Past simple tense in Bulgarian
1. When to use the past simple tense?
Another very important skill that you should have is to be able to talk about the past. In this way you can tell more about you, your background or you can talk about something you have heard or seen.
We use the past simple tense to talk about: an action performed in a specific time in the past
|Измих чиниите сутринта.||Az izmih chiniite sutrinta.||I washed the dishes in the morning.|
|Той яде сладолед и поничка за закуска.||Toi yade sladoled y ponichka za zakuska.||He had an ice-cream and a donut for breakfast.|
|Не намерихме магазина.||Ne namerihme magazina.||We didn't find the shop.|
The Bulgaria past simple tense is translated into English by using past simple tense.
2. Signal words
Here are some of the most used time markers that indicate the use of past simple tense.
|преди малко||predi malko||a while ago|
|миналият месец||minaliyat mesec||last month|
|миналата година||minalata godina||last year|
|миналото лято||minaloto lyato||last summer|
3. Formation and verb conjugation
There are six groups of verb conjunctions in the past simple tense: ИХ-group , АХ-group , Ях-group , ОХ/Е-group , ЕХ-group УХ-group
Ходя (to walk)
Пристигам (to arrive)
Вечерям (to dine)
Давам (to give)
Взимам (to take)
Чух (to hear)
|Искам (to want)||Съм (to be)||Обичам (to love)||Имам (to have)||Знам (to know)|
4. Conjugation of reflexive verbs
Pay attention to the placement of the reflexive pronouns!
|Аз се върнах||I came back||Аз не се върнах||I didn't come back|
|Ти се върна||You came back||Те не се върнаха||You didn't come back|
|Той се върна||He came back||Той не се върна||He didn't come back|
|Ние се върнахме||We came back||Ние не се върнахме||We didn't come back|
|Вие се върнахте||You came back||Вие не се върнахте||You didn't come back|
|Те се върнаха||They came back||Те не се върнаха||They didn't come back|
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