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Demonstrative pronouns are in fact the demonstrative adjectives (eng. this, that, these). However, in sentence structures the demonstrative pronouns take the place of the noun phrase.
|Gender||Nearby persons and ojects||Distant persons and objects||Denoting quality|
|m.||този this||онзи that||такъв such as|
|f.||тази this||онази that||такава such as|
|n.||това this||онова that||такова such as|
|pl.||тези these||онези those||такива such|
|Той е такъв сноб!||He is such a snob!|
|Искам такава рокля.||I want such a dress.|
We use demonstrative pronouns with or without a noun. When used with a noun, the demonstrative pronouns go before it. The noun after the demonstrative pronoun it always without a definite article.
Този ресторант е скъп, но онзи е по-хубав.
|This restaurant is expensive, but that one is better.|
|Този е скъп, но онзи е по-хубав.||This is expensive, but that one is better|
When "Това" is used with the verb "Съм" ("to be") and without a noun to introduce persons and topics, it corresponds to the English "that", "it", "these", and can be used with both singular and plural.
|Това е добре!||That's OK!|
|Това са гостите.||These are our guests.|
When we use demonstrative pronouns for persons without a noun they may have a negative connotation.
|Не ми говори за тази!||Don't even mention that (woman) to me!|
|Онзи там е лош човек.||That guy is a bad person.|
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