- Skype teachers
- Free trial lesson
- Flexible appointments
The present simple tense in Bulgarian is used to talk about:
an action thet happened in a non-specific time in the past, the results of which are evident in or affect the present.
|Бил съм в Канада.||Bila sum v Kanada.||I have been un Canada.|
|Купила съм хляб.||Kupila sum hlyab.||I have bought bread.|
|Чела съм тази книга.||Chela sum tazi kniga.||I have read this book.|
In most cases the Bulgarian perfect tense is translated into English by the use of the present perfect tense (I have played)
Unlike in English, we can use the present perfect in Bulgarian when the time of the action is specified. In those cases it is translated into English by using past simple tense:
|Виждал/а ли си го днес?||Vizhdal/а li si go dnes?||Did you see him today?|
|Бил/а си в магазина тази седмица?||Bil/а li si v magazina tazi sedmitza?||Did you go to the supermarket this week?|
|Купил/а ли си захар вчера?||Kupil/а li si zahar vchera?||Did you buy sugar yesterday?|
With this tense we only tell that something have happened or we have done something, but we don´t specify when. The event happened at some point in the past but the information "when it happened" is missing or not important. However, there are some time markers that will help you use this tense correctly:
Explore the following examples:
|Някога била/а ли си в Куба?||Nyakoga bil/a li si v Kuba?||Have you ever been in Cuba?|
|Никога не съм/а била в КУба?||Nikoga ne sym bil/a v Kuba?||I have never been in Cuba?|
The present perfect tense is formed by using the present tense of the verb "to be" and the past participle of the main verb.
СЪМ (to be) + ходил/правил/живял (past partisiple)
the verb "СЪМ" ("to be") is usually placed before the pst prtisiple but if there is no other word before the past simple participle "СЪМ" ("to be") goes after it.
Аз съм ходила = Ходила съм.
|Аз съм ходил/а||I have walked||Аз не съм ходил/а||I have not walked|
|Ти си ходил/а||You have walked||Ти не си ходил/а||You have not walked|
|Той е ходил/а||He has walked||Той не е ходил/а||He has not walked|
|Ние сме ходили||We have walked||Ние не сме ходили||We have not walked|
|Вие сте ходили||You have walked||Вие не сте ходили||You have not walked|
|Те са ходили||They have wlaked||Те не са ходили||They have not walked|
Ask questions using Present perfect tense
In Bulgaran language we use the question word "ли" to convert the sentence into a question.
|Бил/а ли съм?||Have I been?||Не съм ли бил/а?||Have I not been?|
|Бил/а ли си?||Have you been?||Не си ли бил/а?||Have you not been?|
|Бил/а ли е?||Has he been?||Не е ли бил/а?||Has he not been?|
|Били ли сме?||Have we been?||Не сме ли били?||Have we not been?|
|Били ли сте?||Have you been?||Не сте ли били?||Have you not been?|
|Били ли са?||Have they been?||Не са ли били?||Have they not been?|
The word order of the reflexive verbs in the present perfect tense requires special attention - in 3rd person singular the reflexive participle "СЕ" is placed before the verb while in all other forms it come after it.
|Аз съм се върнал/а||I have returned||Аз не съм се върнал/а||I have not returned|
|Ти си се върнал/а||You have returned||Ти не си се върнал/а||You have returned|
|Той/тя се е върнал/а||He/she has returned||Той/тя не се е върнал||He/she has returned|
|Ние сме се върнали||We have returned||Ние не сме се върнали||We have returned|
|Вие сте се върнали||You have returned||Вие не сте се върнали||You have returned|
|Те са се върнали||They have returned||Те не са се върнали||They have returned|
Hello, My name is Zlatko. I believe that learning Bulgarian online with me gives you the best of both worlds: fast progress and enjoyment.Taking... on the challenge to learn a new language is impressive. The reasons might be different. Some people give it a go because they just like new things. Others need to learn a new language because they are moving to a country where the language is spoken. Remember that whatever your reason is, it is your motivation that is the key to successful learning. Who am I and why to pick me out: - online and face-to-face teaching experience: over 15 years helping hundreds of students achieve their language goals - flexibility: willing to tailor my techniques to both your interests and specific needs - patience and excellent listening skills - honesty and collaboration: let's build trust and consider our work as a partnership - native Bulgarian speaker with oustanding educational background - sense of humour In general, my teaching style includes, but is not limited to: - speaking practice through role-play activities - stotytelling and discussions - gap filling excercises - listening comprehension - vocabulary development - accent reduction How does that grab you? If interested, drop me a line and we will discuss your language goals and expectations. Hope to see you soon. Here are a few tips on how to get the most out of every lesson: 1. Review what you covered in your previous lesson. 2. Focus on things you had difficulty with. I will definitely go over them. 3. It is always a great idea to take notes during your lessons. It helps you stay more focused on what you are learning. 4. Feel free to ask me if anything has come up since your last lesson that you want clarification on. Your questions do not have to be prior lesson related, maybe you are just curious about how to say something. 5. Be sure you have completed your homework assignments. If you were not able to complete them, make notes about what stumped you. Were the instructions not clear enough, was the vocabulary beyond your level of comprehension, were the grammar rules too overwhelming, was there too much homework for the time you had planned to spend on it, and so on. 6. Contact me prior to your next lesson if there are any issues or changes you would like to make me aware of so I can have a chance to make changes to your learning plan. Hope this helps. Read more
