• Bulgarian grammar
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  • 1 Bulgarian sentence structure
  • 2 Bulgarian pronouns [0/10]
  • 3 Bulgarian nouns [0/6]
  • 4 Bulgarian verbs [0/16]
  • 5 Bulgarian prepositions [0/2]
  • 6 Bulgarian adjectives [0/6]
  • 7 Bulgarian adverbs [0/2]
  • Bulgarian imperative mood

    Exercises

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    1. Write the imperative forms of the verbs Score -/-
    2. Write the missing form of the imperative verbs Score -/-

    From the point of view of grammar, the imperative mood is used to express commands or requests, permission or prohibition.

    Imperative mood in the Bulgarian language

    In the Bulgarian language the verb in imperative mood usually has two forms - singular and plural. 

    Verbs that end on consonant + vowel receive the following endings: "И" or "Ете"

     Verb

     2nd person

    singular 

    2nd person

    plural 

     English translation 
    купя купи! купете!  read!
    пиша пиши! пишете!  read!

     

    Verbs that end on vowel + consonant receive the following endings: "Й" or "Йте"

     Verb 

     2nd person

    singular

    2nd person

    plural

    English translation 
    скачам  скачай! скачайте!  jump!
    падам падай! падайте!  fall!

     

    Some exceptions:

    Verb 

    2nd person

    singular

    2nd person

    plural

    English translation
    съм  бъди!   бъдете!    be!
    видя виж! вижте!   look!
    вляза влез! влезте!   come in!
    дойда  ела! елате!   come!
    държа дръж! дръжте!   hold on!
    изляза излез! излезте!   come out! 
    отида отиди! отидете!   go!
    сляза слез! слезте!   get down!
    ям яж! яжте!   eat!

     

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    How to form the negative imperative

    Usually, we form the negative imperative by adding "He" in front of the positive form.

     Positive form   Negative form 
    Чети! Не чети!
    Четете! Не четете!

     

    However, there is a second way to formulate the negative imperative, by using "Недей да" for singular and   "Недейте да" for plural + the present tense of the verb.

    singular  Недей да четеш!  Don't read! 
    plural Недейте да четете!   Don't read!
    singular Недей да влизаш!  Don't come in! 
    plural Недейте да влизате!  Don't come in!