Grammatically speaking, nouns are parts of speech. They are words that denote a person, an animal, a place, a thing, an idea. The nouns have a very important function and they can take different roles. They could be: subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, object complements, etc.
Gender of the Bulgarian nouns
The nouns in the Bulgarian language have three grammatical genders - masculine, feminine and neuter. Usually you can recognize the gender of the noun by it's ending.
Number of the Bulgarian nouns
The nouns in the Bulgarian language have singular and plural form. The nouns have different endings depending on their gender. The table below demonstrates only the general rules. There are a lot of exceptions which you can study in the further lessons.
Definite article of the Bulgarian nouns
The definite article of the nouns in the Bulgarian language is always the ending of the word (not separated). There are three different forms, depending on the gender - male, female, neuter.
|with definite article||мъжа/ мъжът||жената||детето|
The male nouns may receive short or long definite article, depending on its role in the sentence. If it is a subject - it gets the long article, if it is an object - the short one.
|Мъжът пие бира.||The man is drinking beer.|
|Бирата на масата е на мъжа.||The beer belongs to the man.|
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