through hard work and perseverance, everyone can succeed in their language goals. An, you are now an independant user of the language who is able to successfully lead real-live conversations. Pat yourself on the back.
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