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Present simple tense in Bulgarian

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1. When to use the present simple tense?

We use the present simple tense to talk about:

1. A fact

 Земята се върти около  слънцето.  Zemyata se varti okolo sluntzeto.  The Earth rotates around the sun.
 Хората имат нужда от храна. Horata imat nuzhda ot hrana. People need food.


2. A habit or repeated action

 Често играя тенис.  Chesto igraya tenis. I play tennis often.
 Всеки ден ходя на работа.  Vseki den hodya na rabota.  I go to work every day. 


3. An activity happening now

 Слушам музика в момента. Slusham muzika v momenta. I am listening to music at the moment.
 Играя компютърни игри сега. Igraya na kompyuturni igri sega. I am playing computer games right now.


enlightenedThe Bulgarian present simple tense is translated to English by using the present simple (I play) or present continuous (I am playing).

enlightenedThe Bulgarian present simple tense is also used to talk about an action that started in a specific time in past and continues into the present. In this case, it is translated into English by using present continuous.

 Сестра ми живее в Америка 10 години.  Sestra mi zhivee v Amerika ot 10 godini. My sister has been living in the USA for 10 years.


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2. Signal words

Present simple tense is used with adverbs of frequency:

 Винаги  Vinagi  Always
 Обикновено  Obiknoveno  Usually
 Често Chesto Often
 Понякога Ponyakoga Sometimes 
 Рядко Ryadko Rarely
 Никога Nikoga Never


3. Verb conjugation

А/Я Group (3rd conjunction)

All the verbs from this group end in - АМ /- ЯМ in the first person singular and contain the vowel -А/-Я in the endings for all persons in singular and plural.

Verb: Искам - to want

A group (- ам) 
Аз (не) искам I (don't) want
Ти (не) искаш You (don't) want
Той (не) иска He (doesn't) want
Ние (не) искаме We (don't) want
Вие (не) искате You (don't) want
Те (не) искат They (don't) want


Verb: Вечерям - to dine

Я group  (-ям) 
Аз (не) вечерям I (don´t) dine
Ти (не) вечеряш You (don´t) dine
Той (не) вечеря He (doesn´t) dine
Ние (не) вечеряме We (don´t) dine
Вие (не) вечеряте You (don´t) dine
Те (не) вечерят They (don´t) dine


enlightenedSome verbs of this group are: вечерям (to have a dinner)  , забравям ( to forget) , закусвам ( to have breakfast), затварям (to close) , искам (to want) , казвам (to say), купувам (to buy), отварям (to open) , обичам (to love), харесвам (to like), обядвам (to have lunch).


 E group (1st Conjunction)

many of the verbs from E group end in a vowel + Я in 1st person singular.

Verb:  Пия -  To drink

E group (vowel + Я) 
Аз (не) пия I (don´t) drink
Ти (не) пиеш You (don´t) drink
Той (не) пие He (doesn´t) drink
Ние (не) пием We (don´t) drink
Вие (не) пиете You (don´t) drink
Те (не) пият They (don´) drink


enlightenedSome verbs from this group: желая (to desire), зная (to know), играя (to play), мечтая (to dream), мия (to wash), мога (t be able),  пея (to sing), пия (to drink), пиша (to write), чета (to read).

 И - group (2nd Conjunction)

almost all of the verbs from the И - group end in a consonant + Я in the 1st person singular

Verb: Правя - To do

И group (consonant + Я) 
Аз (не) правя I (don´t) do
Ти (не) правиш You (don´t) do
Той (не) прави He (doesn´t) do
Ние (не) правим We (don´t) do
Вие (не) правите You (don´t) do
Те (не) правят They (don´t) do


enlightenedSome verbs from this group: вървя (to walk), говоря (to talk), готвя (to cook), каня (to invite), мисля (to think), моля (to ask), уча (to study), ходя (to walk).


4. Conjugation of Reflexive verbs

The reflexive verb have the same form of the regular ones, but the reflexive pronouns are added - "СЕ" and "СИ"

Verb: Връщам се - To return

Reflexive pronoun - "СЕ" 
Аз (не) се връщам I (don't) come back
Ти (не) се връщаш You (don't) come back
Той (не) се връща He (doesn't) come back
Ние (не) се връщаме We (don't) come back
Вие (не) се връщате You (don't) come back
Те (не) се връщат They (don't) come back



Verb: Имам си- To have

Reflexive pronoun "СИ" 
Аз (не) си имам I (don't) have
Ти (не) и имаш You (don't) have
Той (не) си има He (doesn´t) have
Ние (не) си имаме We (don't) have
Вие (не) си имате You (don't) have
Те (не) си имат They (don't) have



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