Hi there,I am glad to meet you.First of all, let me congratulate you on the decision to learn or improve a new language. In your case this is... Bulgarian.My country, Bulgaria, is a beautiful country with nice and hospitable people. It is an ancient land with a great history and rich culture. Having learned our language you will be able to get in touch freely with our good people and country.I come from the town of Vidin, Bulgaria. I am a qualified English and Bulgarian teacher. I graduated back in 1972 from Sofia University with an MA in English Philology and Bulgarian Philology as a second subject. Since then I have spent most of my professional career teaching Bulgarian students.First of all, we will have a 20-30-minute trial lesson during which we can get to know each other, set expectations towards the lessons and schedule the timetable. The next step is simple - we start learning the language of your choice!Cannot wait to meet you and help you on your journey to learn Bulgarian. Read more
1 Where I have learned EnglishI started learning English in 1995, after my graduation from Sofia University, in a Suggestopedic course at the... same university. I was eager to acquire new learning/teaching methods and approaches, and Suggestopedia was among the most fascinating ones. That incredible Suggestopedic course gave me a mighty impuls to continue learning English and boosted my self-confidence so high that I started to use my newly acquired skills almost immediately; and shortly after, I found a new job requiring English command, e.g. using a lot of English sources for creating staff training and career guidance materials. Of course, English was not that widely spread in Bulgaria at that time, so English speakers were of high demand. That first Suggestopedic course, which I took in 1995, has also influenced all my English teaching/tutoring views and practice.Afterwards, I went through two more courses: one on-the-job in 2001, through my employer at that time, National Institute of Education, and the second and last one at Thanet College, England in 2004 (Advanced level +IELTS preparation course). At the end of the latter, I obtained my IELTS certificate, band 7.5 (International English Learning Testing System)/. And I have not stopped practicing, respectively improving my English ever since.Of course, between and during the aforementioned courses, there was a lot of self-study. I also intensively practiced it at work, including as a member of international teams within European Union programmes . 2 My methodsI am learner-centred and help people learn as naturally as possible. My way of English tutoring is influenced by Suggestopedia, which I have experienced myself as a learner, as well as by the language acquisition hypothesis by Stephen Krashen. Three are the main pillars that I rely on as a tutor: good interpersonal communication; taking advantage of the omnipresent ICT; and contextual learning. 2.1 Interpersonal Communication:I have got on-the job training and 7-year experience in career guidance, including communication skills, and take advantage of them to help (facilitate) your English learning. My tutorials are learner-centred, i.e. they are based on your individual needs, and are also conversational, interactive, and also in a positive and friendly atmosphere of mutual respect. 2.2 Taking Advantage of ICTI am striving to seamlessly merge everyday life with English learning through ICT, i.e. in the tutorials, we employ ICT in the way we do it daily, while at the same time, each of us may learn from each other new ways of using ICT, respectively new applications. ICT is our communication media, and also provide us with a large range of content to choose from, i.e. texts and stories as well as grammar and drilling (exercising) materials. You can pick what is meaningful for you, thus co-creating your English course. ICT also gives us more and more sophisticated ways of self-expression and creativity both during and beyond our learning interactions. 2.3 Contextual learning.You learn English contextually, i.e. through a lot of references to your own life experience and environment, on one hand, and on another hand, through fiction, be it literature and films/videos or stories thought up by us. Storytelling is one of my beloved methods as a tutor. 3 What my students will learnYou will advance in general English and especially in the topics of highest interest to you, since the course is tailor-made and we will be shaping the content together;You will gain self-confidence for practical application of your language skills in your life;Your language learning motivation will be kept strong and even boosted;You will try and learn a range of language learning strategies and techniques, which can help you become an independent language learner. 4 My English teaching experienceI have been teaching English since 2013 in private language centres as well as by providing online English tutorials myself.My English teaching practice is based on the sound background of two Master’s degrees: in Pedagogy and in Cultural Heritage & Tourism. I have also got more than 25 years of practice in non-formal education and lifelong learning including seven years in vocational guidance (with focus on staff training), as well as 15+ years in European project work (EU grants in the fields of Professional Education, Citizenship, Youth).It has contributed to broadening and enriching my perspective as an English teacher/tutor to a great extent.English teaching qualification:- TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) 150 hours from Arizona State University. Actually, I am just before completing it, with two intermediate certificates already obtained Read more